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  • EMILY F HAMILTON (a1) (a2), ANTONIO CIAMPI (a3) (a4), ALINA DYACHENKO (a3), HENRY M LERNER (a5) (a6), LOUISE MINER (a1) (a7) and HERBERT F. SANDMIRE (a8) (a9)...


The sequelae of shoulder dystocia with persistent brachial plexus injury (BPI) are among the most serious of obstetrical complications. Shoulder dystocia with BPI generally places second or third in the list of the top causes of permanent birth-related neonatal injuries. Apart from the devastating medical and social consequences of lifelong impairment for the family, ensuing litigation with its allegations regarding poor care exacts a heavy toll on the medical profession.


Corresponding author

Emily Hamilton, Department of Obstetrics and Gynecology, McGill University, Montreal, QC, Canada.


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  • EMILY F HAMILTON (a1) (a2), ANTONIO CIAMPI (a3) (a4), ALINA DYACHENKO (a3), HENRY M LERNER (a5) (a6), LOUISE MINER (a1) (a7) and HERBERT F. SANDMIRE (a8) (a9)...


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