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The World Health Organization Guidelines on Hand Hygiene in Health Care and Their Consensus Recommendations

Published online by Cambridge University Press:  02 January 2015

Didier Pittet*
Infection Control Program, University of Geneva Hospitals and Faculty of Medicine, Geneva, Switzerland World Alliance for Patient Safety, World Health Organization, Geneva, Switzerland
Benedetta Allegranzi
World Alliance for Patient Safety, World Health Organization, Geneva, Switzerland
John Boyce
Hospital of Saint Raphael, Yale University School of Medicine, New Haven, Connecticut
Infection Control Program, University of Geneva Hospitals and Faculty of Medicine, 4 Rue Gabrielle Perret-Gentil, 1211 Geneva 14, Switzerland (


The World Health Organization's Guidelines on Hand Hygiene in Health Care have been issued by WHO Patient Safety on 5 May 2009 on the occasion of the launch of the Save Lives: Clean Your Hands initiative. The Guidelines represent the contribution of more than 100 international experts and provide a comprehensive overview of essential aspects of hand hygiene in health care, evidence- and consensus-based recommendations, and lessons learned from testing their Advanced Draft and related implementation tools.

Who Guideline
Copyright © The Society for Healthcare Epidemiology of America 2009

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