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Law enforcement and mental health clinician partnerships in global mental health: outcomes for the Crisis Intervention Team (CIT) model adaptation in Liberia, West Africa

  • Mina Boazak (a1) (a2), Sarah Yoss (a3), Brandon A. Kohrt (a4), Wilfred Gwaikolo (a5), Pat Strode (a6), Michael T. Compton (a7) and Janice Cooper (a8)...

Abstract

Background

The Crisis Intervention Team (CIT) model is a law enforcement strategy that aims to build alliances between the law enforcement and mental health communities. Despite its success in the United States, CIT has not been used in low- and middle-income countries. This study assesses the immediate and 9-month outcomes of CIT training on trainee knowledge and attitudes.

Methods

Twenty-two CIT trainees (14 law enforcement officers and eight mental health clinicians) were evaluated using pre-developed measures assessing knowledge and attitudes related to mental illness. Evaluations were conducted prior to, immediately after, and 9 months post training.

Results

The CIT training produced improvements both immediately and 9 months post training in knowledge and attitudes, suggesting that CIT can benefit law enforcement officers even in extremely low-resource settings with limited specialized mental health service infrastructure.

Conclusion

These findings support further exploration of the benefits of CIT in highly under-resourced settings.

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Copyright

This is an Open Access article, distributed under the terms of the Creative Commons Attribution licence (http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/4.0/), which permits unrestricted re-use, distribution, and reproduction in any medium, provided the original work is properly cited.

Corresponding author

Author for correspondence: Janice Cooper, E-mail: janice.cooper@cartercenter.org

References

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Christian Ritter, JLST, Mark, RM and Natalie, B (2010) Crisis Intervention Team (CIT) training: selection effects and long-term changes in perceptions of mental illness and community preparedness. Journal of Police Crisis Negotiations 10, 133152.
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Johnson, K, Asher, J, Rosborough, S, Raja, A, Panjabi, R, Beadling, C and Lawry, L (2008) Association of combatant status and sexual violence with health and mental health outcomes in postconflict Liberia. JAMA 300, 676690.
Kohrt, BA, Blasingame, E, Compton, MT, Dakana, SF, Dossen, B, Lang, F, Strode, P and Cooper, J (2015) Adapting the Crisis Intervention Team (CIT) model of police-mental health collaboration in a low-income, post-conflict country: curriculum development in Liberia, West Africa. American Journal of Public Health 105, e73e80.
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Keywords

Law enforcement and mental health clinician partnerships in global mental health: outcomes for the Crisis Intervention Team (CIT) model adaptation in Liberia, West Africa

  • Mina Boazak (a1) (a2), Sarah Yoss (a3), Brandon A. Kohrt (a4), Wilfred Gwaikolo (a5), Pat Strode (a6), Michael T. Compton (a7) and Janice Cooper (a8)...

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