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    García, Rodolfo A. Salgado, Leonardo Fernández, Mariela S. Cerda, Ignacio A. Carabajal, Ariana Paulina Otero, Alejandro Coria, Rodolfo A. and Fiorelli, Lucas E. 2015. Paleobiology of Titanosaurs: Reproduction, Development, Histology, Pneumaticity, Locomotion and Neuroanatomy from the South American Fossil Record. Ameghiniana, Vol. 52, Issue. 1, p. 29.


    Xing, Lida Miyashita, Tetsuto Zhang, Jianping Li, Daqing Ye, Yong Sekiya, Toru Wang, Fengping and Currie, Philip J. 2015. A new sauropod dinosaur from the Late Jurassic of China and the diversity, distribution, and relationships of mamenchisaurids. Journal of Vertebrate Paleontology, Vol. 35, Issue. 1, p. e889701.


    Carabajal, Ariana Paulina 2012. Neuroanatomy of Titanosaurid Dinosaurs From the Upper Cretaceous of Patagonia, With Comments on Endocranial Variability Within Sauropoda. The Anatomical Record: Advances in Integrative Anatomy and Evolutionary Biology, Vol. 295, Issue. 12, p. 2141.


    Knoll, Fabien and Schwarz-Wings, Daniela 2009. Palaeoneuroanatomy of Brachiosaurus. Annales de Paléontologie, Vol. 95, Issue. 3, p. 165.


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A saurischian dinosaur braincase from the Middle Jurassic (Bathonian) near Oxford, England: from the theropod Megalosaurus or the sauropod Cetiosaurus?

  • P. M. GALTON (a1) and F. KNOLL (a2) (a3)
  • DOI: http://dx.doi.org/10.1017/S0016756806002561
  • Published online: 18 September 2006
Abstract

A dinosaur braincase from the Middle Jurassic (Bathonian) of Oxfordshire (England) is described. The specimen, which has historical significance, has been erratically attributed to either a sauropod or a theropod on the basis of vague phenetic resemblances. It is here re-interpreted in the light of recent cladistic analyses of dinosaurs, allowing the first proper character-based discussion of its affinities. It resembles those of ornithischian and prosauropod dinosaurs in the absence of a prominent, caudolaterally directed bony sheet from either the crista tuberalis (as in all theropods) or the crista prootica (as in all sauropods except juveniles of the eusauropod Shunosaurus). This braincase shows two synapomorphic characters of the Eusauropoda: the region of the cranium is rostrocaudally shortened and the long axis of the supratemporal fenestra is transversely oriented. For these characters, ornithischians, theropods, and prosauropods retain the plesiomorphic condition. It is concluded that the specimen is an important exemplar of a Middle Jurassic sauropod braincase and it is suggested that it could be from the eusauropod Cetiosaurus.

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Corresponding author
Author for correspondence: knoll.smns@naturkundemuseum-bw.de, knoll@mnhn.fr
315 Southern Hills Drive, Rio Vista, CA 94571, USA.
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Geological Magazine
  • ISSN: 0016-7568
  • EISSN: 1469-5081
  • URL: /core/journals/geological-magazine
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