1. World Health Organization. Cholera in 1997. Weekly Epidemiological Record 1998; 73: 201–208.
2. World Health Organization. Cholera in 1998. Weekly Epidemiological Record 1999; 74: 257–264.
3. World Health Organization. Cholera in 2004. Weekly Epidemiological Record 2005; 80: 257–264.
4. Dalsgaard A, et al. Vibrio cholerae O1 outbreak isolates in Mozambique and South Africa in 1998 are multiple-drug resistant, contain the SXT element and the aadA2 gene located on class 1 integrons. Journal of Antimicrobial Chemotherapy 2001; 48: 827–838.
5. Dalsgaard A, et al. Class 1 integron-borne, multiple-antibiotic resistance encoded by a 150-kilobase conjugative plasmid in epidemic Vibrio cholerae O1 strains isolated in Guinea-Bissau. Journal of Clinical Microbiology 2000; 38: 3774–3779.
6. Athan E, Donohue S, Durrheim D. A cholera outbreak and control in a rural region of South Africa. South African Medical Journal 1998; 88: 1306–1308.
7. Glass RI, et al. Emergence of multiply antibiotic-resistant Vibrio cholerae in Bangladesh. Journal of Infectious Diseases 1980; 142: 939–943.
8. Weber JT, et al. Epidemic cholera in Ecuador: multidrug-resistance and transmission by water and seafood. Epidemiology and Infection 1994; 112: 1–11.
9. Waldor MK, Tschape H, Mekalanos JJ. A new type of conjugative transposon encodes resistance to sulfamethoxazole, trimethoprim, and streptomycin in Vibrio cholerae O139. Journal of Bacteriology 1996; 178: 4157–4165.
10. Jones ME, et al. Widespread occurrence of integrons causing multiple antibiotic resistance in bacteria. Lancet 1997; 349: 1742–1743.
11. Dalsgaard A, et al. Cholera in Vietnam: changes in genotypes and emergence of class I integrons containing aminoglycoside resistance gene cassettes in Vibrio cholerae O1 strains isolated from 1979 to 1996. Journal of Clinical Microbiology 1999; 37: 734–741.
12. World Health Organization. Manual of Laboratory Investigations of Acute Enteric Infections. 1987; WHO/CDD/83.3 Rev.1.
13. National Committee for Clinical Laboratory Standards. Performance standards for antimicrobial disk susceptibility tests. NCCLS document M100-S10. Wayne, PA, 2000.
14. Garg P, et al. Expanding multiple antibiotic resistance among clinical strains of Vibrio cholerae isolated from 1992–1997 in Calcutta, India. Epidemiology and Infection 2000; 124: 393–399.
15. Kado CI, Liu ST. Rapid procedure for detection and isolation of large and small plasmids. Journal of Bacteriology 1981; 145: 1365–1373.
16. Talukder KA, et al. Phenotypic and genotypic characterization of serologically atypical strains of Shigella flexneri type 4 isolated in Dhaka, Bangladesh. Journal of Clinical Microbiology 2002; 40: 2940–2947.
17. Haider K, et al. Electropherotyping of plasmid DNA of different serotypes of Shigella flexneri isolated in Bangladesh. Epidemiology and Infection 1989; 102: 421–428.
18. Nusrin S, et al. Diverse CTX phages among toxigenic Vibrio cholerae O1 and O139 strains isolated between 1994 and 2002 in an area where cholera is endemic in Bangladesh. Journal of Clinical Microbiology 2004; 42: 5854–5856.
19. Nair GB, et al. New variants of Vibrio cholerae O1 biotype El Tor with attributes of the classical biotype from hospitalized patients with acute diarrhea in Bangladesh. Journal of Clinical Microbiology 2002; 40: 3296–3299.
20. Shi L, et al. Distribution and characterization of integrons in various serogroups of Vibrio cholerae strains isolated from diarrhoeal patients between 1992 and 2000 in Kolkata, India. Journal of Medical Microbiology 2006; 55: 575–583.
21. Burrus V, Waldor MK. Formation of SXT tandem arrays and SXT-R391 hybrides. Journal of Bacteriology 2004; 186: 2636–2645.
22. Glass RI, et al. Plasmid-borne multi-drug resistance in Vibrio cholerae serogroup O1 biotype El Tor: evidence for a point source outbreak in Bangladesh. Journal of Infectious Diseases 1983; 147: 204–209.
23. Tabtieng R, et al. An epidemic of V. cholerae El Tor Inaba resistant to several antibiotics with a conjugative group C plasmid coding for type II dihydrofolate reductase in Thailand. American Journal of Tropical Medicine and Hygiene 1989; 41: 680–686.
24. Finch MJ, et al. Epidemiology of antimicrobial resistant cholera in Kenya and East Africa. American Journal of Tropical Medicine and Hygiene 1988; 39: 484–490.
25. Jonson G, Holmgren J, Svennerholm AM. Identification of a mannose-binding pilus on Vibrio cholerae El Tor. Microbial Pathogenesis 1991; 11: 433–441.
26. Ansaruzzaman M, et al. Cholera in Mozambique, variant of Vibrio cholerae. Emerging Infectious Diseases 2004; 10: 2057–2059.