1.Tzabar, Y, Pennington, TH. The population structure and transmission of Escherichia coli in an isolated human community; studies on an Antarctic base. Epidemiol Infect 1991; 107: 537–42.
2.Maggs, AF, Pennington, TH. Temporal study of staphylococcal species on the skin of human subjects in isolation and clonal analysis of Staphylococcus capitis by sodium dodecyl sulphate–polyacrylamide gel electrophoresis. J Clin Microbiol 1989; 27: 2627–32.
3.Lacoux, PA, Jordens, JZ, Fenton, CM, Guiney, M, Pennington, TH. Characterization of enterococcal isolates by restriction enzyme analysis of genomic DNA. Epidemiol Infect 1992; 109: 69–80.
4.Kerr, GRD, Forbes, KJ, Pennington, TH. An analysis of the diversity of Haemophilus parainfluenzae in the adult human respiratory tract by genomic DNA fingerprinting. Epidemiol Infect 1993; 111: 89–98.
5.Shapiro, E, Ward, JI. The epidemiology and prevention of disease caused by Haemophilus influenzae type b. Epidemiol Rev 1991; 13: 113–42.
6.Lester, A, Pedersen, PB. Serious systemic infection caused by non-encapsulated Haemophilus influenzas biotype III in an adult. Scand J Infect Dis 1991; 23: 111–3.
7.Forbes, KJ, Morgan, MG, Williams, A, Gould, IM. Molecular epidemiology of invasive Haemophilus influenzae in Scotland. Communicable Diseases and Environmental Health in Scotland Weekly Report 1994; 28 (19): 4–9.
8.Duim, B, Dankert, J, Jansen, H, van Alphen, L. Genetic analysis of the diversity in outer membrane protein P2 of non-encapsulated Haemophilus influenzae. Microbial Pathogenesis 1993; 14: 451–62.
9.Forbes, KJ, Bruce, KD, Ball, A, Pennington, TH. Variation in length and sequence of porin (ompP2) alleles of non-capsulate Haemophilus influenzae. Mol Microbiol 1992; 6: 2107–12.
10.Hansen, EJ, Hasemann, C, Clausell, A et al. , Primary structure of the porin protein of Haemophilus influenzae type b determined by nucleotide sequence analysis. Infect Immun 1989; 57: 1100–7.
11.Munson, R, Tolan, RW. Molecular cloning, expression and primary sequence of outer membrane protein P2 of Haemophilus influenzae type b. Infect Immun 1989; 57: 88–94.
12.Kocagoz, T, Yilmaz, E, Ozkara, S et al. Detection of Mycobacterium tuberculosis in sputum samples by polymerase chain reaction using a simplified procedure. J Clin Microbiol 1993; 31: 1435–8.
13.Folguiera, L, Delgado, R.Palenque, E, Noriega, A. Detection of Mycobacterium tuberculosis DNA in clinical samples by using a simple lysis method and polymerase chain reaction. J Clin Microbiol 1993; 31: 1019–21.
14.Roosendaal, R, Walboomers, JMM, Veltmann, OR et al. Comparison of different primer sets for detection of Chlamydia trachomatis by the polymerase chain reaction. J Med Microbiol 1993; 38: 426–33.
15.Tamburrini, E, Mencarini, P, De Luca, A et al. Diagnosis of Pneumocystis carinii pneumonia: specificity and sensitivity of polymerase chain reaction in comparison with immunofluorescence in bronchoalveolar lavage specimens. J Med Microbiol 1993; 38: 449–53.
16.Luneberg, E, Jensen, JS, Frosch, M. Detection of Mycoplasma pneumonias by polymerase chain reaction and nonradioactive hybridization in microtiter plates. J Clin Microbiol 1993; 31: 1088–94.
17.Nguyen, AH, Engstrand, L, Genta, RM, Graham, DY, El-Zaatari, FAK. Detection of Helicobacter pylori in dental plaque by reverse transcription–polymerase chain reaction. J Clin Microbiol 1993; 31: 783–7.
18.Song, J, Cho, H, Park, MY et al. Detection of Salmonella typhi in the blood of patients with typhoid fever by polymerase chain reaction. J Clin Microbiol 1993; 31: 1439–43.
19.Johnson, JD.Butcher, PD.Savva, D, Holliman, RE. Application of the polymerase chain reaction to the diagnosis of human toxoplasmosis. J Infect 1993; 26: 147–58.
20.Van Ketel, RJ, De Wever, B.Van Alphen, L. Detection of Haemophilus influenzae in cerebrospinal fluids by polymerase chain reaction DNA amplification. J Med Microbiol 1990:33:271–6.
21.Forbes, KJ.Bruce, KD.Jordens, JZ, Ball, A, Pennington, TH. Rapid methods in bacterial DNA fingerprinting. J Gen Microbiol 1991; 137: 2051–8.
22.Edwards, U, Rogall, T.Blocker, H.Emde, M, Bottger, E. Isolation and direct complete nucleotide determination of entire genes. Characterisation of a gene coding for 16S ribosomal RNA. Nucleic Acid Res 1989; 17: 7843–53.
23.Sambrook, J.Fritsch, EF, Maniatis, T. Molecular cloning; a laboratory manual. Cold Spring Harbor: Cold Spring Habor laboratory, 1989.
24.Bjourson, AJ, Cooper, JE. Band-stab PCR: a simple technique for the purification of individual PCR products. Nucleic Acid Res 1992; 20: 4675.
25.Sikkema, DJ.Murphy, TF. Molecular analysis of the P2 porin protein of nontypable Haemophilus influenzae. Infect Immun 1992; 60: 5204–11.
26.Noble, WO, Somerville, DA. Major problems in dermatology. In: Microbiology of human skin, vol 2. Philadelphia: W. B. Saunders, 1974; 50–3.
27.Turk, DC, May, JR. Haemophilus influenzae. its clinical importance. 1st edn.English Universities Press Ltd, 1967: 18.
28.Takala, AK, Eskola, J, Leinonen, M et al. Reduction of oropharyngeal carriage of Haemophilus influenzae type B (Hib) in children immunized with an Hib conjugate vaccine. J Infect Dis 1991; 164: 982–6.
29.Masters, PL, Brumfitt, W, Mendez, RL. Bacterial flora of the upper respiratory tract in Paddington families, 1952–4. B M J 1958; 1200–5.
30.Kuklinska, D, Kilian, M. Relative proportions of Haemophilus species in the throat of healthy children and adults. Eur J Clin Microbiol 1984; 3: 249–52.
31.Turk, DC, May, JR. Haemophilus influenzae, its clinical importance. 1st edn.English Universities Press, 1967: 41—2.