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Detecting Mobility in Early Iron Age Thessaly by Strontium Isotope Analysis

  • Eleni Panagiotopoulou (a1), Janet Montgomery (a2), Geoff Nowell (a3), Joanne Peterkin (a3), Argiro Doulgeri-Intzesiloglou (a4), Polixeni Arachoviti (a4), Stiliani Katakouta (a5) and Fotini Tsiouka (a6)...
Abstract

This article presents evidence of population movements in Thessaly, Greece, during the Early Iron Age (Protogeometric period, eleventh–ninth centuries bc). The method we employed to detect non-local individuals is strontium isotope analysis (87Sr/86Sr) of tooth enamel integrated with the contextual analysis of mortuary practices and osteological analysis of the skeletal assemblage. During the Protogeometric period, social and cultural transformations occurred while society was recovering from the disintegration of the Mycenaean civilization (twelfth century bc). The analysis of the cemeteries of Voulokaliva, Chloe, and Pharsala, located in southern Thessaly, showed that non-local individuals integrated in the communities we focused on and contributed to the observed diversity in burial practices and to the developments in the formation of a social organization.

Dans cet article nous examinons les données concernant les mouvements de population en Thessalie en Grèce au début de l’âge du Fer (époque protogéométrique, XIe–IXe siècles av. J.-C.). La méthode choisie pour déceler la présence d'individus allochtones est l'analyse des isotopes du strontium (87Sr/86Sr) préservé dan l'email dentaire combinée ici avec une analyse contextuelle des pratiques funéraires et l'analyse ostéologique des restes humains. L’époque protogéométrique vit une série de transformations sociales et culturelles alors que la société se remettait de la désintégration de la civilisation mycénienne (XIIe siècle av. J.-C.). L’étude des nécropoles de Voulokaliva, Chloe et Pharsala en Thessalie méridionale démontre que des individus étrangers intégrés aux communautés étudiées ont contribué à la diversité des pratiques funéraires et ont ainsi participé à l’évolution de l'organisation sociale. Translation by Madeleine Hummler

In diesem Artikel werden die Angaben über Bevölkerungsbewegungen in Thessalien in Griechenland in der früheisenzeitlichen protogeometrischen Periode (11. bis 9. Jh. v. Chr.) untersucht. Die Methode, die wir gewählt haben, um nicht-einheimische Individuen zu erkennen, ist die Analyse von 87Sr/86Sr Strontium Isotopen im Zahnschmelz. Diese Untersuchung wird hier mit einer kontextuellen Auswertung der Bestattungssitten und einer Analyse der menschlichen Skelettreste verbunden. In protogeometrischer Zeit haben mehrere soziale und kulturelle Veränderungen stattgefunden, als die Gesellschaft sich vom Zerfall der mykenischen Zivilisation (12. Jh. v. Chr.) erholte. Die Auswertung der Gräberfelder von Voulokaliva, Chloe und Pharsala im Süden von Thessalien hat gezeigt, dass die nicht-einheimischen Individuen in diesen Gemeinschaften zur Vielfalt der Bestattungssitten und zur Entwicklung der sozialen Organisation der Gesellschaft beigetragen haben. Translation by Madeleine Hummler

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European Journal of Archaeology
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