Skip to main content
×
Home
    • Aa
    • Aa
  • Get access
    Check if you have access via personal or institutional login
  • Cited by 1
  • Cited by
    This article has been cited by the following publications. This list is generated based on data provided by CrossRef.

    Hairapetian, Vachik Mohibullah, Mohibullah Tilley, Laura J. Williams, Mark Miller, C. Giles Afzal, Jawad Pour, Mansoureh Ghobadi and Hejazi, S. Hassan 2011. Early Silurian carbonate platform ostracods from Iran: A peri-Gondwanan fauna with strong Laurentian affinities. Gondwana Research, Vol. 20, Issue. 2-3, p. 645.


    ×

Ostracods from Upper Ordovician (Katian) carbonate lithofacies in southwest Scotland

  • M. MOHIBULLAH (a1) (a2), J. AFZAL (a1) (a3), M. WILLIAMS (a1), T. MEIDLA (a4), D. J. SIVETER (a1) and J. A. ZALASIEWICZ (a1)
  • DOI: http://dx.doi.org/10.1017/S0016756810000385
  • Published online: 25 May 2010
Abstract
Abstract

The Ordovician Craighead Limestone Formation of southwest Scotland was formed on a carbonate platform on the eastern tropical margin of the Laurentia palaeocontinent during the early Katian (c. 456 Ma). It yields the most diverse and well-preserved ostracod fauna yet recovered from the Scottish Ordovician succession, with some 25 species divisible into two distinct marine biotopes comprising shallow lagoonal and deeper platform margin settings, respectively. The ostracods show strong biogeographic links at species-level with Sandbian and early Katian faunas of North America, including Krausella arcuata, Steusloffina cuneata, Monoceratella teres and species of Levisulculus and Platybolbina. However, many of the ostracod genera that characterize the Craighead Limestone Formation have earlier origins in the Baltica palaeocontinent, suggesting enhanced migration of species from mid- (Baltica about 30° S) to low (Laurentia) latitudes in the late Sandbian and early Katian interval. Such Baltica-origin genera include Distobolbina, Kiesowia and Platybolbina. Notable is the wide biogeographic occurrence of Steusloffina cuneata, extending from warm tropical Laurentia to cooler high-latitude Gondwana, an enormous latitudinal range for a shelf-dwelling marine species. The possible Tvaerenellidae taxon Duoarcus levigatus gen. et sp. nov. is described.

Copyright
Corresponding author
Author for correspondence: mk241@le.ac.uk
Linked references
Hide All

This list contains references from the content that can be linked to their source. For a full set of references and notes please see the PDF or HTML where available.

F. Barattolo 1991. Mesozoic and Cenozoic marine benthic calcareous algae with particular regard to the Mesozoic dasycladaceans. In Calcareous Algae and Stromatolites (ed. R. Riding ), pp. 504–40. Berlin: Springer-Verlag.

L. R. M. Cocks 2000. The Early Palaeozoic geography of Europe. Journal of the Geological Society, London 157, 110.

L. R. M. Cocks & R. A. Fortey 1982. Faunal evidence for oceanic separations in the Palaeozoic of Britain. Journal of the Geological Society, London139, 465–78.

L. R. M. Cocks , W. S. McKerrow & C. R. van Staal 1997. The margins of Avalonia. Geological Magazine 134, 627–36.

L. R. M. Cocks & T. H. Torsvik 2005. Baltica from late Precambrian to mid-Palaeozoic times: the gain and loss of a terrane's identity. Earth-Science Reviews 72, 3966.

A.-Ch. Da Silva & F. Boulvain 2002. Sedimentology, magnetic susceptibility and isotopes of a Middle Frasnian carbonate platform: Tailfer section, Belgium. Facies 46, 89102.

A. Ferriti & J. Kříž 1995. Cephalopod limestone biofacies in the Silurian of Prague Basin, Bohemia. Palaios 10, 240–53.

J. D. Floyd , M. Williams & A. W. A. Rushton 1999. Late Ordovician (Ashgill) Ostracodes from the Drummuck Group, Craighead Inlier, Girvan district, southwest Scotland. Scottish Journal of Geology 35, 1524.

J. D. Floyd & M. Williams 2003. A revised lithostratigraphy for the Silurian of the Girvan district. Transactions of the Royal Society of Edinburgh: Earth Sciences 93, 383–92.

F. T. Fürsich , M. Wilmsen , K. Seyed-Emami , G. Schairer & M. R. Majidifard 2003. Platform-basin transect of a Middle to Late Jurassic large-scale carbonate platform system (Shotori Mountains, Tabas area, east-central Iran). Facies 48, 171–98.

J. Haas 1999. Genesis of Late Cretaceous toe-of-slope breccias in the Bakony Mts., Hungary. Sedimentary Geology 128, 5166.

D. A. T. Harper 1982. The stratigraphy of the Drummuck group (Ashgill), Girvan. Geological Journal 17, 251–77.

K. L. B. Hender & G. R. Dix 2008. Facies development of a Late Ordovician mixed carbonate-siliclastic ramp proximal to the developing Taconic orogen: Lourdes Formation, Newfoundland, Canada. Facies 54, 121–49.

H. G. Herbig 1984. Rekonstruktion eines nicht mehr existenten Sedimentationraumes. Die Kalkgerölle im Karbon-Flysch der Malagiden (Betische Kordillere, Südspanien). Facies 11, 1108.

S. M. Holland 1993. Sequence stratigraphy of a carbonate-clastic ramp: the Cincinnatian Series (Upper Ordovician) in its type area. Bulletin of the Geological Society of America 105, 306–22.

T. R. Jones 1889. Notes on the Palaeozoic bivalved Entomostraca. No. 28. Annals and Magazine of Natural History 4, 267–73.

. . , –.T. R. Jones 1893 On some Palaeozoic Ostracoda from the district of Girvan, Ayrshire Quarterly Journal of the Geological Society of London 49 296307

D. Lavoie & E. Asselin 1998. Upper Ordovician facies in the Lac Saint-Jean outlier, Quebec (eastern Canada): palaeoenvironmental significance for Late Ordovician Oceanography. Sedimentology 45, 817–32.

S. Leigh & A. J. Hartley 1992. Mega-debris flow deposits from the Oligo-Miocene Pindos foreland basin, western mainland Greece: implications for transport mechanisms in ancient deep marine basins. Sedimentology 39, 1003–12.

S. A. Levinson 1961. New genera and species of Bromide (Middle Ordovician) ostracodes of Oklahoma. Micropaleontology 7, 359–64.

P. I. McLaughlin , C. E. Brett , S. L. Taha-McLaughlin & S. R. Cornell 2004. High resolution sequence stratigraphy of a mixed carbonate-siliciclastic, cratonic ramp (Upper Ordovician; Kentucky–Ohio, USA): insight into the relative influence of eustacy and tectonics through analysis of facies gradients. Palaeogeography, Palaeoclimatology, Palaeoecology 210, 267–94.

T. M. Peryt 1981. Phanerozoic oncoids – a review. Facies 4, 197214.


A. W. A. Rushton , S. P. Tunnicliff & R. P. Tripp 1996. The faunas of the Albany Group in the Girvan area, and their palaeogeographical implications. Scottish Journal of Geology 32, 2332.


H. Sano & E. Tamada 1994. Collisional collapse-related internal destruction of Carboniferous–Permian limestone in Jurassic accretionary complex, southwest Japan. Journal of the Geological Society of Japan 100, 828–47.

R. E. L. Schallreuter , I. Hinz-Schallreuter & T. Suttner 2008. New Ordovician ostracodes from Himalaya and their palaeobiological and palaeogeographical implications. Revue de Micropaleontologie 51, 191204.

D. J. Siveter , J. M. C. Vannier & D. Palmer 1991. Silurian Myodocopes: pioneer pelagic ostracods and the chronology of an ecological shift. Journal of Micropalaeontology 10, 151–73.

U. Sivhed , M. Erlström , J. A. Bojeson-Koefoed & A. Löfgren 2004. Upper Ordovician carbonate mounds on Gotland, central Baltic Sea: distribution, composition and reservoir characteristics. Journal of Petroleum Geology 27, 115–40.

G. H. Spence & M. E. Tucker 1997. Genesis of limestone megabreccias and their significance in carbonate sequence stratigraphic models: a review. Sedimentary Geology 112, 163–19.

A. Stepanova , E. Taldenkova , J. Simstich & H. A. Bauch 2007. Comparison study of the modern ostracod associations in the Kara and Laptev Sea: Ecological aspects. Marine Micropaleontology 63, 111–42.

R. D. Stieglitz 1973. Carbonate needles: Additional Organic Sources. Bulletin of the Geological Society of America 84 (3), 927–30.

O. Tinn & T. Meidla 2004. Phylogenetic relationships of Early Middle Ordovician ostracods of Baltoscandia. Palaeontology 47, 199221.



J. Wendit & T. Aigner 1985. Facies patterns and depositional environments of Paleozoic cephalopod limestones. Sedimentary Geology 44, 263300.

M. Williams & J. D. Floyd 2000. Mid-Caradoc (Ordovician) Ostracodes from the Craighead Limestone Formation, Girvan district, south-west Scotland. Scottish Journal of Geology 36, 5160.

M. Williams , J. D. Floyd , M. J. Salas , D. J. Siveter , P. Stone & J. M. C. Vannier 2003. Patterns of ostracod migration for the “North Atlantic” region during the Ordovician. Palaeogeography, Palaeoclimatology, Palaeoecology 195, 193228.


M. Williams & D. J. Siveter 1996. Lithofacies-influenced ostracod associations in the middle Ordovician Bromide Formation, Oklahoma, USA. Journal of Micropalaeontology 15, 6981.

M. Williams , D. J. Siveter , M. J. Salas , J. Vannier , L. E. Popov & M. Ghoubadi Pour 2008. The earliest ostracods: the geological evidence. Senckenbergiana lethaea 88, 111.

M. Williams , P. Stone , D. J. Siveter & P. Taylor 2001 b. Upper Ordovician ostracods from the Cautley district, northern England: Baltic and Laurentian affinities. Geological Magazine 138, 589607.

M. Williams & J. M. C. Vannier 1995. Middle Ordovician Aparchitidae and Schmidtellidae: the significance of ‘featureless’ ostracodes. Journal of Micropalaeontology 14, 724.

V. Wright 1983. A Rendzina from the Lower Carboniferous of South Wales. Sedimentology 30, 159–79.

Recommend this journal

Email your librarian or administrator to recommend adding this journal to your organisation's collection.

Geological Magazine
  • ISSN: 0016-7568
  • EISSN: 1469-5081
  • URL: /core/journals/geological-magazine
Please enter your name
Please enter a valid email address
Who would you like to send this to? *
×

Keywords: