Skip to main content
×
Home
    • Aa
    • Aa
  • Get access
    Check if you have access via personal or institutional login
  • Cited by 5
  • Cited by
    This article has been cited by the following publications. This list is generated based on data provided by CrossRef.

    Korver, Doug and McMullen, Lynn 2017. Producing Safe Eggs.


    Hulaj, B. Çabeli, P. Goga, I. Taylor, N. Hess, C. and Hess, M. l. 2016. Survey of the prevalence of Salmonella species on laying hen farms in Kosovo. Poultry Science, Vol. 95, Issue. 9, p. 2030.


    Varga, Csaba Pearl, David L. McEwen, Scott A. Sargeant, Jan M. Pollari, Frank and Guerin, Michele T. 2015. Spatial-temporal epidemiology of human Salmonella Enteritidis infections with major phage types (PTs 1, 4, 5b, 8, 13, and 13a) in Ontario, Canada, 2008–2009. BMC Public Health, Vol. 15, Issue. 1,


    Im, Min Chan Jeong, So Jeong Kwon, Yong-Kuk Jeong, Ok-Mi Kang, Min-Su and Lee, Young Ju 2015. Prevalence and characteristics ofSalmonellaspp. isolated from commercial layer farms in Korea. Poultry Science, Vol. 94, Issue. 7, p. 1691.


    Kulshreshtha, Garima Borza, Tudor Rathgeber, Bruce Stratton, Glenn S. Thomas, Nikhil A. Critchley, Alan Hafting, Jeff and Prithiviraj, Balakrishnan 2016. Red Seaweeds Sarcodiotheca gaudichaudii and Chondrus crispus down Regulate Virulence Factors of Salmonella Enteritidis and Induce Immune Responses in Caenorhabditis elegans. Frontiers in Microbiology, Vol. 7,


    ×

Risk factors for sporadic domestically acquired Salmonella serovar Enteritidis infections: a case-control study in Ontario, Canada, 2011

  • D. MIDDLETON (a1) (a2), R. SAVAGE (a1), M. K. TIGHE (a1), L. VRBOVA (a1) (a3) (a4), R. WALTON (a1) (a2) (a3), Y. WHITFIELD (a1) (a5), C. VARGA (a6) (a7), B. LEE (a1) (a5), L. ROSELLA (a1) (a2), B. DHAR (a1), C. JOHNSON (a1) (a2), R. AHMED (a8), V. G. ALLEN (a1) and N. S. CROWCROFT (a1) (a2)
  • DOI: http://dx.doi.org/10.1017/S0950268813001945
  • Published online: 13 September 2013
Abstract
SUMMARY

In Ontario, Canada, the number of Salmonella Enteritidis (SE) cases increased over the years 2005–2010. A population-based case-control study was undertaken from January to August 2011 for the purpose of identifying risk factors for acquiring illness due to SE within Ontario. A total of 199 cases and 241 controls were enrolled. After adjustment for confounders, consuming any poultry meat [adjusted odds ratio (aOR) 2·24, 95% confidence interval (CI) 1·31–3·83], processed chicken (aOR 3·32, 95% CI 1·26–8·76) and not washing hands following handling of raw eggs (OR 2·82, 95% CI 1·48–5·37) were significantly associated with SE infection. The population attributable fraction was 46% for any poultry meat consumption and 10% for processed chicken. Poultry meat continues to be identified as a risk factor for SE illness. Control of SE at source, as well as proper food handling practices, are required to reduce the number of SE cases.

Copyright
Corresponding author
*Author for correspondence: Dr D. Middleton, Public Health Ontario, 3rd Floor, 480 University Avenue, Toronto, ON, Canada, M5G 1V2. (Email: Dean.Middleton@oahpp.ca)
Linked references
Hide All

This list contains references from the content that can be linked to their source. For a full set of references and notes please see the PDF or HTML where available.


2. MKThomas , Estimated numbers of community cases of illness due to Salmonella, Campylobacter and Verotoxigenic Escherichia Coli: pathogen-specific community rates. Canadian Journal of Infectious Diseases & Medical Microbiology 2006; 17: 229234.

12.SF Altekruse , Salmonella enteritidis in broiler chickens, United States, 2000–2005. Emerging Infectious Disease 2006; 12: 18481852.


14.AC Kimura , Chicken consumption is a newly identified risk factor for sporadic Salmonella enterica serotype Enteritidis infections in the United States: a case-control study in FoodNet sites. Clinical Infectious Diseases 2004; 38 (Suppl. 3): S244S252.


17.MK Tighe , The epidemiology of travel-related Salmonella Enteritidis in Ontario, Canada, 2010–2011. BMC Public Health 2012; 12: 310.


22. BRockhill , BNewman , CWeinberg . Use and misuse of population attributable fractions. American Journal of Public Health 1998; 88: 1519.

23.S Greenland , K Drescher . Maximum likelihood estimation of the attributable fraction from logistic models. Biometrics 1993; 49: 865872.

24.SJ Chai , Salmonella enterica serotype Enteritidis: increasing incidence of domestically acquired infections. Clinical Infectious Diseases 2012; 54 Suppl 5: S488–97.


33. KMolbak , JNiemann . Risk factors for sporadic infection with Salmonella enteritidis, Denmark, 1997–1999. American Journal of Epidemiology 2002; 156: 654661.

35.M Taylor , Investigation of the concurrent emergence of Salmonella enteritidis in humans and poultry in British Columbia, Canada, 2008–2010. Zoonoses and Public Health 2012; 59: 584592.

Recommend this journal

Email your librarian or administrator to recommend adding this journal to your organisation's collection.

Epidemiology & Infection
  • ISSN: 0950-2688
  • EISSN: 1469-4409
  • URL: /core/journals/epidemiology-and-infection
Please enter your name
Please enter a valid email address
Who would you like to send this to? *
×

Keywords: