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The Maltese Dog

  • J. Busuttil
Extract

The Μελιταῖον κυνίδιον, as the very word κυνίδιον or its Latin equivalent, catulus, suggests, was a little lap-dog. It was so small that Aristotle compares it with an ἴκτις or marten and Aelian with the Indian Phattage. People commonly called it νανούδιον—a little dwarf. It was a well-proportioned, flat, long-haired dog with a bushy tail and a sharp nose of the type of the Spitz or Pomerian. We are also informed that it barked in a squeaky voice.

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page 205 note 1 The usual word is κυνίδιον—a little dog. The affectionate term κυνάριον is used by Theophrastus, (Characters, 21. 9) and by Athenaeus, (Deip. 12. 518). κύων is found in two of Aesop's Fables (Aesopica, Perry, Univ. of Illinois Press, 1952, pp. 349 and 357). In Latin, Pliny employs the words catulos Melitaeos (NH iii. 140).

page 205 note 2 Cf. Hist. Anim. ix. 6, 612b10.

page 205 note 3 Cf. Aelian, , On Animals, 16. 6.

page 205 note 4 Cf. Stählin, O., Paedagogus (Leipzig, 1905), i. 27. Scholion to the Paedagogus of Clement of Alexandria.

page 205 note 5 Cf. Arist. Probl. x. 12, 892a; RE viii, p. 2552; cf. Lietch, Virginia T., The Maltese Dog (Maryland, 1953), passim.

page 205 note 6 Cf. Lucian, περὶ τῶν έπὶ Μισθῶν Συνόντων 34: καὶ βάυον λεπτῇ τῇ φωνῇ—τοιαῦτα γὰρ τὰ Μελιταῖα.

page 205 note 7 Cf. Perry, , op. cit. 349, 73.

page 205 note 8 Cf. Deip., 12. 518.

page 205 note 9 Cf. Onirocriticon, lib. v, ed. Hercher, (Leipzig, 1864), 41.

page 205 note 10 Cf. Theophrastus, , Characters, xxi. 9.

page 205 note 11 Cf. Lucian, , op. cit. 34.

page 205 note 12 Cf. Aelian, , Varia, 13. 41.

page 205 note 13 id. vii. 40.

page 205 note 14 Cf. Tymnes, , Oxford Book of Greek Verse, no. 577.

page 205 note 15 Cf. Lucian, , op. cit. 34.

page 205 note 16 Cf. Alciphron, , Epis. lib. iii, letter 22.

page 206 note 1 Cf. Suidas, , Lexicon, sub voce Μελιταῖος.

page 206 note 2 NH xxx. 43: ‘ii quoque quos Melitaeos vocamus stomachi dolorem sedant adplicati saepius.’

page 206 note 3 RE viii, p. 2552.

page 206 note 4 Cf. Dictionnaire des antiquités grecques et romaines (Paris, 1881), 697, s.v. Chien.

page 206 note 5 Cf. Murray, M. A., Excavations in Malta, iii. 20.

page 206 note 6 ‘Inter quam et Illyricum Melite, unde catulos Melitaeos appellari Callimachus auctor est.’

page 206 note 7 Cf. Miller, E., Mélanges de littérature grecque (Paris, 1868), 213.

page 206 note 8 vi. 277.

page 206 note 9 Cf. op. cit.

page 206 note 10 Cf. Byzantinus, Stephanus, Ethnika (Graz, 1958), 443, 6.

page 206 note 11 Cf. Schaefer, , Etymologicum Magnum (Leipzig, 1816); and Miller, E., op. cit. 213.

page 207 note 1 Cf. Krumbacher, O., Geschichte der byzantinischen Litteratur, i. 573–4 (reprint by Bert Franklin, New York).

page 207 note 2 Cf. Stephanas Byzantinus, op. cit. 443, 6.

page 207 note 3 Cf. Jahreshefte des Osterreich. Arch. Instituts Wien, 8 (1905), 242 f.

page 207 note 4 Cf. RE as above; Mayr, A., Die Insel Malta im Altertum (München, 1909), 120.

page 207 note 5 Cf. Kaibel, O., Inscriptiones Graecae, xiv, no. 953.

page 207 note 6 Cf. Appian, , x. 2. 16.

page 208 note 1 Cf. Keller, O., op. cit. 243–4; Mayr, , op. cit. 20.

page 208 note 2 Cf. Malta Illustrata (Malta, 1647), 129: ‘Hoggi è quasi estinta questa razza.’

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Greece & Rome
  • ISSN: 0017-3835
  • EISSN: 1477-4550
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