Skip to main content
×
Home
    • Aa
    • Aa
  • Get access
    Check if you have access via personal or institutional login
  • Cited by 8
  • Cited by
    This article has been cited by the following publications. This list is generated based on data provided by CrossRef.

    Diedrich, Alice Schlegl, Sandra Greetfeld, Martin Fumi, Markus and Voderholzer, Ulrich 2016. Intensive inpatient treatment for bulimia nervosa: Statistical and clinical significance of symptom changes. Psychotherapy Research, p. 1.


    Schmidt, Ulrike Adan, Roger Böhm, Ilka Campbell, Iain C Dingemans, Alexandra Ehrlich, Stefan Elzakkers, Isis Favaro, Angela Giel, Katrin Harrison, Amy Himmerich, Hubertus Hoek, Hans W Herpertz-Dahlmann, Beate Kas, Martien J Seitz, Jochen Smeets, Paul Sternheim, Lot Tenconi, Elena van Elburg, Annemarie van Furth, Eric and Zipfel, Stephan 2016. Eating disorders: the big issue. The Lancet Psychiatry, Vol. 3, Issue. 4, p. 313.


    Supina, Dylan Herman, Barry K. Frye, Carla B. and Shillington, Alicia C. 2016. Knowledge of binge eating disorder: a cross-sectional survey of physicians in the United States. Postgraduate Medicine, Vol. 128, Issue. 3, p. 311.


    Treasure, Janet and Nazar, Bruno Palazzo 2016. Interventions for the Carers of Patients With Eating Disorders. Current Psychiatry Reports, Vol. 18, Issue. 2,


    Copeland, William E. Bulik, Cynthia M. Zucker, Nancy Wolke, Dieter Lereya, Suzet Tanya and Costello, Elizabeth Jane 2015. Does childhood bullying predict eating disorder symptoms? A prospective, longitudinal analysis. International Journal of Eating Disorders, Vol. 48, Issue. 8, p. 1141.


    Micali, Nadia Solmi, Francesca Horton, Nicholas J. Crosby, Ross D. Eddy, Kamryn T. Calzo, Jerel P. Sonneville, Kendrin R. Swanson, Sonja A. and Field, Alison E. 2015. Adolescent Eating Disorders Predict Psychiatric, High-Risk Behaviors and Weight Outcomes in Young Adulthood. Journal of the American Academy of Child & Adolescent Psychiatry, Vol. 54, Issue. 8, p. 652.


    Treasure, Janet Stein, Daniel and Maguire, Sarah 2015. Has the time come for a staging model to map the course of eating disorders from high risk to severe enduring illness? An examination of the evidence. Early Intervention in Psychiatry, Vol. 9, Issue. 3, p. 173.


    Thomas, Jennifer J. Koh, Katherine A. Eddy, Kamryn T. Hartmann, Andrea S. Murray, Helen B. Gorman, Mark J. Sogg, Stephanie and Becker, Anne E. 2014. DoDSM-5Eating Disorder Criteria Overpathologize Normative Eating Patterns among Individuals with Obesity?. Journal of Obesity, Vol. 2014, p. 1.


    ×

A comparative analysis of role attainment and impairment in binge-eating disorder and bulimia nervosa: results from the WHO World Mental Health Surveys

  • R.C. Kessler (a1), V. Shahly (a1), J.I. Hudson (a2), D. Supina (a3), P.A. Berglund (a4), W.T. Chiu (a1), M. Gruber (a1), S. Aguilar-Gaxiola (a5), J. Alonso (a6), L.H. Andrade (a7), C. Benjet (a8), R. Bruffaerts (a9), G. de Girolamo (a10), R. de Graaf (a11), S.E. Florescu (a12), J.M. Haro (a13), S.D. Murphy (a14), J. Posada-Villa (a15), K. Scott (a16) and M. Xavier (a17)
  • DOI: http://dx.doi.org/10.1017/S2045796013000516
  • Published online: 19 September 2013
Abstract
Background.

Cross-national population data from the WHO World Mental Health surveys are used to compare role attainments and role impairments associated with binge-eating disorder (BED) and bulimia nervosa (BN).

Methods.

Community surveys assessed 23 000 adults across 12 countries for BED, BN and ten other DSM-IV mental disorders using the WHO Composite International Diagnostic Interview. Age-of-onset was assessed retrospectively. Ten physical disorders were assessed using standard conditions checklists. Analyses examined reciprocal time-lagged associations of eating disorders (EDs) with education, associations of early-onset (i.e., prior to completing education) EDs with subsequent adult role attainments and cross-sectional associations of current EDs with days of role impairment.

Results.

BED and BN predicted significantly increased education (females). Student status predicted increased risk of subsequent BED and BN (females). Early-onset BED predicted reduced odds of current (at time of interview) marriage (females) and reduced odds of current employment (males). Early-onset BN predicted increased odds of current work disability (females and males). Current BED and BN were both associated with significantly increased days of role impairment (females and males). Significant BED and BN effects on adult role attainments and impairments were explained by controls for comorbid disorders.

Conclusions.

Effects of BED on role attainments and impairments are comparable with those of BN. The most plausible interpretation of the fact that these associations are explained by comorbid disorders is that causal effects of EDs are mediated through secondary disorders. Controlled treatment effectiveness studies are needed to trace out long-term effects of BED–BN on secondary disorders.

Copyright
Corresponding author
*Address for correspondence: R.C. Kessler, Department of Health Care Policy, Harvard Medical School, 180 Longwood Avenue, Boston, MA, USA. (Email: Kessler@hcp.med.harvard.edu)
Linked references
Hide All

This list contains references from the content that can be linked to their source. For a full set of references and notes please see the PDF or HTML where available.

M Baker , M Stabile , C Deri (2001). What do self-reported, objective, measures of health measure? Journal of Human Resources 39, 10671093.

F Brambilla , P Monteleone (2003). Physical complications and physiological aberrations in eating disorders: a review. In Eating Disorders (ed. M Maj, K Halmi, JJ Lopez-Ibor and N Sartorius), pp. 139193. John Wiley & Sons: New York, NY.

J Breslau , E Miller , R Jin , NA Sampson , J Alonso , LH Andrade , EJ Bromet , G de Girolamo , K Demyttenaere , J Fayyad , A Fukao , M Galaon , O Gureje , Y He , HR Hinkov , C Hu , V Kovess-Masfety , H Matschinger , ME Medina-Mora , J Ormel , J Posada-Villa , R Sagar , KM Scott , RC Kessler (2011). A multinational study of mental disorders, marriage, and divorce. Acta Psychiatrica Scandinavica 124, 474486.

KA Brownley , ND Berkman , JA Sedway , KN Lohr , CM Bulik (2007). Binge eating disorder treatment: a systematic review of randomized controlled trials. International Journal of Eating Disorders 40, 337348.

CM Bulik , PF Sullivan , KS Kendler (2000). An empirical study of the classification of eating disorders. American Journal of Psychiatry 157, 886895.

MB Buntin , AM Zaslavsky (2004). Too much ado about two-part models and transformation? Comparing methods of modeling Medicare expenditures. Journal of Health Economics 23, 525542.

AS Cain , AM Bardone-Cone , LY Abramson , KD Vohs , TE Joiner (2008). Refining the relationships of perfectionism, self-efficacy, and stress to dieting and binge eating: examining the appearance, interpersonal, and academic domains. International Journal of Eating Disorders 41, 713721.

AC Cameron , PK Trivedi (1998). Regression Analysis of Count Data. Cambridge University Press: New York, NY.

KT Eddy , RD Crosby , PK Keel , SA Wonderlich , D le Grange , L Hill , P Powers , JE Mitchell (2009). Empirical identification and validation of eating disorder phenotypes in a multisite clinical sample. Journal of Nervous and Mental Disease 197, 4149.

K Eum , KG Rice (2011). Test anxiety, perfectionism, goal orientation, and academic performance. Anxiety, Stress, and Coping 24, 167178.

CG Fairburn , Z Cooper , HA Doll , P Norman , M O'Connor (2000). The natural course of bulimia nervosa and binge eating disorder in young women. Archives of General Psychiatry 57, 659665.

AG Ferrier-Auerbach , MP Martens (2009). Perceived incompetence moderates the relationship between maladaptive perfectionism and disordered eating. Eating Disorders 17, 333344.

MM Fichter , N Quadflieg , S Hedlund (2008). Long-term course of binge eating disorder and bulimia nervosa: relevance for nosology and diagnostic criteria. International Journal of Eating Disorders 41, 577586.

C Forrester-Knauss , E Zemp Stutz (2012). Gender differences in disordered eating and weight dissatisfaction in Swiss adults: which factors matter? BMC Public Health 12, 809.

KC Fragkos , CC Frangos (2013). Assessing eating disorder risk: the pivotal role of achievement anxiety, depression and female gender in non-clinical samples. Nutrients 5, 811828.

B Gerner , PH Wilson (2005). The relationship between friendship factors and adolescent girls' body image concern, body dissatisfaction, and restrained eating. International Journal of Eating Disorders 37, 313320.

R Glynn Owens , PD Slade (2008). So perfect it's positively harmful? Reflections on the adaptiveness and maladaptiveness of positive and negative perfectionism. Behavior Modification 32, 928937.

JM Haro , S Arbabzadeh-Bouchez , TS Brugha , G de Girolamo , ME Guyer , R Jin , JP Lepine , F Mazzi , B Reneses , G Vilagut , NA Sampson , RC Kessler (2006). Concordance of the Composite International Diagnostic Interview Version 3.0 (CIDI 3.0) with standardized clinical assessments in the WHO World Mental Health surveys. International Journal of Methods in Psychiatric Research 15, 167180.

P Hay (1998). The epidemiology of eating disorder behaviors: an Australian community-based survey. International Journal of Eating Disorders 23, 371382.

S Helfert , P Warschburger (2013). The face of appearance-related social pressure: gender, age and body mass variations in peer and parental pressure during adolescence. Child and Adolescent Psychiatry and Mental Health 7, 16.

W Herzog , HC Deter , W Fiehn , E Petzold (1997). Medical findings and predictors of long-term physical outcome in anorexia nervosa: a prospective, 12-year follow-up study. Psychological Medicine 27, 269279.

A Hilbert , KM Pike , DE Wilfley , CG Fairburn , FA Dohm , RH Striegel-Moore (2011). Clarifying boundaries of binge eating disorder and psychiatric comorbidity: a latent structure analysis. Behaviour Research and Therapy 49, 202211.

JI Hudson , E Hiripi , HG Pope Jr., RC Kessler (2007). The prevalence and correlates of eating disorders in the National Comorbidity Survey Replication. Biological Psychiatry 61, 348358.

JI Hudson , JK Lalonde , CE Coit , MT Tsuang , SL McElroy , SJ Crow , CM Bulik , MS Hudson , JA Yanovski , NR Rosenthal , HG Pope Jr. (2010). Longitudinal study of the diagnosis of components of the metabolic syndrome in individuals with binge-eating disorder. American Journal of Clinical Nutrition 91, 15681573.

JG Johnson , P Cohen , S Kasen , JS Brook (2002). Eating disorders during adolescence and the risk for physical and mental disorders during early adulthood. Archives of General Psychiatry 59, 545552.

DC Jones , JK Crawford (2006). The peer appearance culture during adolescence: gender and body mass variations. Journal of Youth and Adolescence 35, 243255.

N Kawakami , EA Abdulghani , J Alonso , EJ Bromet , R Bruffaerts , JM Caldas-de-Almeida , WT Chiu , G de Girolamo , R de Graaf , J Fayyad , F Ferry , S Florescu , O Gureje , C Hu , MD Lakoma , W Leblanc , S Lee , D Levinson , S Malhotra , H Matschinger , ME Medina-Mora , Y Nakamura , MA Oakley Browne , M Okoliyski , J Posada-Villa , NA Sampson , MC Viana , RC Kessler (2012). Early-life mental disorders and adult household income in the World Mental Health Surveys. Biological Psychiatry 72, 228237.

PK Keel , TA Brown , J Holm-Denoma , LP Bodell (2011). Comparison of DSM-IV versus proposed DSM-5 diagnostic criteria for eating disorders: reduction of eating disorder not otherwise specified and validity. International Journal of Eating Disorders 44, 553560.

RC Kessler , RH Price (1993). Primary prevention of secondary disorders: a proposal and agenda. American Journal of Community Psychology 21, 607633.

RC Kessler , TB Üstün (2004). The World Mental Health (WMH) Survey Initiative Version of the World Health Organization (WHO) Composite International Diagnostic Interview (CIDI). International Journal of Methods in Psychiatric Research 13, 93121.

RC Kessler , J Ormel , O Demler , PE Stang (2003). Comorbid mental disorders account for the role impairment of commonly occurring chronic physical disorders: results from the National Comorbidity Survey. Journal of Occupational and Environmental Medicine 45, 12571266.

RC Kessler , PA Berglund , WT Chiu , AC Deitz , JI Hudson , V Shahly , S Aguilar-Gaxiola , J Alonso , MC Angermeyer , C Benjet , R Bruffaerts , G de Girolamo , R de Graaf , JM Haro , V Kovess-Masfety , S O'Neill , J Posada-Villa , C Sasu , K Scott , MC Viana , M Xavier (2013). The prevalence and correlates of binge eating disorder in the World Health Organization World Mental Health Surveys. Biological Psychiatry 73, 904914.

JF Kinzl , C Traweger , E Trefalt , B Mangweth , W Biebl (1999). Binge eating disorder in males: a population-based investigation. Eating and Weight Disorders 4, 169174.

B Knäuper , CF Cannell , N Schwarz , ML Bruce , RC Kessler (1999). Improving accuracy of major depression age-of-onset reports in the US National Comorbidity Survey. International Journal of Methods in Psychiatric Research 8, 3948.

M Knight , S Stewart-Brown , L Fletcher (2001). Estimating health needs: the impact of a checklist of conditions and quality of life measurement on health information derived from community surveys. Journal of Public Health Medicine 23, 179186.

L Leenaars , D Lester (2006). Perfectionism, depression, and academic performance. Psychological Reports 99, 941942.

D Levinson , MD Lakoma , M Petukhova , M Schoenbaum , AM Zaslavsky , M Angermeyer , G Borges , R Bruffaerts , G de Girolamo , R de Graaf , O Gureje , JM Haro , C Hu , AN Karam , N Kawakami , S Lee , JP Lepine , MO Browne , M Okoliyski , J Posada-Villa , R Sagar , MC Viana , DR Williams , RC Kessler (2010). Associations of serious mental illness with earnings: results from the WHO World Mental Health surveys. British Journal of Psychiatry 197, 114121.

JE Mitchell , S Crow (2006). Medical complications of anorexia nervosa and bulimia nervosa. Current Opinion in Psychiatry 19, 438443.

JM Mond , PJ Hay (2007). Functional impairment associated with bulimic behaviors in a community sample of men and women. International Journal of Eating Disorders 40, 391398.

J Ormel , M Petukhova , S Chatterji , S Aguilar-Gaxiola , J Alonso , MC Angermeyer , EJ Bromet , H Burger , K Demyttenaere , G de Girolamo , JM Haro , I Hwang , E Karam , N Kawakami , JP Lepine , ME Medina-Mora , J Posada-Villa , N Sampson , K Scott , TB Üstün , M Von Korff , DR Williams , M Zhang , RC Kessler (2008). Disability and treatment of specific mental and physical disorders across the world. British Journal of Psychiatry 192, 368375.

M Perez , CS Warren (2012). The relationship between quality of life, binge-eating disorder, and obesity status in an ethnically diverse sample. Obesity 20, 879885.

A Preti , G Girolamo , G Vilagut , J Alonso , R Graaf , R Bruffaerts , K Demyttenaere , A Pinto-Meza , JM Haro , P Morosini (2009). The epidemiology of eating disorders in six European countries: results of the ESEMeD-WMH project. Journal of Psychiatric Research 43, 11251132.

VM Quick , C Byrd-Bredbenner (2013). Eating Disorders Examination Questionnaire (EDE-Q): norms for US college students. Eating and Weight Disorders 18, 2935.

DA Revicki , D Irwin , J Reblando , GE Simon (1994). The accuracy of self-reported disability days. Medical Care 32, 401404.

DA Revicki , AM Rentz , D Dubois , P Kahrilas , V Stanghellini , NJ Talley , J Tack (2004). Gastroparesis Cardinal Symptom Index (GCSI): development and validation of a patient reported assessment of severity of gastroparesis symptoms. Quality of Life Research 13, 833844.

JR Shapiro , ND Berkman , KA Brownley , JA Sedway , KN Lohr , CM Bulik (2007). Bulimia nervosa treatment: a systematic review of randomized controlled trials. International Journal of Eating Disorders 40, 321336.

RH Striegel , R Bedrosian , C Wang (2012). Comparing work productivity in obesity and binge eating. International Journal of Eating Disorders 45, 995998.

RH Striegel-Moore , DL Franko (2008). Should binge eating disorder be included in the DSM-V? A critical review of the state of the evidence. Annual Review of Clinical Psychology 4, 305324.

RH Striegel-Moore , LR Silberstein , P Frensch , J Rodin (1989). A prospective study of disordered eating among college students. International Journal of Eating Disorders 8, 499509.

RH Striegel-Moore , FM Cachelin , FA Dohm , KM Pike , DE Wilfley , CG Fairburn (2001). Comparison of binge eating disorder and bulimia nervosa in a community sample. International Journal of Eating Disorders 29, 157165.

R Sysko , CA Roberto , RD Barnes , CM Grilo , E Attia , BT Walsh (2012). Test-retest reliability of the proposed DSM-5 eating disorder diagnostic criteria. Psychiatry Research 196, 302308.

C Thornton , J Russell , J Hudson (1998). Does the Composite International Diagnostic Interview underdiagnose the eating disorders? International Journal of Eating Disorders 23, 341345.

M Von Korff , PK Crane , J Alonso , G Vilagut , MC Angermeyer , R Bruffaerts , G de Girolamo , O Gureje , R de Graaf , Y Huang , N Iwata , EG Karam , V Kovess , C Lara , D Levinson , J Posada-Villa , KM Scott , J Ormel (2008). Modified WHODAS-II provides valid measure of global disability but filter items increased skewness. Journal of Clinical Epidemiology 61, 11321143.

TD Wade , A Keski-Rahkonen , JI Hudson (2011). Epidemiology of eating disorders. In Textbook of Psychiatric Epidemiology, 3rd edn (ed. MT Tsuang, M Tohen and P Jones). John Wiley & Sons: New York, NY.

JB Willett , JD Singer (1993). Investigating onset, cessation, relapse, and recovery: why you should, and how you can, use discrete-time survival analysis to examine event occurrence. Journal of Consulting and Clinical Psychology 61, 952965.

SA Wonderlich , KH Gordon , JE Mitchell , RD Crosby , SG Engel (2009). The validity and clinical utility of binge eating disorder. International Journal of Eating Disorders 42, 687705.

HD Zachrisson , E Vedul-Kjelsas , KG Gotestam , A Mykletun (2008). Time trends in obesity and eating disorders. International Journal of Eating Disorders 41, 673680.

Recommend this journal

Email your librarian or administrator to recommend adding this journal to your organisation's collection.

Epidemiology and Psychiatric Sciences
  • ISSN: 2045-7960
  • EISSN: 2045-7979
  • URL: /core/journals/epidemiology-and-psychiatric-sciences
Please enter your name
Please enter a valid email address
Who would you like to send this to? *
×

Keywords: