Skip to main content Accesibility Help
×
×
Home

Farmer Participatory Crop Improvement. III. Participatory Plant Breeding, a Case Study for Rice in Nepal

  • B. R. Sthapit (a1), K. D. Joshi (a1) and J. R. Witcombe (a2)
Summary

A participatory plant breeding (PPB) programme was conducted for the high altitude areas of Nepal. The aim was to breed acceptable varieties with minimum use of resources and to utilize farmers' knowledge in the PPB programme. Farmer participation began at the F5 stage and progress was followed over two seasons in two villages. Farmers proved to be willing participants and made selections in the segregating material, often with great success. Large differences in farmers' preferences between the F5 bulks were found and the most preferred were adopted rapidly. The most adopted variety, Machhapuchhre-3, performed well in the formal trials system, and much better than the products from conventional centralized breeding. The PPB programme increased biodiversity in the two participating villages.

Copyright
Corresponding author
Author to whom correspondence should be addressed.
References
Hide All
Ashby, J. A. & Sperling, L. (1994). Institutionalising Participatory, Client-driven Research and Technology Development in Agriculture. Agricultural Administration (Research and Extension) Network: Network Paper 49. London: Overseas Development Institute.
Berg, T., Bjornstad, A., Fowler, C. & Skroppa, T. (1991). Towards an integrated plant breeding. In Technology Options and the Gene Struggle: A Report to the Norwegian Research Council for Science and Humanities (NAVF), 128140. Oslo: Agricultural University of Norway.
Chemjong, P. B., Baral, B. H., Thakuri, K. C., Neupane, P. R., Neupane, R. K., & Upadhaya, M. P. (1995). The Impact of Pakhribas Agricultural Centre Research in the Eastern Hills of Nepal: Farmer Adoption of Nine Agricultural Technologies. Dhankuta, Nepal: Pakhribas Agricultural Centre.
Farrington, J. & Martin, A. (1988). Farmer Participation in Agricultural Research: a Review of Concepts and Practices. OD1 Occasional Paper. London: Overseas Development Institute.
Galt, D. (1989). Joining FSR to Commodity Programme Breeding Efforts Earlier. Increasing Plant Breeding Efficiency in Nepal. Agricultural Administration (Research and Extension) Network: Network Paper 8. London: Overseas Development Institute.
Joshi, A. & Witcombe, J. R. (1996). Farmer participatory crop improvement. II: Participatory varietal selection, a case study in India. Experimental Agriculture 32:
Joshi, K. D. & Sthapit, B. R. (1990). Informal Research and Development (IRD): A New Approach to Research and Extension. LARC Discussion Paper No. 9014. Pokhara, Nepal: Lumle Agricultural Research Centre.
Joshi, K. D., Rana, R. B., Subedi, M., Kadayat, K. B. & Sthapit, B. R. (1995). Addressing Diversity through Farmer Participatory Variety Testing and Dissemination Approach: A Case Study of Chaite Rice in the Western Hills of Nepal. LARC Seminar Paper No. 9515. Pokhara, Nepal: Lumle Agricultural Research Centre.
LARC (1995). The Adoption and Diffusion and Incremental Benefits of Fifteen Technologies for Crops, Horticulture, Livestock and Forestry in the Western Hills of Nepal. LARC Occasional Paper 9511. Pokhara, Nepal: Lumle Agricultural Research Centre.
Maurya, D. M., Bottrall, A. & Farrington, J. (1988). Improved livelihoods, genetic diversity and farmer participation: a strategy for rice breeding in rainfed areas of India. Experimental Agriculture 24:311320.
Morris, M. L., Dubin, J. H. & Pokhrel, T. (1992). Returns to Wheat Research in Nepal. CIMMYT Economics Working Paper 92–04. Mexico: International Maize and Wheat Improvement Centre (CIMMYT).
Siegel, S. (1956). Non-parametric statistics for the behavioral sciences. Tokyo: McGraw-Hill Kogakusha.
Sperling, L., Loevinsohn, M. E., & Ntabomvra, B. (1993). Rethinking the farmer's role in plant breeding: local bean experts and on-station selection in Rwanda. Experimental Agriculture 29:509519.
Steel, R. G. D. & Torrie, J. H. (1960). Principles and procedures of statistics with special reference to the biological sciences London: McGraw-Hill.
Sthapit, B. R. (1992). Cold injury of rice crop in Nepal: a review. Journal of the Institute of Agriculture and Animal Science 13:132.
Sthapit, B. R. (1995). Variety Testing, Selection, and Release System for Rice and Wheat Crops in Nepal. Seed Regulatory Frame Works:. Nepal. Pokhara, Nepal: Lumle Agricultural Research Centre.
Sthapit, B. R., Joshi, K. D. & Subedi, K. D. (1994). Consolidating Farmers Role in Plant Breeding: A proposal for Developing Cold Tolerant Rice Varieties for the Hills of Nepal. LARC Discussion Paper No. 941. Pokhara, Nepal: Lumle Agricultural Research Centre.
Sthapit, B. R., Pradhanang, P. M. & Witcombe, J. R. (1995). Inheritance and selection of field resistance to sheath brown rot disease in rice. Plant Disease 79:11401144.
Witcombe, J. R., Joshi, A., Joshi, K. D. & Sthapit, B. R. (1996). Farmer participatory crop improvement. I: Methods for varietal selection and breeding and their impact on biodiversity. Experimental Agriculture 32:453468.
Recommend this journal

Email your librarian or administrator to recommend adding this journal to your organisation's collection.

Experimental Agriculture
  • ISSN: 0014-4797
  • EISSN: 1469-4441
  • URL: /core/journals/experimental-agriculture
Please enter your name
Please enter a valid email address
Who would you like to send this to? *
×

Metrics

Full text views

Total number of HTML views: 0
Total number of PDF views: 0 *
Loading metrics...

Abstract views

Total abstract views: 0 *
Loading metrics...

* Views captured on Cambridge Core between <date>. This data will be updated every 24 hours.

Usage data cannot currently be displayed