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  • Cited by 4
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    This article has been cited by the following publications. This list is generated based on data provided by CrossRef.

    Kaiser, Mario 2015. Reactions to the Future: the Chronopolitics of Prevention and Preemption. NanoEthics, Vol. 9, Issue. 2, p. 165.

    Lee, Steven P. 2013. International Encyclopedia of Ethics.

    O’Driscoll, Cian 2008. The Renegotiation of the Just War Tradition and the Right to War in the Twenty-First Century.

    Burke, Anthony 2005. Against the New Internationalism. Ethics & International Affairs, Vol. 19, Issue. 02, p. 73.


Self-Defense in an Imperfect World


In his address at West Point on June 1, 2002, President George W. Bush appeared to be signaling America's willingness to regard the mere possession of weapons of mass destruction (WMD) by potential enemies as grounds for an anticipatory war. Historically, however, a clear distinction has been drawn between preemptive and preventive, or anticipatory, war, with the latter regarded as illegitimate. The National Security Strategy announced by the president on September 20, 2002, was more conventional in its approach to preemption, but doubts remain as to whether the old distinction can be preserved. And this discussion is taking place in the context of a specific problem, namely the apparent desire of Iraq to obtain WMD and the determination of the United States, and, less clearly expressed, the UN Security Council, to prevent this from happening.

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David C. Hendrickson , “Towards Universal Empire: The Dangerous Quest for Absolute Security,” World Policy Journal (Fall 2002), pp. 110

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Ethics & International Affairs
  • ISSN: 0892-6794
  • EISSN: 1747-7093
  • URL: /core/journals/ethics-and-international-affairs
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