This list contains references from the content that can be linked to their source. For a full set of references and notes please see the PDF or HTML where available.
2.AM Molesworth Where is the meningitis belt? Defining an area at risk of epidemic meningitis in Africa. Transactions of the Royal Society of Tropical Medicine and Hygiene 2002; 96: 242–249.
3.PS Moore . Meningococcal meningitis in sub-Saharan Africa: a model for the epidemic process. Clinical Infectious Diseases 1992; 14: 515–525.
5.L Roberts . An ill wind, bringing meningitis. Science 2008; 320: 1710–1715.
6.B Greenwood . Meningococcal meningitis in Africa. Transactions of the Royal Society of Tropical Medicine and Hygiene 1999; 93: 341–353.
9.JE Mueller , BD Gessner . A hypothetical explanatory model for meningococcal meningitis in the African meningitis belt. International Journal of Infectious Diseases 2009; 14: e553–e559.
10.JM Griffiss . Epidemic meningococcal disease: synthesis of a hypothetical immunoepidemiologic model. Reviews of Infectious Diseases 1982; 4: 159–172.
11.CL Trotter , BM Greenwood . Meningococcal carriage in the African meningitis belt. Lancet Infectious Diseases 2007; 7: 797–803.
13.CL Trotter , N Gay , W Edmunds . Dynamical models of meningococcal carriage, disease, and the impact of serogroup C conjugate vaccination. American Journal of Epidemiology 2005; 162: 89–100.
14.EA Edwards Immunological investigations of meningococcal disease III. Brevity of group C acquisition prior to disease occurence. Scandinavian Journal of Infectious Diseases 1977; 9: 105–110.
15.SM Altizer , Seasonality and the dynamics of infectious diseases. Ecology Letters 2006; 9: 467–484.
16.NC Grassly , C Fraser . Seasonal infectious disease epidemiology. Proceedings of the Royal Society of London, Series B: Biological Sciences 2006; 273: 2541–2550.
17.DJD Earn A simple model for complex dynamical transitions in epidemics. Science 2000; 287: 667–670.
19.LF Olsen , GL Truty , WM Schaffer . Oscillations and chaos in epidemics: a nonlinear dynamic study of six childhood diseases in Copenhagen, Denmark. Theoretical Population Biology 1988; 33: 344–370.
20.D He , DJD Earn . Epidemiological effects of seasonal oscillations in birth rates. Theoretical Population Biology 2007; 72: 274–291.
21.PA Kristiansen Baseline meningococcal carriage in Burkina Faso before the introduction of a meningococcal serogroup A conjugate vaccine. Clinical and Vaccine Immunology 2011; 18: 435–443.
22.I Goldschneider , EC Gotschlich , MS Artenstein . Human immunity to the meningococcus: II. Development of natural immunity. Journal of Experimental Medicine 1969; 129: 1327.
23.LB Reller , RR MacGregor , HN Beaty . Bactericidal antibody after colonization with Neisseria meningitidis. Journal of Infectious Diseases 1973; 127: 56–62.
24.AJ Pollard , C Frasch . Development of natural immunity to Neisseria meningitidis. Vaccine 2001; 19: 1327–1346.
25.C Dye , BG Williams . Criteria for the control of drug-resistant tuberculosis. Proceedings of the National Academy of Sciences USA 2000; 97: 8180–8185.
26.IS Blakebrough The epidemiology of infections due to Neisseria meningitidis and Neisseria lactamica in a northern Nigerian community. Journal of Infectious Diseases 1982; 146: 626–637.
28.DS Stephens , B Greenwood , P Brandtzaeg . Epidemic meningitis, meningococcaemia and Neisseria meningitidis. Lancet 2007; 369: 2196–2210.
30.B Ermentrout . Simulating, Analyzing, and Animating Dynamical Systems: A Guide to XPPAUT for Researchers and Students. Philadelphia: Society of Industrial and Applied Mathematics, 2002.
31.NC Grassly , C Fraser , GP Garnett . Host immunity and synchronized epidemics of syphilis across the United States. Nature 2005; 433: 417–421.
32.B Sultan Climate drives the meningitis epidemics onset in West Africa. PLoS Medicine 2005; 2: e6.
33.J Leimkugel Clonal waves of Neisseria colonisation and disease in the African meningitis belt: eight-year longitudinal study in northern Ghana. PLoS Medicine 2007; 4: e101.