Skip to main content
×
Home
    • Aa
    • Aa
  • Get access
    Check if you have access via personal or institutional login
  • Cited by 19
  • Cited by
    This article has been cited by the following publications. This list is generated based on data provided by CrossRef.

    MILAZZO, A. GILES, L. C. ZHANG, Y. KOEHLER, A. P. HILLER, J. E. and BI, P. 2016. The effect of temperature on different Salmonella serotypes during warm seasons in a Mediterranean climate city, Adelaide, Australia. Epidemiology and Infection, Vol. 144, Issue. 06, p. 1231.


    Guo, Zhinan Su, Cheng hao Huang, Jianwei and Niu, JianJun 2015. A Food-Borne Outbreak of Gastroenteritis Caused by Different <i>Salmonella</i> Serotypes in 2 Universities in Xiamen, Fujian, China, in 2012. Japanese Journal of Infectious Diseases, Vol. 68, Issue. 3, p. 187.


    Sánchez, A.S. Cohim, E. and Kalid, R.A. 2015. A review on physicochemical and microbiological contamination of roof-harvested rainwater in urban areas. Sustainability of Water Quality and Ecology, Vol. 6, p. 119.


    de Kwaadsteniet, M. Dobrowsky, P. H. van Deventer, A. Khan, W. and Cloete, T. E. 2013. Domestic Rainwater Harvesting: Microbial and Chemical Water Quality and Point-of-Use Treatment Systems. Water, Air, & Soil Pollution, Vol. 224, Issue. 7,


    Green, Michelle and Fitzsimmons, Gerard 2013. The OzFoodNet story: 2000 to present day. Microbiology Australia, Vol. 34, Issue. 2, p. 59.


    Zottola, T. Montagnaro, S. Magnapera, C. Sasso, S. De Martino, L. Bragagnolo, A. D’Amici, L. Condoleo, R. Pisanelli, G. Iovane, G. and Pagnini, U. 2013. Prevalence and antimicrobial susceptibility of Salmonella in European wild boar (Sus scrofa); Latium Region – Italy. Comparative Immunology, Microbiology and Infectious Diseases, Vol. 36, Issue. 2, p. 161.


    DOMINGUES, A. R. PIRES, S. M. HALASA, T. and HALD, T. 2012. Source attribution of human salmonellosis using a meta-analysis of case-control studies of sporadic infections. Epidemiology and Infection, Vol. 140, Issue. 06, p. 959.


    Fullerton, Kathleen E. Scallan, Elaine Kirk, Martyn D. Mahon, Barbara E. Angulo, Frederick J. de Valk, Henriette van Pelt, Wilfrid Gauci, Charmaine Hauri, Anja M. Majowicz, Shannon and O'Brien, for the International Coll, Sarah J. 2012. Case-Control Studies of Sporadic Enteric Infections: A Review and Discussion of Studies Conducted Internationally from 1990 to 2009. Foodborne Pathogens and Disease, Vol. 9, Issue. 4, p. 281.


    Levantesi, Caterina Bonadonna, Lucia Briancesco, Rossella Grohmann, Elisabeth Toze, Simon and Tandoi, Valter 2012. Salmonella in surface and drinking water: Occurrence and water-mediated transmission. Food Research International, Vol. 45, Issue. 2, p. 587.


    Staff, Michael Musto, Jennie Hogg, Geoff Janssen, Monika and Rose, Karrie 2012. Salmonellosis Outbreak Traced to Playground Sand, Australia, 2007–2009. Emerging Infectious Diseases, Vol. 18, Issue. 7, p. 1159.


    Kirk, Martyn D. Lalor, Karin Raupach, Jane Combs, Barry Stafford, Russell Hall, Gillian V. and Becker, Niels 2011. Food- and Waterborne Disease Outbreaks in Australian Long-Term Care Facilities, 2001–2008. Foodborne Pathogens and Disease, Vol. 8, Issue. 1, p. 133.


    McMeekin, T.A. Hill, C. Wagner, M. Dahl, A. and Ross, T. 2010. Ecophysiology of food-borne pathogens: Essential knowledge to improve food safety. International Journal of Food Microbiology, Vol. 139, p. S64.


    Carroll, Therese F. Staff, Michael and Kirk, Martyn D. 2009. Bug Breakfast in theBulletin:Salmonella: pits and pets. New South Wales Public Health Bulletin, Vol. 20, Issue. 12, p. 197.


    FRANKLIN, L. J. FIELDING, J. E. GREGORY, J. GULLAN, L. LIGHTFOOT, D. POZNANSKI, S. Y. and VALLY, H. 2009. An outbreak of Salmonella Typhimurium 9 at a school camp linked to contamination of rainwater tanks. Epidemiology and Infection, Vol. 137, Issue. 03, p. 434.


    Gamazo, C. Solano, C. and Lasa, I. 2009. Biofilms in the Food and Beverage Industries.


    Lye, Dennis J. 2009. Rooftop runoff as a source of contamination: A review. Science of The Total Environment, Vol. 407, Issue. 21, p. 5429.


    Gyang, Anthony and Saunders, Michael 2008. Salmonella Mississippi: a rare cause of second trimester miscarriage. Archives of Gynecology and Obstetrics, Vol. 277, Issue. 5, p. 437.


    Kirk, Martyn D. McKay, Ian Hall, Gill V. Dalton, Craig B. Stafford, Russell Unicomb, Leanne and Gregory, Joy 2008. Food Safety: Foodborne Disease in Australia: The OzFoodNet Experience. Clinical Infectious Diseases, Vol. 47, Issue. 3, p. 392.


    Lévesque, B. Pereg, D. Watkinson, E. Maguire, J.S. Bissonnette, L. Gingras, S. Rouja, P. Bergeron, M.G. and Dewailly, É. 2008. Assessment of microbiological quality of drinking water from household tanks in Bermuda. Canadian Journal of Microbiology, Vol. 54, Issue. 6, p. 495.


    ×

Salmonella Mississippi infections in Tasmania: the role of native Australian animals and untreated drinking water

  • R. ASHBOLT (a1) and M. D. KIRK (a2)
  • DOI: http://dx.doi.org/10.1017/S0950268806006224
  • Published online: 01 May 2006
Abstract

Salmonella Mississippi infections are very common in Australia's island state – Tasmania – with an annual rate of 17 cases/100000 population. A case-control study conducted during 2001–2002 found single variable associations with indirect exposure to many native animal species, untreated drinking water, travelling within the state, hand–mouth behaviours and contact with pet faeces. No associations were detected with farm animal or pet species or with any food. Indirect contact with native birds, untreated drinking water and travel within the state remained significant predictors of infection in the final model with population attributable fractions of 0·57 and 0·54 for native animals and untreated drinking water respectively. In Tasmania, Australian wildlife species are the likely reservoir for S. Mississippi, contaminating land and water environments. To decrease infection rates requires treatment of water supplies, particularly private rainwater collection systems and advising people to wash their hands after being outdoors and prior to eating.

Copyright
Corresponding author
Office of Health Protection, Department of Health and Ageing, MDP 15, GPO Box 9848, Canberra City, ACT 2601, Australia. (Email: martyn.kirk@health.gov.au)
Recommend this journal

Email your librarian or administrator to recommend adding this journal to your organisation's collection.

Epidemiology & Infection
  • ISSN: 0950-2688
  • EISSN: 1469-4409
  • URL: /core/journals/epidemiology-and-infection
Please enter your name
Please enter a valid email address
Who would you like to send this to? *
×