Skip to main content
×
Home
    • Aa
    • Aa

Genome variation in the SAT types of foot-and-mouth disease viruses prevalent in buffalo (Syncerus caffer) in the Kruger National Park and other regions of southern Africa, 1986–93

  • W. Vosloo (a1), E. Kirkbride (a1), R. G. Bengis (a2), D. F. Keet (a2) and G. R. Thomson (a1)...
Summary
SUMMARY

Dideoxy nucleotide sequencing of a portion of the 1D gene of SAT-type foot-and-mouth disease viruses (FMDV) was used to derive phylogenetic relationships between viruses recovered from the oesophageo-pharyngeal secretions of buffalo in the Kruger National Park as well as several other wildlife areas in southern Africa. The three serotypes differed from one another by more than 40 % while intratypic variation did not exceed 29%. Within each type, isolates from particular countries were more closely related to one another than to isolates from other countries lending credence to previous observations that FMDV evolve independently in different regions of the subcontinent.

Copyright
Corresponding author
* Author for correspondence and reprints.
References
Hide All
1.Vosloo W, Knowles NJ, Thomson GR. Genetic relationships between southern African SAT-2 isolates of foot-and-mouth disease virus. Epidemiol Infect 1992; 109: 547–58.
2.Condy JB. A history of foot-and-mouth disease in Rhodesia. Rhodesian Vet J. 1979; 10: 210.
3.Thomson GR, Vosloo W, Esterhuysen JJ, Bengis RG. Maintenance of foot-and-mouth disease viruses in buffalo in southern Africa. Rev Sci Tech Off Int Epiz 1992; 11: 1097–107.
4.Bengis RG, Thomson GR, De Vos V. Foot-and-mouth disease and the African buffalo: a review. Tydskrif van die Suid-Afrikaanse Veterinêre Vereniging 1987: 160–2.
5.Condy JB, Hedger RB, Hamblin C, Barnett ITR. The duration of the foot-and-mouth disease virus carrier state in African buffalo (i) in the individual animal and (ii) in a free-living herd. Comp Immun Microbiol Infect Dis 1985; 8: 259–65.
6.Condy JB, Hedger RS. The survival of foot-and-mouth disease virus in African buffalo with non-transference to domestic cattle. Res Vet Sci 1974; 16: 182–5.
7.Bengis RG, Thomson GR, Hedger RS, De Vos V, Pini A. Foot-and-mouth disease and the African buffalo (Syncerus caffer). I. Carriers as a source of infection for cattle. Onderstepoort J Vet Res 1986; 53: 6973.
8.Hedger RS, Condy JB. Transmission of foot-and-mouth disease virus from African buffalo virus carriers to bovines. Vet Rec 1985; 117: 205.
9.Vosloo W, Kirkbride E, Esterhuysen JJ et al. , Persistent infection of African buffalo (Synferus caffer) with SAT-2 foot-and-mouth disease virus: rate of fixation of mutations, antigcnic change and interspecies transmission. Manuscript in preparation.
10.Samuel AR, Knowles NJ, Kitching RP. Serological and biochemical analysis of some recent tvpe A foot-and-mouth disease virus isolates from the Middle East. Epidemiol Infect 1988; 101: 577–90.
11.Martínez MA, Dopazo J, Hernandez J et al. , Evolution of the capsid protein genes of foot-and-mouth disease virus: antigenic variation without accumulation of amino acid substitutions over six decades. J Virol 1992; 66: 3557–65.
12.Rico-Hesse R, Pallansch MA, Nottay BK, Kew OM. Geographic distribution of wild poliovirus type 1 genotypes. Virology 1987; 160: 311–22.
13.Kinnunen L, Pöyry T, Hovi T. Generation of virus genetic lineages during an outbreak of poliomyelitis. J Gen Virol 1991; 72: 2483–9.
14.Laporte J, Groslaude J, Watyghem J, Bernard S, Rouze P. Neutralisation en culture cellulaire du pouvoir infectieux du virus de la fievre aphteuse par les serums provenant de pores imrnunisee a l'aide d'une proteine viral putifee. CR Seances Hebd Acad Sci Ser D 1973; 276: 3399–401.
15.Sobrino F, Martínez MA, Carrillo C, Beck E. Antigenic variation of foot-and-mouth disease virus of serotype C during propagation in the field is mainly restricted to only one structural protein (VP1). Virus Res 1989: 14: 273–80.
16.Fox G, Parry NR, Barnett PV, McGinn B, Rowlands DJ, Brown F. The cell attachment site on foot-and-mouth disease virus includes the amino acid sequence RGD (arginine-glycine-aspartic acid). J Gen Virol 1989; 70: 625–37.
17.Liebermann H, Dolling R, Schmidt D, Thalmann G. RGD-containing peptides of VPl of foot-and-mouth disease virus (FMDV) prevent virus infection in vitro. Acta Virol 1991; 35: 90–3.
18.Bittle JL., Houghten RA, Alexander H et al. , Protection against foot-and-mouth disease by immunization with a chemically synthesized peptide predicted from the viral nucleotide sequence. Nature 1982: 298: 30–3.
19.Pfaff E, Musgay M, Bohm HO, Schulz GE, Schaller H. Antibodies against a preselected peptide recognise and neutralize foot-and-mouth disease virus. EMBO J 1982; 1: 869–74.
20.Strohmaier K, Franze R, Adam KH. Location and characterisation of the antigenic portion of the FMDV immunizing protein. J Gen Virol 1982; 59: 295306.
21.Sütmoller P, Gaggero A. Foot-and-mouth disease carriers. Vet Rec 1965; 77: 968–9.
22.Sinclair ARE. The African buffalo. A study of resource limitation of populations. Chicago and London: The University of Chicago Press 1977: 156–65.
23.Beck E, Strohmaier K. Subtyping of European foot-and-mouth disease virus strains by nucleotide sequence determination. J Virol 1987; 61: 1621–9.
24.Saitou N, Nei M. The neighbour-joining method: a new method for reconstructing phylogenetic trees. Mol Biol Evol 1987; 4: 406–25.
25.Higgins DG, Bleasby AJ, Fuchs R. CLUSTALV: improved software for multiple sequence alignment. Comput Appl Biosci 1992; 8: 189–91.
26.Felsenstein J. Confidence limits on phylogenies: an approach using the bootstrap. Evolution 1985: 39: 783–91.
27.Brown AL, Campbell RO, Clarke BE. The nucleotide sequence of the structural-protein-coding region of foot-and-mouth disease virus serotype SAT3. Gene 1989; 75: 225–34.
28.Palmenberg AC. Sequence alignments of picornaviral capsid proteins. In: Semler BL, Ehrenfield E, eds. Molecular aspects of picornavirus infection and detection. Washington: American Society for Microbiology, 1989: 211–41.
29.Acharya R, Fry E, Stuart D, Fox G, Rowlands D, Brown F. The three-dimensional structure of foot-and-mouth disease virus at 2.9Å resolution. Nature 1989; 337: 709–16.
30.Acharya R, Fry E, Stuart D, Fox G, Rowlands D, Brown F. The structure of foot-and-mouth disease virus: implications for its physical and biological properties. Vet Microbiol 1990; 23: 2134.
31.Cheung A, Delamarter J, Weiss S, Küpper H. Comparison of the major antigenic determinants of different serotypes of foot-and-mouth disease virus. J Virol 1983; 48: 451–9.
32.Clarke BE, Sangar DV. Processing and assembly of foot-and-mouth disease virus proteins using subgenomic RNA. J Gen Virol 1988; 69: 2313–25.
33.Ryan MD, Belsham GJ, King AMQ. Specificity of enzyme-substrate interactions in foot-and-mouth disease virus polyprotein processing. Virology 1989; 173: 3545.
34.Hedger RS. Foot-and-mouth disease in wildlife with particular reference to the African buffalo (Syncerus coffer). In: Page LA, ed. Wildlife diseases. New York: Plenum Publishing Corporation, 1976: 235–44.
35.Vosloo W, Knowles NJ, Thomson GR. Phylogenetic relationships between foot-and-mouth disease viruses isolated during outbreaks in southern Africa, 19481993. Manuscript in preparation.
36.Robertson BH, Jansen RW, Khanna B et al. , Genetic relatedness of hepatitis A virus strains recovered from different geographical regions. J Gen Virol 1992; 73: 1365–77.
37.Pay TWF. Variation in foot-and-mouth disease: application to vaccination. Rev Sci Tech Off Int Epiz 1983; 2: 701–23.
Recommend this journal

Email your librarian or administrator to recommend adding this journal to your organisation's collection.

Epidemiology & Infection
  • ISSN: 0950-2688
  • EISSN: 1469-4409
  • URL: /core/journals/epidemiology-and-infection
Please enter your name
Please enter a valid email address
Who would you like to send this to? *
×

Metrics

Full text views

Total number of HTML views: 0
Total number of PDF views: 2 *
Loading metrics...

Abstract views

Total abstract views: 27 *
Loading metrics...

* Views captured on Cambridge Core between September 2016 - 24th October 2017. This data will be updated every 24 hours.