Skip to main content Accessibility help
×
Home
Hostname: page-component-7ccbd9845f-vmftn Total loading time: 0.287 Render date: 2023-01-29T10:21:47.008Z Has data issue: true Feature Flags: { "useRatesEcommerce": false } hasContentIssue true

Regional differences in presentation of AIDS in Europe

Published online by Cambridge University Press:  03 November 2000

A. BLAXHULT
Affiliation:
Department of Infectious Diseases, Karolinska Hospital, 171 76 Stockholm, Sweden
O. KIRK
Affiliation:
Hvidovre Hospital, Copenhagen, Denmark
C. PEDERSEN
Affiliation:
Odense University Hospital, Odense, Denmark
M. DIETRICH
Affiliation:
Bernhard Nocht Institute, Hamburg, Germany
S. E. BARTON
Affiliation:
St Stephen's Clinic, London, UK
J. M. GATELL
Affiliation:
Hospital Clinic i Provincial, Barcelona, Spain
F. MULCAHY
Affiliation:
St. James Hospital, Dublin, Ireland
B. HIRSCHEL
Affiliation:
Hospital Cantonal Universitaire, Geneva, Switzerland
A. MOCROFT
Affiliation:
Royal Free Hospital Centre for HIV Medicine, London, UK
J. D. LUNDGREN
Affiliation:
Hvidovre Hospital, Copenhagen, Denmark
Rights & Permissions[Opens in a new window]

Abstract

HTML view is not available for this content. However, as you have access to this content, a full PDF is available via the ‘Save PDF’ action button.

Data were collected on 6578 patients diagnosed with AIDS at 52 clinical centres in 17 European countries during an 11-year period from 1979 to 1989. The centres were divided into four regions, North, Central, Southeast, and Southwest. Differences in the incidence of most AIDS-defining opportunistic infections and malignancies were found. After adjusting for known possible confounders, statistically significant differences between regions remained. Pneumocystis carinii pneumonia (PCP) was more common in Northern Europe, Kaposi's sarcoma and toxoplasmosis in Central Europe, cytomegalovirus retinitis in South-eastern Europe, and extrapulmonary tuberculosis in South-western Europe. These differences we attribute primarily to different degrees of exposure to the respective underlying pathogens. The prevalence of these and other micro-organisms will determine the clinical course of HIV infections in parts of Eastern Europe and elsewhere where the virus now is spreading.

Type
Research Article
Copyright
© 2000 Cambridge University Press
You have Access
9
Cited by

Save article to Kindle

To save this article to your Kindle, first ensure coreplatform@cambridge.org is added to your Approved Personal Document E-mail List under your Personal Document Settings on the Manage Your Content and Devices page of your Amazon account. Then enter the ‘name’ part of your Kindle email address below. Find out more about saving to your Kindle.

Note you can select to save to either the @free.kindle.com or @kindle.com variations. ‘@free.kindle.com’ emails are free but can only be saved to your device when it is connected to wi-fi. ‘@kindle.com’ emails can be delivered even when you are not connected to wi-fi, but note that service fees apply.

Find out more about the Kindle Personal Document Service.

Regional differences in presentation of AIDS in Europe
Available formats
×

Save article to Dropbox

To save this article to your Dropbox account, please select one or more formats and confirm that you agree to abide by our usage policies. If this is the first time you used this feature, you will be asked to authorise Cambridge Core to connect with your Dropbox account. Find out more about saving content to Dropbox.

Regional differences in presentation of AIDS in Europe
Available formats
×

Save article to Google Drive

To save this article to your Google Drive account, please select one or more formats and confirm that you agree to abide by our usage policies. If this is the first time you used this feature, you will be asked to authorise Cambridge Core to connect with your Google Drive account. Find out more about saving content to Google Drive.

Regional differences in presentation of AIDS in Europe
Available formats
×
×

Reply to: Submit a response

Please enter your response.

Your details

Please enter a valid email address.

Conflicting interests

Do you have any conflicting interests? *