Skip to main content
    • Aa
    • Aa
  • Get access
    Check if you have access via personal or institutional login
  • Cited by 14
  • Cited by
    This article has been cited by the following publications. This list is generated based on data provided by CrossRef.

    Pandey, Rajan Kumar Prajapati, Priyanka Sharma, Tanu Mandal, Chandi C. and Prajapati, Vijay Kumar 2016. Epidemiological investigation of a jaundice outbreak in Kishangarh, Rajasthan, India, 2014. Journal of Public Health, Vol. 24, Issue. 2, p. 83.

    Sayed, Ibrahim M Vercauteren, Koen Abdelwahab, Sayed F and Meuleman, Philip 2015. The emergence of hepatitis E virus in Europe. Future Virology, Vol. 10, Issue. 6, p. 763.

    Gurley, E. S. Hossain, M. J. Paul, R. C. Sazzad, H. M. S. Islam, M. S. Parveen, S. Faruque, L. I. Husain, M. Ara, K. Jahan, Y. Rahman, M. and Luby, S. P. 2014. Outbreak of Hepatitis E in Urban Bangladesh Resulting in Maternal and Perinatal Mortality. Clinical Infectious Diseases, Vol. 59, Issue. 5, p. 658.

    Aggarwal, Rakesh 2013. Hepatitis E: Epidemiology and Natural History. Journal of Clinical and Experimental Hepatology, Vol. 3, Issue. 2, p. 125.

    Arankalle, Vidya A. 2012. Hepatitis E in India. Proceedings of the National Academy of Sciences, India Section B: Biological Sciences, Vol. 82, Issue. 1, p. 43.

    Bhatnagar, Tarun Gupte, Mohan D Hutin, Yvan J Kaur, Prabhdeep Kumaraswami, Vasanthapuram Manickam, Ponnaiah Murhekar, Manoj Ramachandran, Vidya and Ramakrishnan, Ramachandran 2012. Seven years of the field epidemiology training programme (FETP) at Chennai, Tamil Nadu, India: an internal evaluation. Human Resources for Health, Vol. 10, Issue. 1,

    Delarocque-Astagneau, E. Abravanel, F. Moshen, A. Le Fouler, L. Gad, R.R. El-Daly, M. Ibrahim, E.M. El-Aidy, S. Lashin, T. El-Hoseiny, M. Izopet, J. Mohamed, M.K. Fontanet, A. and Hamid, M. Abdel 2012. Epidemiological and virological characteristics of symptomatic acute hepatitis E in Greater Cairo, Egypt. Clinical Microbiology and Infection, Vol. 18, Issue. 10, p. 982.

    Aggarwal, Rakesh 2011. Hepatitis E: Historical, contemporary and future perspectives. Journal of Gastroenterology and Hepatology, Vol. 26, p. 72.

    Steyer, Andrej Naglič, Tina Močilnik, Tina Poljšak-Prijatelj, Mateja and Poljak, Mario 2011. Hepatitis E virus in domestic pigs and surface waters in Slovenia: Prevalence and molecular characterization of a novel genotype 3 lineage. Infection, Genetics and Evolution, Vol. 11, Issue. 7, p. 1732.

    Swain, Susanta K. Baral, Prameela Hutin, Yvan J. Rao, T. Venkat Murhekar, Manoj and Gupte, Mohan D. 2010. A hepatitis E outbreak caused by a temporary interruption in a municipal water treatment system, Baripada, Orissa, India, 2004. Transactions of the Royal Society of Tropical Medicine and Hygiene, Vol. 104, Issue. 1, p. 66.

    Vivek, Rosario Nihal, Lalit Illiayaraja, Jeyaram Reddy, Pawan K. Sarkar, Rajiv Eapen, C. E. and Kang, Gagandeep 2010. Investigation of an epidemic of Hepatitis E in Nellore in south India. Tropical Medicine & International Health, Vol. 15, Issue. 11, p. 1333.

    Aggarwal, Rakesh and Naik, Sita 2009. Epidemiology of hepatitis E: Current status. Journal of Gastroenterology and Hepatology, Vol. 24, Issue. 9, p. 1484.

    Martolia, Harish Chandra Singh Hutin, Yvan Ramachandran, Vidya Manickam, Ponniah Murhekar, Manoj and Gupte, Mohan 2009. An outbreak of hepatitis E tracked to a spring in the foothills of the Himalayas, India, 2005. Indian Journal of Gastroenterology, Vol. 28, Issue. 3, p. 99.

    NOAH, NORMAN 2009. Food poisoning from raw fruit and vegetables. Epidemiology and Infection, Vol. 137, Issue. 03, p. 305.


Outbreak of waterborne hepatitis E in Hyderabad, India, 2005

  • B. SAILAJA (a1), M. V. MURHEKAR (a1), Y. J. HUTIN (a1), S. KURUVA (a2), S. P. MURTHY (a3), K. S. JOWAHER REDDY (a4), G. MASTAN RAO (a5) and M. D. GUPTE (a1)
  • DOI:
  • Published online: 01 July 2008

A large outbreak of hepatitis E occurred in 2005 in Hyderabad, Andhra Pradesh, India. A total of 1611 cases were reported between 1 March and 31 December 2005 (attack rate 40/100 000). The epidemic curve suggested a continuing common source outbreak. Cases were centred around open sewage drains that crossed the old city. The attack rate was significantly higher in neighbourhood blocks supplied by water supply lines that crossed open drains (203/100 000) than in blocks supplied by non-crossing water pipes with a linear trend (38/100 000, P<0·00001). Crossing water pipelines were repaired and the attack rates declined.

Corresponding author
*Author for correspondence: Dr M. D. Gupte, R-127, Tamilnadu Housing Board, Ayapakkam, Ambattur, Chennai 600 070, Tamilnadu, India. (Email:
Linked references
Hide All

This list contains references from the content that can be linked to their source. For a full set of references and notes please see the PDF or HTML where available.

1.AL Labrique , Hepatitis E: an emerging infectious disease. Epidemiologic Reviews 1999; 21: 162179.

2.MP Shrestha , Safety and efficacy of a recombinant hepatitis E vaccine. New England Journal of Medicine 2007; 356: 895903.

3.K Krawczynski . Hepatitis E vaccine – Ready for prime time? New England Journal of Medicine 2007; 356: 949951.

10.S Vrati , An epidemic of non-A, non-B hepatitis in South Delhi: epidemiological studies and transmission of the disease to rhesus monkeys. Archives of Virology 1992; 125: 319326.

18.JP Guthmann , A large outbreak of hepatitis E among a displaced population in Darfur, Sudan, 2004: the role of water treatment methods. Clinical Infectious Diseases 2006; 42: 16851691.

27.R Aggarwal , SR Naik . Hepatitis E: interfamilial transmission versus waterborne spread. Journal of Hepatology 1994; 21: 718723.

Recommend this journal

Email your librarian or administrator to recommend adding this journal to your organisation's collection.

Epidemiology & Infection
  • ISSN: 0950-2688
  • EISSN: 1469-4409
  • URL: /core/journals/epidemiology-and-infection
Please enter your name
Please enter a valid email address
Who would you like to send this to? *