Skip to main content Accessibility help
×
Home

Response of shallow-sea benthic foraminifera to environmental changes off the coast of Goa, eastern Arabian Sea, during the last ∼6100 cal yr BP

  • Ponnusamy Saravanan (a1) (a2), Anil K. Gupta (a2), Hongbo Zheng (a1), Mruganka K. Panigrahi (a2), Sameer K. Tiwari (a3), Santosh K. Rai (a3) and Muthusamy Prakasam (a3)...

Abstract

We have analysed a 6100-year record of benthic and planktonic foraminifera from inner neritic sediments from Core SK291/GC13, off the Goa coast, eastern Arabian Sea, to understand the response of benthic foraminifera to shallow-marine processes. The benthic foraminiferal assemblage is dominated by Nonion cf. asterizans, Ammonia beccarii, A. gaimardii and Virgulinella fragilis, which have been selected on the basis of a population of 10% or more in any three samples analysed. The planktonic foraminiferal population is sporadic and rare, with Globigerinoides ruber as the predominant species showing a variable trend. The foraminiferal proxies combined with total organic carbon (wt%) and δ13C and δ18O values of Ammonia gaimardii suggest distinct variations, indicating changes in productivity and salinity in the shallow eastern Arabian Sea. The coastal waters off Goa were relatively warmer and less saline between 6100 and 4600, or perhaps to 4200, calibrated years before the present (cal yr BP), corresponding to a stronger monsoon in South and East Asia. The shallow sea was cooler from ~4200 to 2600 cal yr BP in the study area, coinciding with a lower sea surface temperature in the northeastern Arabian Sea and an arid phase in the Indian subcontinent. From 2900 to 2600 cal yr BP the study core exhibits the impacts of short-term cold events, which have earlier been observed in the northeastern Arabian Sea, off Pakistan. During the Little Ice Age, the shallow sea off Goa was less productive.

Copyright

Corresponding author

Author for correspondence: Ponnusamy Saravanan, Email: geosaran.jan26@gmail.com

References

Hide All
Agnihotri, R, Kurian, S, Fernandes, M, Reshma, K, D’Souza, W and Naqvi, SWA (2008) Variability of subsurface denitrification and surface productivity in the coastal eastern Arabian Sea over the past seven centuries. The Holocene 18, 755–64.10.1177/0959683608091795
Akimoto, K and Hasegawa, S (1989) Bathymetric distribution of the recent benthic foraminifers around Japan: as a contribution to the new paleobathymetric scale. Memoirs of the Geological Society of Japan 32, 229–40.
Altenbach, AV, Lutze, GF, Schiebel, R and Schönfeld, J (2003) Impact of interrelated and interdependent ecological controls on benthic foraminifera: an example from the Gulf of Guinea. Palaeogeography, Palaeoclimatology, Palaeoecology 197, 213–38.10.1016/S0031-0182(03)00463-2
Bernhard, JM and Sen Gupta, BK (1999) Foraminifera of oxygen-depleted environments. In Modern Foraminifera (ed. Sen Gupta, BK), pp. 201–7. Dordrecht: Kluwer Academic Publishers.10.1007/0-306-48104-9_12
Debenay, JP, Bénéteau, E, Zhang, J, Stouff, V, Geslin, E, Redois, F and Fernandez-Gonzalez, M (1998) Ammonia beccarii and Ammonia tepida (Foraminifera): morphofunctional arguments for their distinction. Marine Micropaleontology 34, 235–44.
Deshpande, RD, Muraleedharan, PM, Singh, RL, Kumar, B, Rao, MS, Dave, M, Sivakumar, KU and Gupta, SK (2013) Spatio-temporal distributions of δ18O, δD and salinity in the Arabian Sea: identifying processes and controls. Journal of Marine Chemistry 157, 144–61.10.1016/j.marchem.2013.10.001
Dixit, Y, Hodell, DA and Petrie, CA (2014) Abrupt weakening of the summer monsoon in northwest India ~4100 yr ago. Geology 42, 339–42.10.1130/G35236.1
Doose-Rolinski, H, Rogalla, U, Scheeder, G, Lückge, A and von Rad, U (2001) High-resolution temperature and evaporation changes during the late Holocene in the northeastern Arabian Sea. Paleoceanography 16, 358–67.10.1029/2000PA000511
Dutt, S, Gupta, AK, Wünnemann, B and Yan, D (2018) A long arid interlude in the Indian summer monsoon during ~4,350 to 3,450 cal. yr BP contemporaneous to displacement of the Indus valley civilization. Quaternary International 482, 8392.10.1016/j.quaint.2018.04.005
Gooday, AJ (1993) Deep-sea benthic foraminiferal species which exploit phytodetritus: characteristic features and controls on distribution. Marine Micropaleontology 22, 187205.10.1016/0377-8398(93)90043-W
Goodbred, SL and Kuehl, SA (2000) The significance of large sediment supply, active tectonism, and eustasy on margin sequence development: Late Quaternary stratigraphy and evolution of the Ganges–Brahmaputra delta. Sedimentary Geology 133, 227–48.10.1016/S0037-0738(00)00041-5
Gupta, AK (1993) Biostratigraphic vs. paleoceanographic importance of Stilostomella lepidula (Schwager) in the Indian Ocean. Micropaleontology 39, 4751.10.2307/1485973
Gupta, AK (2004) Origin of agriculture and domestication of plants and animals linked to early Holocene climate amelioration. Current Science 87, 54–9.
Gupta, AK, Anderson, DM and Overpeck, JT (2003) Abrupt changes in the Asian southwest monsoon during the Holocene and their links to the North Atlantic Ocean. Nature 421, 354–7.10.1038/nature01340
Gupta, AK, Mohan, K, Sarkar, S, Clemens, SC, Ravindra, R and Uttam, RK (2011) East–West similarities and differences in the surface and deep northern Arabian Sea records during the past 21Kyr. Palaeogeography, Palaeoclimatology, Palaeoecology 301, 7585.10.1016/j.palaeo.2010.12.027
Gupta, AK, Yuvaraja, A, Prakasam, M, Clemens, SC and Velu, A (2015) Evolution of the South Asian monsoon wind system since the late Middle Miocene. Palaeogeography, Palaeoclimatology, Palaeoecology 438, 160–7.10.1016/j.palaeo.2015.08.006
Hayward, BW, Holzmann, M, Grenfell, HR, Pawlowski, J and Triggs, CM (2004) Morphological distinction of molecular types in Ammonia – towards a taxonomic revision of the world’s most commonly misidentified foraminifera. Marine Micropaleontology 50, 237–71.10.1016/S0377-8398(03)00074-4
Hermelin, JOR (1992) Variations in the benthic foraminiferal fauna of the Arabian Sea: a response to changes in upwelling intensity? In Upwelling Systems: Evolution since the Early Miocene (eds Summerhayes, CP, Prell, WL, Emeis, K-C), pp. 151–66. Geological Society of London, Special Publication no. 64.
Hess, S and Kuhnt, W (1996) Deep-sea benthic foraminiferal recolonization of the 1991 Mt. Pinatubo ash layer in the South China Sea. Marine Micropaleontology 28, 171–97.
Hu, C, Henderson, GM, Huang, J, Xie, S, Sun, Y and Johnson, KR (2008) Quantification of Holocene Asian monsoon rainfall from spatially separated cave records. Earth and Planetary Science Letters 266, 221–32.
Imbrie, J, Hays, JD, Martinson, DG, McIntyre, A, Mix, AC, Morley, JJ, Pisias, NG, Prell, WL and Shackleton, NJ (1984) The orbital theory of Pleistocene climate: support from a revised chronology of the marine delta 18O record. In Milankovitch and Climate: Understanding the Response to Astronomical Forcing (eds Berger, AL, Imbrie, J, Hays, J, Kukla, G and Saltzman, B), pp. 269305. Dordrecht: Plenum Reidel.
Inoue, Y (1989) Northwest Pacific foraminifera as paleoenvironmental indicators. Science Reports of the Institute of Geoscience, University of Tsukuba. Section B, Geological Sciences 10, 57162.
Jonkers, L and Kučera, M (2015) Global analysis of seasonality in the shell flux of extant planktonic Foraminifera. Biogeosciences 12, 2207–26.
Jorissen, FJ (1988) Benthic foraminifera from the Adriatic Sea; principles of phenotypic variation. Utrecht Micropaleontological Bulletins 37, 7176.
Kench, PS, Smithers, SG, McLean, RF and Nichol, SL (2009) Holocene reef growth in the Maldives: evidence of a mid-Holocene sea-level highstand in the central Indian Ocean. Geology 37, 455–8.
Kitazato, H (1988) Ecology of benthic foraminifera in the tidal zone of a rocky shore. Revue de Paleobiologie 2, 815–25.
Kumar, SP and Prasad, TG (1999) Formation and spreading of Arabian Sea high salinity water mass Journal of Geophysical Research 104 1455–64.
Kumar, PK and Ramesh, R (2016) Revisiting reconstructed Indian monsoon rainfall variations during the last ~25 ka from planktonic foraminiferal δ18O from the Eastern Arabian Sea. Quaternary International 443, 2938.
Le Campion, J (1968) Foraminifères des principaux biotopes du Bassin d’Arcachon et du proche Océan. Bulletin du Centre d'Etudes et de Recherches Scientifiques Biarritz 7, 207391.
Leutenegger, S and Hansen, HJ (1979) Ultrastructural and radiotracer studies of pore function in foraminifera. Marine Biology 54, 1116.
Loubere, P and Fariduddin, M (1999) Benthic foraminifera and the flux of organic carbon to the seabed. In Modern Foraminifera (ed. Sen Gupta, BK), pp. 181–99. Dordrecht: Kluwer Academic Publishers.
Lutze, GF and Coulbourn, WT (1984) Recent benthic foraminifera from the continental margin of northwest Africa: community structure and distribution. Marine Micropaleontology 8, 361401.
Naqvi, SWA, Naik, H, Jayakumar, DA, Shailaja, MS and Narvekar, PV (2006) Seasonal oxygen deficiency over the western continental shelf of India. In Past and Present Water Column Anoxia pp. 195224. Dordrecht: Springer Netherlands
Northcote, LC and Neil, HL (2005) Seasonal variations in foraminiferal flux in the southern ocean, Campbell Plateau, New Zealand. Marine Micropaleontology 56, 122–37.
Poag, CW (1978) Paired foraminiferal ecophenotypes in gulf coast estuaries: ecological and paleoecological implicationsTransactions: Gulf Coast Association of Geological Societies 28, 395420.
Ponton, C, Giosan, L, Eglinton, TI, Fuller, DQ, Johnson, JE, Kumar, P and Collett, TS (2012) Holocene aridification of India. Geophysical Research Letters 39, 16. doi: 10.1029/2011GL050722.
Rohling, EJ (2007) Progress in paleosalinity: overview and presentation of a new approach. Paleoceanography 22, 19. doi: 10.1029/2007PA001437.
Saraswat, R, Lea, DW, Nigam, R, Mackensen, A and Naik, DK (2013) Deglaciation in the tropical Indian Ocean driven by interplay between the regional monsoon and global teleconnections. Earth and Planetary Science Letters 375, 166–75.
Saravanan, P, Gupta, AK, Zheng, H, Panigrahi, MK and Prakasam, M (2019) Late Holocene long arid phase in the Indian subcontinent as seen in shallow sediments of the eastern Arabian Sea. Journal of Asian Earth Sciences 181, 103915. doi: 10.1016/j.jseaes.2019.103915.
Schönfeld, J (2002) Recent benthic foraminiferal assemblages in deep high-energy environments from the Gulf of Cadiz (Spain). Marine Micropaleontology 44, 141–62.
Schott, FA and McCreary, JP (2001) The monsoon circulation of the Indian Ocean. Progress in Oceanography 51, 1123.
Schott, FA, Xie, SP and McCreary, JP (2009) Indian Ocean circulation and climate variability. Reviews of Geophysics 47, 146. doi: 10.1029/2007RG000245.
Schumacher, S, Jorissen, FJ, Dissard, D, Larkin, KE and Gooday, AJ (2007) Live (Rose Bengal stained) and dead benthic foraminifera from the oxygen minimum zone of the Pakistan continental margin (Arabian Sea). Marine Micropaleontology 62, 4573.10.1016/j.marmicro.2006.07.004
Sgarrella, F and Moncharmont Zei, M (1993) Benthic foraminifera of the Gulf of Naples (Italy): systematics and autoecology. Bolletino della Societa Paleontologica Italiana 32, 145264.
Shackleton, NJ (1967) Oxygen isotope analyses and Pleistocene temperatures re-assessed. Nature 215, 1517.
Shetye, SR, Shenoi, SSC, Gouveia, AD, Michael, GS, Sundar, D and Nampoothiri, G (1991) Wind-driven coastal upwelling along the western boundary of the Bay of Bengal during the southwest monsoon. Continental Shelf Research 11, 1397–408.10.1016/0278-4343(91)90042-5
Singh, RA, Jani, R and Ramesh, R (2010) Spatiotemporal variations of the δ18O-salinity relation in the northern Indian Ocean. Deep-Sea Research I 57 1422–31.10.1016/j.dsr.2010.08.002
Southon, J, Kashgarian, M, Fontugne, M, Metivier, B and Yim, WW (2002) Marine reservoir corrections for the Indian Ocean and Southeast Asia. Radiocarbon 44, 167–80.
Staubwasser, M, Sirocko, F, Grootes, PM and Segl, M (2003) Climate change at the 4.2 ka BP termination of the Indus valley civilization and Holocene South Asian monsoon variability. Geophysical Research Letters 30, 17. doi: 10.1029/2002GL016822.
Storz, D, Schulz, H, Waniek, JJ, Schulz-Bull, DE and Kučera, M (2009) Seasonal and interannual variability of the planktic foraminiferal flux in the vicinity of the Azores Current. Deep Sea Research Part I: Oceanographic Research Papers 56, 107–24.
Stott, LD, Hayden, TP and Griffith, J (1996) Benthic foraminifera at the Los Angeles county Whites Point outfall revisited. The Journal of Foraminiferal Research 26, 357–68.
Takata, H, Khim, BK, Cheong, D, Shin, S, Takayasu, K, Park, YH and Lim, HS (2016) Holocene benthic foraminiferal faunas in coastal deposits of the Nakdong River delta (Korea) and Izumo Plain (Japan). Quaternary International 392, 1324.
Takata, H, Seto, K, Sakai, S, Tanaka, S and Takayasu, K (2005) Correlation of Virgulinella fragilis Grindell & Collen (benthic foraminiferid) with near-anoxia in Aso-kai Lagoon, central Japan. Journal of Micropalaeontology 24, 159–67.
Tiwari, M, Nagoji, SS and Ganeshram, RS (2015) Multi-centennial scale SST and Indian summer monsoon precipitation variability since the mid-Holocene and its nonlinear response to solar activity. The Holocene 25, 1415–24.
Vénec-Peyré, M and Le Calvez, Y (1981) Étude des foraminifères de l’herbier à posidonies de Banyuls-sur-Mer. In Comptes Rendus du 106e Congrès national des Sociétés savants, Perpignan, Section des Sciences 1, 191203. Paris: Bibliothèque National.
Wang, Y, Cheng, H, Edwards, RL, He, Y, Kong, X, An, Z, Wu, J, Kelly, MJ, Dykoski, CA and Li, X (2005) The Holocene Asian monsoon: links to solar changes and North Atlantic climate. Science 308, 854–7.
Wyrtki, K (1973) Physical oceanography of the Indian Ocean. In The Biology of the Indian Ocean (ed. Zeizschel, B) pp. 1836. New York: Springer.10.1007/978-3-642-65468-8_3
Zhang, E, Zhao, C, Xue, B, Liu, Z, Yu, Z, Chen, R and Shen, J (2017) Millennial-scale hydroclimate variations in southwest China linked to tropical Indian Ocean since the Last Glacial Maximum. Geology 45, 435–8.

Keywords

Response of shallow-sea benthic foraminifera to environmental changes off the coast of Goa, eastern Arabian Sea, during the last ∼6100 cal yr BP

  • Ponnusamy Saravanan (a1) (a2), Anil K. Gupta (a2), Hongbo Zheng (a1), Mruganka K. Panigrahi (a2), Sameer K. Tiwari (a3), Santosh K. Rai (a3) and Muthusamy Prakasam (a3)...

Metrics

Full text views

Total number of HTML views: 0
Total number of PDF views: 0 *
Loading metrics...

Abstract views

Total abstract views: 0 *
Loading metrics...

* Views captured on Cambridge Core between <date>. This data will be updated every 24 hours.

Usage data cannot currently be displayed