Skip to main content Accessibility help
×
Home
Hostname: page-component-768ffcd9cc-6vg6l Total loading time: 0.235 Render date: 2022-12-01T20:56:14.874Z Has data issue: true Feature Flags: { "useRatesEcommerce": false } hasContentIssue true

Dating the East Adriatic Neolithic

Published online by Cambridge University Press:  25 January 2017

Stašo Forenbaher*
Affiliation:
Institute for Anthropological Research, Croatia
Timothy Kaiser*
Affiliation:
Departments of Anthropology and Interdisciplinary Studies, Lakehead University, Canada
Preston T. Miracle*
Affiliation:
Department of Archaeology, University of Cambridge, UK

Abstract

New radiocarbon determinations from Mesolithic, Neolithic, and/or Copper Age contexts at ten sites are presented, bringing the number of absolute dates available for the East Adriatic to more than twice that of a decade ago. The dates show that, from 6000 BC onward, pottery styles (Impressed Ware, Danilo variants, Hvar, Nakovana, and Cetina) emerged, spread, and disappeared at different times, places, and rates within the region. The implications for models of the spread of farming and other features of Neolithic life are discussed. The continued usefulness of the threefold division of the regional Neolithic into ‘Early’, ‘Middle’, and ‘Late’ phases is found to be dubious.

On présente ici de nouvelles déterminations par radiocarbone provenant de contextes mésolithiques, néolithiques et/ou de l'Âge du Cuivre de dix sites différents, plus que doublant ainsi le nombre de dates absolues disponibles pour l'Est Adriatique par rapport à 10 ans plus tôt. Les dates montrent qu’à partir de 6000 cal BC des styles céramiques (céramique à impressions, variantes Danilo, Hvar, Nakovana et Cetina) se répandent et disparaissent en des temps, places et rythmes différents au sein de la région. Les conséquences pour les modèles de diffusion de l'agriculture et autres aspects de la vie néolithique sont étudiés. On doit se poser la question si la triple division du Néolithique régional en des phases ‘début’, ‘moyen’ et ‘récent’ demeure utile. Translation by Isabelle Gerges.

Zusammenfassung

Zusammenfassung

In diesem Beitrag werden neue Radiokarbondaten aus Kontexten des Mesolithikums, des Neolithikums und/oder der Kupferzeit von zehn verschiedenen Fundplätzen vorgestellt, womit sich die Zahl der Daten, die für den ostadriatischen Raum zur Verfügung stehen, im Vergleich zum letzten Jahrzehnt mehr als verdoppelt hat. Die Daten zeigen, dass ab 6000 v. Chr. zu verschiedenen Zeiten, an unterschiedlichen Orten und in abweichendem Maße innerhalb der Region verschiedene Keramikstile (Impresso, Danilo-Varianten, Hvar, Nakovana und Cetina) erschienen, sich verbreiteten und wieder verschwanden. Die Konsequenzen dieser Ergebnisse für Modelle der Verbreitung der Landwirtschaft und anderer Merkmale des jungsteinzeitlichen Lebens werden diskutiert. Dabei wird die Zweckmäßigkeit der traditionellen Dreiteilung des lokalen Neolithikums in eine ‘frühe’, eine ‘mittlere’ und eine ‘späte’ Phase in Zweifel gezogen. Translation by Heiner Schwarzberg.

Type
Articles
Copyright
Copyright © European Association of Archaeologists 2013 

Access options

Get access to the full version of this content by using one of the access options below. (Log in options will check for institutional or personal access. Content may require purchase if you do not have access.)

References

Barfield, L.H. 1972. The First Neolithic Cultures of North Eastern Italy. In: Schwabedissen, H., ed. Die Anfänge des Neolithikums vom Orient bis Nordeuropa. Teil VII: Westliches Mittelmeergebiet und Britische Inseln. Köln-Wien: Böhlau Verlag, pp. 182217.Google Scholar
Batović, Š. 1979. Jadranska zona. In: Benac, A., ed. Praistorija jugoslavenskih zemalja, vol. 2. Sarajevo: Akademija nauka i umjetnosti Bosne i Hercegovine, pp. 473635.Google Scholar
Berger, J.-F., Guilaine, J. 2009. The 8200 cal BP Abrupt Environmental Change and the Neolithic Transition: A Mediterranean Perspective. Quaternary International, 200: 3149.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
Berger, J.-F., Metalinou, G., Guilaine, J. 2011. Le Mésolithique et le Néolithique ancien de Sidari (Corfu). In: Guilaine, J., Manen, C., Perrin, T., eds. Transitions en Méditerranée, ou comment des chasseurs devirant agricultures (Résumés et abstracts, Colloque International). Toulouse: Centre de Recherche sur la Préhistoire et la Protohistoire de la Méditeranée, pp. 67–9.Google Scholar
Biagi, P. 1995. North Eastern Italy in the Seventh Millenium BP: A Bridge Between the Balkans and the West? In: Draşovean, F., Biagi, P., eds. The Vinča Culture: Its Role and Cultural Connections. Timişoara: Mirton, pp. 922.Google Scholar
Biagi, P., Spataro, M. 2000. Plotting the Evidence: Some Aspects of the Radiocarbon Chronology of the Mesolithic-Neolithic Transition in the Mediterranean Basin. Atti della Societa per la Preistoria e Protostoria della Regione Friuli-Venezia Giulia, 12: 1554.Google Scholar
Boschian, G., Montagnari-Kokelj, E. 2000. Prehistoric Shepherds and Caves in the Trieste Karst (Northern Italy). Geoarchaeology, 15 (4): 331–71.3.0.CO;2-H>CrossRefGoogle Scholar
Bronk Ramsey, C. 2009. Bayesian Analysis of Radiocarbon Dates. Radiocarbon, 51: 337–60.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
Budja, M. 1999. The Transition to Farming in Mediterranean Europe: An Indigenous Response. Documenta Praehistorica, 26: 119–41.Google Scholar
Čečuk, B., Radić, D. 2001. Vela špilja – preliminarni rezultati dosadašnjih istraživanja. In: Čečuk, B., ed. Arheološka istraživanja na području otoka Korčule i Lastova. Zagreb: Hrvatsko arheološko društvo, pp. 75118.Google Scholar
Čečuk, B., Radić, D. 2005. Vela spila: višeslojno pretpovijesno nalazište – Vela Luka, otok Korčula. Vela Luka: Centar za kulturu.Google Scholar
Cermesoni, B., Ferrari, A., Mazzieri, P., Pessina, A. 1999. Considerazioni sui materiali ceramici e litici. In: Ferrari, A., Pessina, A., eds. Sammardenchia – Cueis: Contributi per la conoscenza di una comunita del primo neolitico. Udine: Museo Friulano di Storia Naturale, pp. 231–58.Google Scholar
Chapman, J.C. 1988. Ceramic Production and Social Differentiation: The Dalmatian Neolithic and the Western Mediterranean. Journal of Mediterranean Archaeology, 1 (2): 325.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
Chapman, J.C., Müller, J. 1990. Early Farmers in the Mediterranean Basin: The Dalmatian Evidence. Antiquity, 64: 127–34.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
Chapman, J.C., Shiel, R.S., Batović, Š. 1996. The Changing Face of Dalmatia. London: Leicester University Press.Google Scholar
Della Casa, P. 1995. The Cetina Group and the Transition from Copper to Bronze Age in Dalmatia. Antiquity, 69: 565–76.Google Scholar
Della Casa, P., Bass, B. 2001. Archaeological Evidence from the Island of Sušac, Croatia: Preliminary Report [online] [accessed 19 December 2012]. Available at: <http://www.prehist.uzh.ch/forschung/susac/susacset1.html>>Google Scholar
Dimitrijević, S. 1970. Zur Frage der kannelierten Keramik in der Hvar-Kultur. In: Mirosavljević, D., Rendić-Miočević, D., Suić, M., eds. Adriatica Praehistorica et Antiqua. Zagreb: Sveučilište u Zagrebu, pp. 105–22.Google Scholar
Dimitrijević, S. 1979. Problem eneolita na istočnoj jadranskoj obali. In: Tasić, N., ed. Praistorija jugoslavenskih zemalja, vol. 3. Sarajevo: Akademija nauka i umjetnosti Bosne i Hercegovine, pp. 367–79.Google Scholar
Drnić, I., Terzić, T., Garašić, M., Krpina, I., Watz, B., Kresnik, G., Ajduković, K. 2010. Recentna istraživanja u Novoj pećini kod Sutine. In: Garašić, M., Kovačević, M.-S., eds. Prvi hrvatski speleološki kongres: Sažeci radova. Zagreb: Hrvatski speleološki savez, pp. 36–7.Google Scholar
Forenbaher, S. 2000. ‘Nakovana Culture’: State of Research. Opuscula archaeologica, 23–24: 373–85.Google Scholar
Forenbaher, S., Kaiser, T. 1999. Grapčeva spilja i apsolutno datiranje istočnojadranskog neolitika. Vjesnik za arheologiju i historiju dalmatinsku, 92: 934.Google Scholar
Forenbaher, S., Kaiser, T. 2006. The Pottery of Pupićina Cave. In: Miracle, P.T., Forenbaher, S., eds. Prehistoric Herders of Northern Istria: The Archaeology of Pupićina Cave, Vol. 1. Pula: Arheološki muzej Istre, pp. 163223.Google Scholar
Forenbaher, S., Kaiser, T. 2008. Lončarija. In: Forenbaher, S., Kaiser, T. eds. Grapčeva špilja: pretpovijesni stan, tor i obredno mjesto. Split: Književni krug, pp. 3771.Google Scholar
Forenbaher, S., Kaiser, T. 2010. Grapčeva, Nakovana i neolitik istočnog Jadrana. In: Perkić, D., ed. Arheološka istraživanja u Neretvansko-Dubrovačkoj županiji. Zagreb: Hrvatsko arheološko društvo, pp. 2531.Google Scholar
Forenbaher, S., Kaiser, T., Frame, S. 2010. Adriatic Neolithic Mortuary Ritual at Grapčeva Cave, Croatia. Journal of Field Archaeology, 35: 337–54.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
Forenbaher, S., Kaiser, T., Miracle, P.T. 2004. Pupićina Cave Pottery and the Neolithic Sequence in Northeastern Adriatic. Atti della Società per la Preistoria e Protostoria della Regione Friuli-Venezia Giulia, 14: 61102.Google Scholar
Forenbaher, S., Miracle, P.T. 2005. The Spread of Farming in the Eastern Adriatic. Antiquity, 79: 514–28.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
Forenbaher, S., Miracle, P.T. 2006. Pupićina Cave and the Spread of Farming in the Eastern Adriatic. In: Miracle, P.T., Forenbaher, S., eds. Prehistoric Herders of Northern Istria: The Archaeology of Pupićina Cave, Vol. 1. Pula: Arheološki muzej Istre, pp. 483519.Google Scholar
Forenbaher, S., Miracle, P.T. 2013. Transition to Farming in the Adriatic: A View from the Eastern Shore. In: Guilaine, J., Manen, C., Perrin, T., eds. The Neolithic Transition in the Mediterranean. Paris: Editions Errance. Google Scholar
Forenbaher, S., Vujnović, N. 2013. Đurđeva Greda and the Neolithic of Lika. Prilozi Instituta za arheologiju u Zagrebu, 30.Google Scholar
Gilli, E., Montagnari Kokelj, E. 1992. La Grotta dei Ciclami nel Carso Triestino (materiali degli scavi 1959–1961). Atti della Societa per la Preistoria e Protostoria della Regione Friuli-Venezia Giulia, 7: 65162.Google Scholar
Komšo, D., Miracle, P.T., Boschian, G. 2005. Vela spilja. Hrvatski arheološki godišnjak, 1: 172–5.Google Scholar
Korošec, J. 1958. Neolitska naseobina u Danilu Bitinju. Zagreb: Jugoslavenska akademija znanosti i umjetnosti.Google Scholar
Legge, T., Moore, A. 2011. Clutching at Straw: The Early Neolithic of Croatia. In: Hadjikoumis, A., Robinson, E., Viner, S., eds. The Dynamics of Neolithisation in Europe: Studies in Honour of Andrew Sherratt. Oakville: Oxbow Books, pp. 176–95.Google Scholar
Marijanović, B. 1981. Ravlića pećina (Peć Mlini). Glasnik Zemaljskog muzeja BiH u Sarajevu (arheologija), nova serija, 35–36: 197.Google Scholar
Marijanović, B. 2005. Gudnja: višeslojno prapovijesno nalazište. Dubrovnik: Dubrovački muzeji - Arheološki muzej.Google Scholar
Marijanović, B. 2009. Crno vrilo 1. Zadar: Sveučilište u Zadru.Google Scholar
Marović, I., Čović, B. 1983. Cetinska kultura. In: Čović, B., ed. Praistorija jugoslavenskih zemalja, Vol. 4. Sarajevo: Akademija nauka i umjetnosti Bosne i Hercegovine, pp. 191231.Google Scholar
Miracle, P.T., Forenbaher, S. 2005. Neolithic and Bronze Age Herders of Pupićina Cave, Croatia. Journal of Field Archaeology, 30: 255–81.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
Miracle, P.T., Forenbaher, S. 2006a. Changing Activities and Environments at Pupićina Cave. In: Miracle, P.T., Forenbaher, S., eds. Prehistoric Herders of Northern Istria: The Archaeology of Pupićina Cave, Vol. 1. Pula: Arheološki muzej Istre, pp. 455–81.Google Scholar
Miracle, P.T., Forenbaher, S. 2006b. Excavations at Pupićina Cave. In: Miracle, P.T., Forenbaher, S. eds. Prehistoric Herders of Northern Istria: The Archaeology of Pupićina Cave, Vol. 1. Pula: Arheološki muzej Istre, pp. 63122.Google Scholar
Miracle, P.T., Radić, D. eds. In press. Hunters and Herders in Southern Dalmatia: The Palaeolithic, Mesolithic, and Neolithic of Vela Spila (Korčula, Croatia). British Archaeological Reports International Series. Oxford: Archaeopress.Google Scholar
Montagnari-Kokelj, E., Crismani, A. 1996. La Grotta del Mitreo nel Carso Triestino. Atti della Società per la Preistoria e Protostoria della Regione Friuli-Venezia Giulia, 10: 798.Google Scholar
Moore, A., Menđušić, M., Smith, J., Podrug, E. 2007. Project ‘Early Farming in Dalmatia’: Danilo Bitinj 2004–2005. Vjesnik arheološkog muzeja u Zagrebu, 3. serija, 40: 1524.Google Scholar
Müller, J. 1988. Škarin Samograd - eine frühneolitische Station mit monochromer Ware und Impresso Keramik an der Ostadria. Archäologisches Korrespondenzblatt, 18 (3): 219–35.Google Scholar
Müller, J. 1994. Das Ostadriatische Frühneolithikum: Die Impresso-Kultur und die Neolithisierung des Adriaraumes. Berlin: Volker Spiess.Google Scholar
Novak, G. 1955. Prethistorijski Hvar, Grapčeva spilja. Zagreb: Jugoslavenska akademija znanosti i umjetnosti.Google Scholar
Petrić, N. 1976. Prethistorijske kulture Pelješca. Pelješki zbornik, 1: 295313.Google Scholar
Podrug, E. 2010. Čista mala – Velištak: prve tri istraživačke kampanje na nalazištu hvarske kulture. Diadora, 24: 725.Google Scholar
Radić, D. 2005. Vela Spila: Preliminary Analysis of Early Neolithic and Mesolithic Strata in Test Pit Examined in 2004. Opuscula archaeologica, 29: 323–48.Google Scholar
Radić, D. 2009. The Beginnings of Trans-Adriatic Navigation: A View from Vela Spila Cave (Korčula Island). In: Forenbaher, S., ed. A Connecting Sea: Maritime Interaction in Adriatic Prehistory. Oxford: British Archaeological Reports International Series 2037. Oxford: Archaeopress, pp. 1324.Google Scholar
Radović, S. 2011. Ekonomija prvih stočara na istočnom Jadranu: Značenje lova i stočarstva u prehrani neolitičkih ljudi. , University of Zagreb.Google Scholar
Reimer, P.J., Baillie, M.G.L., Bard, E., Bayliss, A., Beck, J.W., Blackwell, P.G., Bronk Ramsey, C., Buck, C.E., Burr, G.S., Edwards, R.L., Friedrich, M., Grootes, P.M., Guilderson, T.P., Hajdas, I., Heaton, T.J., Hogg, A.G., Hughen, K.A., Kaiser, K.F., Kromer, B., McCormac, F.G., Manning, S.W., Reimer, R.W., Richards, D.A., Southon, J.R., Talamo, S., Turney, C.S.M., van der Plicht, J., Weyhenmeyer, C.E. 2009. IntCal09 and Marine09 Radiocarbon Age Calibration Curves, 0–50,000 Years cal BP. Radiocarbon, 51 (4): 1111–50.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
Skeates, R. 2003. Radiocarbon Dating and Interpretations of the Mesolithic-Neolithic Transition in Italy. In: Ammerman, A.J., Biagi, P., eds. The Widening Harvest. Boston: Archaeological Institute of America, pp. 157–87.Google Scholar
Skeates, R., Whitehouse, R. 1994. Radiocarbon Dating and Italian Prehistory. London: British School at Rome.Google Scholar
Spataro, M. 2002. The First Farming Communities of the Adriatic: Pottery Production and Circulation in the Early and Middle Neolithic. Trieste: Edizioni Svevo.Google Scholar
42
Cited by

Save article to Kindle

To save this article to your Kindle, first ensure coreplatform@cambridge.org is added to your Approved Personal Document E-mail List under your Personal Document Settings on the Manage Your Content and Devices page of your Amazon account. Then enter the ‘name’ part of your Kindle email address below. Find out more about saving to your Kindle.

Note you can select to save to either the @free.kindle.com or @kindle.com variations. ‘@free.kindle.com’ emails are free but can only be saved to your device when it is connected to wi-fi. ‘@kindle.com’ emails can be delivered even when you are not connected to wi-fi, but note that service fees apply.

Find out more about the Kindle Personal Document Service.

Dating the East Adriatic Neolithic
Available formats
×

Save article to Dropbox

To save this article to your Dropbox account, please select one or more formats and confirm that you agree to abide by our usage policies. If this is the first time you used this feature, you will be asked to authorise Cambridge Core to connect with your Dropbox account. Find out more about saving content to Dropbox.

Dating the East Adriatic Neolithic
Available formats
×

Save article to Google Drive

To save this article to your Google Drive account, please select one or more formats and confirm that you agree to abide by our usage policies. If this is the first time you used this feature, you will be asked to authorise Cambridge Core to connect with your Google Drive account. Find out more about saving content to Google Drive.

Dating the East Adriatic Neolithic
Available formats
×
×

Reply to: Submit a response

Please enter your response.

Your details

Please enter a valid email address.

Conflicting interests

Do you have any conflicting interests? *