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World Bank , World Development Indicators 2010 (Washington, D.C., 2010)
Ahmed Rashid , “Analysing Anarchic Afghanistan,” Third World Quarterly 16 (1995), p. 737 (estimate of over 100,000 killed as a result of civil conflict from mid-1992 through 1995)
Mohamed Ali , John Blacker and Gareth Jones , “Annual Mortality Rates and Excess Deaths of Children under Five in Iraq, 1991–98,” Population Studies 57 (2003): 217–26
Gilbert Burnham , Riyadh Lafta , Shannon Doocy and Les Roberts , “Mortality after the 2003 invasion of Iraq,” The Lancet 368 (2006): 1421–8 (mid-point estimate of 654,965 excess deaths in the forty months after the invasion, 601,027 of them violent)
Adam Przeworski and James Raymond Vreeland , “The Effect of IMF Programs on Economic Growth,” Journal of Development Economics 62 (2000), p. 297
Axel Dreher , “IMF and Economic Growth,” World Development 34 (2006), p. 779