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An Evaluation of the Prevalence of Vancomycin-Resistant Enterococci (VRE) and Methicillin-Resistant Staphylococcus aureus (MRSA) in Hospital Food

  • Jennie H. Kwon (a1), Kimberly A. Reske (a1), Tiffany Hink (a1), Sondra M. Seiler (a1), Meghan A. Wallace (a2), Kerry M. Bommarito (a1), Carey-Ann D. Burnham (a2) (a3) (a4) and Erik R. Dubberke (a1)...
Corresponding author
Address correspondence to Jennie H. Kwon DO, MSCI, Division of Infectious Diseases, Washington University School of Medicine, 4523 Clayton Ave, Campus Box 8051, St Louis, MO 63110 (
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1.Antibiotic Resistance Threats in the United States, 2013. Centers for Disease Control and Prevention website. Published 2014. Accessed January 9, 2016.
2. Gambarotto, K, Ploy, MC, Dupron, F, Giangiobbe, M, Denis, F. Occurrence of vancomycin-resistant Enterococci in pork and poultry products from a cattle-rearing area of France. J Clin Microbiol 2001;39:23542355.
3. Lopez, M, Saenz, Y, Rojo-Bezares, B, et al. Detection of vanA and vanB2-containing enterococci from food samples in Spain, including Enterococcus faecium strains of CC17 and the new singleton ST425. Int J Food Microbiol 2009;133:172178.
4. Basanisi, MG, La Bella, G, Nobili, G, Franconieri, I, La Salandra, G. Genotyping of methicillin-resistant Staphylococcus aureus (MRSA) isolated from milk and dairy products in South Italy. Food Microbiol 2017;62:141146.
5. de Boer, E, Zwartkruis-Nahuis, JT, Wit, B, et al. Prevalence of methicillin-resistant Staphylococcus aureus in meat. Int J Food Microbiol 2009;134:5256.
6. Vojkovska, H, Myskova, P, Gelbicova, T, Skockova, A, Kolackova, I, Karpiskova, R. Occurrence and characterization of food-borne pathogens isolated from fruit, vegetables and sprouts retailed in the Czech Republic. Food Microbiol 2017;63:147152.
7. Kwon, JH, Lanzas, C, Reske, KA, et al. An evaluation of food as a potential source for Clostridium difficile acquisition in hospitalized patients. Infect Control Hosp Epidemiol 2016;37:14011407.
8. Dubberke, ER, Reske, KA, Seiler, S, Hink, T, Kwon, JH, Burnham, CA. Risk factors for acquisition and loss of Clostridium difficile colonization in hospitalized patients. Antimicrob Agents Chemother 2015;59:45334543.
9. Clinical and Laboratory Standards Institute. Performance Standards for Antimicorbial Susceptibility Testing; Twenty-Fifth Informational Supplement. Vol. M100-S25. Wayne, Pennsylvania: Clinical and Laboratory Standards Institute; 2015.
10. Boye, K, Bartels, MD, Andersen, IS, Moller, JA, Westh, H. A new multiplex PCR for easy screening of methicillin-resistant Staphylococcus aureus SCCmec types I–V. Clin Microbiol Infect 2007;13:725727.
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Infection Control & Hospital Epidemiology
  • ISSN: 0899-823X
  • EISSN: 1559-6834
  • URL: /core/journals/infection-control-and-hospital-epidemiology
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