This list contains references from the content that can be linked to their source. For a full set of references and notes please see the PDF or HTML where available.
1O Wirta , J Mustonen , H Helin , A Pasternack . Incidence of biopsy-proven glomerulonephritis. Nephrol Dial Transplant 2008; 23: 193–200.
2EM Briganti , J Dowling , M Finlay , PA Hill , CL Jones , PS Kincaid-Smith , The incidence of biopsy-proven glomerulonephritis in Australia. Nephrol Dial Transplant 2001; 16: 1364–367.
3P Stratta , GP Segoloni , C Canavese , L Sandri , G Mazzucco , D Roccatello , Incidence of biopsy-proven primary glomerulonephritis in an Italian province. Am J Kidney Dis 1996 May; 27: 631–39.
4J Heaf , H Lokkegaard , S Larsen . The epidemiology and prognosis of glomerulonephritis in Denmark 1985–1997. Nephrol Dial Transplant 1999; 14: 1889–897.
5K Farrington , U Udayaraj , J Gilg , J Feehally . UK Renal Registry 11th Annual Report (December 2008): Chapter 3 ESRD incident rates in 2007 in the UK: national and centre-specific analyses. Nephron Clin Pract 2009; 111 Suppl 1: c13–41.
6M Levy , J Berger . Worldwide perspective of IgA nephropathy. Am J Kidney Dis 1988 Nov; 12: 340–47.
9CP McCartney . Pathological Anatomy of Acute Hypertension of Pregnancy. Circulation 1964; 30: Suppl 2: 37–42.
12D Packham , KF Fairley . Renal biopsy: indications and complications in pregnancy. Br J Obstet Gynaecol 1987; 94: 935–39.
13C Day , P Hewins , S Hildebrand , L Sheikh , G Taylor , M Kilby , The role of renal biopsy in women with kidney disease identified in pregnancy. Nephrol Dial Transplant 2008; 23: 201–206.
14H Strevens , D Wide-Swensson , A Hansen , T Horn , I Ingemarsson , S Larsen , Glomerular endotheliosis in normal pregnancy and pre-eclampsia. BJOG 2003; 110: 831–36.
15KS Sandhu , JA LaCombe , N Fleischmann , WM Greston , G Lazarou , MS Mikhail . Gross and microscopic hematuria: guidelines for obstetricians and gynecologists. Obstet Gynecol Surv 2009; 64: 39–49.
16CC Szeto , KF To , FM Lai , KM Chow , WH Tam , KY Chung , Prevalence and implications of isolated microscopic hematuria in asymptomatic Chinese pregnant women. Nephron Clin Pract 2007; 105: c147–52.
17MA Brown , JL Holt , GJ Mangos , N Murray , J Curtis , C Homer . Microscopic hematuria in pregnancy: relevance to pregnancy outcome. Am J Kidney Dis 2005; 45: 667–73.
18R Lazor , L Bigay-Game , V Cottin , J Cadranel , O Decaux , JM Fellrath , Alveolar hemorrhage in anti-basement membrane antibody disease: a series of 28 cases. Medicine (Baltimore) 2007; 86: 181–93.
19J Lindic , A Vizjak , D Ferluga , D Kovac , A Ales , R Kveder , Clinical outcome of patients with coexistent antineutrophil cytoplasmic antibodies and antibodies against glomerular basement membrane. Ther Apher Dial 2009; 13: 278–81.
20DR Jayne , G Gaskin , N Rasmussen , D Abramowicz , F Ferrario , L Guillevin , Randomized trial of plasma exchange or high-dosage methylprednisolone as adjunctive therapy for severe renal vasculitis. J Am Soc Nephrol 2007; 18: 2180–188.
21D Jayne , N Rasmussen , K Andrassy , P Bacon , JW Tervaert , J Dadoniene , A randomized trial of maintenance therapy for vasculitis associated with antineutrophil cytoplasmic autoantibodies. N Engl J Med 2003; 349: 36–44.
22T Hatfield , R Steiger , DA Wing . Goodpasture's disease in pregnancy: case report and review of the literature. Am J Perinatol 2007; 24: 619–21.
23P Seo . Pregnancy and vasculitis. Rheum Dis Clin North Am 2007; 33: 299–317.
24F Silva , U Specks , S Sethi , MV Irazabal , FC Fervenza . Successful pregnancy and delivery of a healthy newborn despite transplacental transfer of antimyeloperoxidase antibodies from a mother with microscopic polyangiitis. Am J Kidney Dis 2009; 54: 542–45.
27A Komatsuda , H Wakui , T Yasuda , H Imai , AB Miura , A Tsuda , Successful delivery in a pregnant women with crescentic IgA nephropathy. Intern Med 1994; 33: 723–26.
30DM Vasiliou , C Maxwell , P Shah , M Sermer . Goodpasture syndrome in a pregnant woman. Obstet Gynecol 2005; 106: 1196–199.
31FU Adam , D Torun , F Bolat , A Zumrutdal , S Sezer , FN Ozdemir . Acute renal failure due to mesangial proliferative glomerulonephritis in a pregnant woman with primary Sjogren's syndrome. Clin Rheumatol 2006; 25: 75–79.
32K Barraclough , E Leone , A Chiu . Renal replacement therapy for acute kidney injury in pregnancy. Nephrol Dial Transplant 2007; 22: 2395–397.
34K Higby , CR Suiter , JY Phelps . Normal values of urinary albumin and total protein excretion during pregnancy. Am J Obstet Gynecol 1994; 171: 984–89.
36KA Fisher , S Ahuja , A Luger , BH Spargo , MD Lindheimer . Nephrotic proteinuria with pre-eclampsia. Am J Obstet Gynecol 1977; 129: 643–46.
37MR First , BS Ooi , W Jao , VE Pollak . Pre-eclampsia with the nephrotic syndrome. Kidney Int 1978; 13: 166–77.
38T Imasawa , T Nishiwaki , M Nishimura , N Shikama , R Matsumura , M Nagai , A case of “pure” preeclampsia with nephrotic syndrome before 15 weeks of gestation in a patient whose renal biopsy showed glomerular capillary endotheliosis. Am J Kidney Dis 2006; 48: 495–501.
39MA Brown , MD Lindheimer , M de Swiet , A Van Assche , JM Moutquin . The classification and diagnosis of the hypertensive disorders of pregnancy: statement from the International Society for the Study of Hypertension in Pregnancy (ISSHP). Hypertens Pregnancy 2001; 20: 9–14.
40P Chan , M Brown , JM Simpson , G Davis . Proteinuria in pre-eclampsia: how much matters? BJOG 2005; 112: 280–85.
41BE Vikse , LM Irgens , T Leivestad , R Skjaerven , BM Iversen . Preeclampsia and the risk of end-stage renal disease. N Engl J Med 2008; 359: 800–809.
42EM Klumb , MC de Andrade , NR Jesus , C Campani , CF Campos , RA Levy , Primary antiphospholipid nephropathy beginning during pregnancy. Rheumatol Int 2007; 27: 289–93.
43BK Pandya , SP Gibson , IG Robertson . Nephrotic syndrome in early pregnancy–is renal biopsy always necessary? Nephrol.Dial.Transplant. 2002 Apr; 17: 672–674.
44RS Weinstock , RT Kopecky , DB Jones , S Sunderji . Rapid development of nephrotic syndrome, hypertension, and hemolytic anemia early in pregnancy in patients with IDDM. Diabetes Care 1988; 11: 416–21.
48F Kayali , R Najjar , F Aswad , F Matta , PD Stein . Venous thromboembolism in patients hospitalized with nephrotic syndrome. Am J Med 2008; 121: 226–30.
49PG Lindqvist , M Kublikas , B Dahlback . Individual risk assessment of thrombosis in pregnancy. Acta Obstet Gynecol Scand 2002; 81: 412–16.
50JA Heit , CE Kobbervig , AH James , TM Petterson , KR Bailey , LJ Melton 3rd. Trends in the incidence of venous thromboembolism during pregnancy or postpartum: a 30-year population-based study. Ann Intern Med 2005; 143: 697–706.
52AS Levey , J Coresh , T Greene , J Marsh , LA Stevens , JW Kusek , Expressing the modification of diet in renal disease study equation for estimating glomerular filtration rate with standardized serum creatinine values. Clin Chem 2007; 53: 766–772.
53MC Smith , P Moran , MK Ward , JM Davison . Assessment of glomerular filtration rate during pregnancy using the MDRD formula. BJOG 2008; 115: 109–112.
54E Imbasciati , G Gregorini , G Cabiddu , L Gammaro , G Ambroso , A Del Giudice , Pregnancy in CKD stages 3 to 5: fetal and maternal outcomes. Am J Kidney Dis 2007; 49: 753–62.
55SE Maynard , R Thadhani . Pregnancy and the kidney. J Am Soc Nephrol 2009; 20: 14–22.
56AC Vidaeff , ER Yeomans , SM Ramin . Pregnancy in women with renal disease. Part I: general principles. Am J Perinatol 2008; 25: 385–97.
57D Williams , J Davison . Chronic kidney disease in pregnancy. Br Med J 2008 336: 211–15.
58SG Nayak , R Satish , P Kedley , R Deshpande , Garg I Gokulnath . Acute renal failure during pregnancy–an unusual cause. Nephrol Dial Transplant 2007; 22: 264–65.
59E Singson , KF Fisher , MD Lindheimer . Acute poststreptococcal glomerulonephritis in pregnancy: case report with an 18-year follow-up. Am J Obstet Gynecol 1980; 137: 857–58.
60F Fervenza , A Green , RA Lafayette . Acute renal failure due to postinfectious glomerulonephritis during pregnancy. Am J Kidney Dis 1997; 29: 273–76.
61J Barratt , J Feehally . Treatment of IgA nephropathy. Kidney Int 2006; 69: 1934–938.
62PS Kincaid-Smith , JA Whitworth , KF Fairley . Mesangial IgA nephropathy in pregnancy. Clin Exp Hypertens 1980; 2: 821–38.
63P Kincaid-Smith , KF Fairley . Renal disease in pregnancy. Three controversial areas: mesangial IgA nephropathy, focal glomerular sclerosis (focal and segmental hyalinosis and sclerosis), and reflux nephropathy. Am J Kidney Dis 1987; 9: 328–33.
65P Jungers , D Forget , P Houillier , M Henry-Amar , JP Grunfeld . Pregnancy in IgA nephropathy, reflux nephropathy, and focal glomerular sclerosis. Am J Kidney Dis 1987; 9: 334–338.
66E Imbasciati , C Ponticelli . Pregnancy and renal disease: predictors for fetal and maternal outcome. Am.J.Nephrol 1991; 11: 353–62.
69S Abe . Pregnancy in IgA nephropathy. Kidney Int 1991; 40: 1098–102.
71P Jungers , P Houillier , D Forget , M Henry-Amar . Specific controversies concerning the natural history of renal disease in pregnancy. Am J Kidney Dis 1991; 17: 116–22.
80H Shiiki , K Dohi , M Hanatani , Y Fujii , H Sanai , M Ichijo , Focal and segmental glomerulosclerosis in preeclamptic patients with nephrotic syndrome. Am J Nephrol 1990; 10: 205–12.
81JM Davison , DJ Bailey . Pregnancy following renal transplantation. J Obstet Gynaecol Res 2003; 29: 227–33.
84E Alexopoulos , H Bili , P Tampakoudis , D Economidou , G Sakellariou , S Mantalenakis , Outcome of pregnancy in women with glomerular diseases. Ren Fail 1996 Jan; 18: 121–29.
86L Park-Wyllie , P Mazzotta , A Pastuszak , ME Moretti , L Beique , L Hunnisett , Birth defects after maternal exposure to corticosteroids: prospective cohort study and meta-analysis of epidemiological studies. Teratology 2000; 62: 385–92.
87DB McKay , MA Josephson . Pregnancy in recipients of solid organs–effects on mother and child. N Engl J Med 2006; 354: 1281–293.
88JR Seckl , MC Holmes . Mechanisms of disease: glucocorticoids, their placental metabolism and fetal ‘programming’ of adult pathophysiology. Nat Clin Pract Endocrinol Metab 2007; 3: 479–88.
89VT Armenti , MJ Moritz , EH Cardonick , JM Davison . Immunosuppression in pregnancy: choices for infant and maternal health. Drugs 2002; 62: 2361–375.
91G Moroni , S Quaglini , G Banfi , M Caloni , S Finazzi , G Ambroso , Pregnancy in lupus nephritis. Am J Kidney Dis 2002; 40: 713–20.
92LH Beck Jr, RG Bonegio , G Lambeau , DM Beck , DW Powell , TD Cummins , M-type phospholipase A2 receptor as target antigen in idiopathic membranous nephropathy. N Engl J Med 2009; 361: 11–21.
93A Segarra , M Praga , N Ramos , N Polanco , I Cargol , E Gutierrez-Solis , Successful treatment of membranous glomerulonephritis with rituximab in calcineurin inhibitor-dependent patients. Clin J Am Soc Nephrol 2009; 4: 1083–1088.
94A Rees , R Kain . Nephrotic syndrome: a watershed in the understanding of membranous nephropathy. Nat Rev Nephrol 2009; 5: 617–18.
96WO Cooper , S Hernandez-Diaz , PG Arbogast , JA Dudley , S Dyer , PS Gideon , Major congenital malformations after first-trimester exposure to ACE inhibitors. N Engl J Med 2006; 354: 2443–451.
97C Ponticelli , P Passerini , M Salvadori , C Manno , BF Viola , S Pasquali , A randomized pilot trial comparing methylprednisolone plus a cytotoxic agent versus synthetic adrenocorticotropic hormone in idiopathic membranous nephropathy. Am J Kidney Dis 2006; 47: 233–40.
98S Abe , Y Amagasaki , K Konishi , E Kato , H Sakaguchi , S Iyori . The influence of antecedent renal disease on pregnancy. Am J Obstet Gynecol 1985; 153: 508–14.
99M Surian , E Imbasciati , P Cosci , G Banfi , G Barbiano di Belgiojoso , D Brancaccio , Glomerular disease and pregnancy. A study of 123 pregnancies in patients with primary and secondary glomerular diseases. Nephron 1984; 36: 101–105.
101GH Malik , AS Al-Harbi , S Al-Mohaya , J Al-Wakeel , W Al-Hozaim , M Kechrid , Repeated pregnancies in patients with primary membranous glomerulonephritis. Nephron 2002; 91: 21–24.
102Z Katzir , S Rotmensch , M Boaz , A Biro , A Michlin , S Smetana . Pregnancy in membranous glomerulonephritis–course, treatment and outcome. Clin Nephrol 2004; 61: 59–62.
103A Sebestyen , S Varbiro , L Sara , G Deak , L Kerkovits , I Szabo , Successful management of pregnancy with nephrotic syndrome due to preexisting membranous glomerulonephritis: a case report. Fetal Diagn Ther 2008; 24: 186–89.
104H Schmitt , A Bohle , T Reineke , D Mayer-Eichberger , W Vogl . Long-term prognosis of membranoproliferative glomerulonephritis type I. Significance of clinical and morphological parameters: an investigation of 220 cases. Nephron 1990; 55: 242–50.
108GH Malik , S Al-Mohaya , JF Shaikh , J Al-Wakeel , W Al-Hozaim , M Kechrid , Repeated pregnancies in patients with non-immunoglobulin a mesangioproliferative glomerulonephritis. Am J Nephrol 2001; 21: 378–82.
110S Abe . An overview of pregnancy in women with underlying renal disease. Am J Kidney Dis 1991; 17: 112–115.
111P Barcelo , J Lopez-Lillo , L Cabero , G Del Rio . Successful pregnancy in primary glomerular disease. Kidney Int 1986; 30: 914–19.
112HE Leichter , SC Jordan , AH Cohen , RB Ettenger , IB Salusky , RN Fine . Postpartum renal failure in a patient with membranoproliferative glomerulonephritis type II. Am J Nephrol 1986; 6: 382–85.
114H Deubner , JP Wagnild , MH Wener , CE Alpers . Glomerulonephritis with anti-glomerular basement membrane antibody during pregnancy: potential role of the placenta in amelioration of disease. Am J Kidney Dis 1995; 25: 330–35.
115JC Jennette , RJ Falk . New insight into the pathogenesis of vasculitis associated with antineutrophil cytoplasmic autoantibodies. Curr Opin Rheumatol 2008; 20: 55–60.
116RB Jones , AJ Ferraro , AN Chaudhry , P Brogan , AD Salama , KG Smith , A multicenter survey of rituximab therapy for refractory antineutrophil cytoplasmic antibody-associated vasculitis. Arthritis Rheum 2009; 60: 2156–168.
118PJ Bansal , MC Tobin . Neonatal microscopic polyangiitis secondary to transfer of maternal myeloperoxidase-antineutrophil cytoplasmic antibody resulting in neonatal pulmonary hemorrhage and renal involvement. Ann Allergy Asthma Immunol 2004; 93: 398–401.
119DJ Schlieben , SM Korbet , RE Kimura , MM Schwartz , EJ Lewis . Pulmonary-renal syndrome in a newborn with placental transmission of ANCAs. Am J Kidney Dis 2005; 45: 758–61.
120D Packham . Thin basement membrane nephropathy in pregnancy. Semin Nephrol 2005; 25: 180–83.