Pakyz, AL, MacDougall, C, Oinonen, M, Polk, RE. Trends in antibacterial use in US academic health centers: 2002 to 2006. Arch Intern Med
Ansari, F, Erntell, M, Goossens, H, Davey, P. The European surveillance of antimicrobial consumption (ESAC) point-prevalence survey of antibacterial use in 20 European hospitals in 2006. Clin Infect Dis
Hecker, MT, Aron, DC, Patel, NP, Lehmann, MK, Donskey, CJ. Unnecessary use of antimicrobials in hospitalized patients: current patterns of misuse with an emphasis on the antianaerobic spectrum of activity. Arch Intern Med
Dellit, TH, Owens, RC, McGowan, JE Jr., et al.
Infectious Diseases Society of America and the Society for Healthcare Epidemiology of America guidelines for developing an institutional program to enhance antimicrobial stewardship. Clin Infect Dis
Gould, LM. Minimum antibiotic stewardship measures. Clin Microbiol
Lawrence, KL, Kollef, MH. Antimicrobial stewardship in the intensive care unit: advances and obstacles. Am J Respir Crit Care Med
Brown, EM, Nathwani, D. Antibiotic cycling or rotation: a systematic review of the evidence of efficacy. J Anrimicrob Chemother
Vincent, JL, Relio, J, Marshall, J, et al.
International study of the prevalence and outcomes of infection in intensive care units. JAMA
Kaki, R, Elligsen, M, Walker, S, Simor, A, Palmay, L, Daneman, N. Impact of antimicrobial stewardship in critical care: a systematic review. J Antimicrob Chemother
Fan, E, Laupacis, A, Pronovost, PJ, Guyatt, GH, Needham, DM. How to use an article about quality improvement. JAMA
Polk, RE, Fox, C, Mahoney, A, Letcavage, J, MacDougall, C. Measurement of adult antibacterial drug use in 130 US hospitals: comparison of defined daily dose and days of therapy. Clin Infect Dis
Anderson, DJ, Kaye, KS, Classen, D, et al.
Strategies to prevent surgical site infections in acute care hospitals. Infect Control Hosp Epidemiol
Hussey, MA, Hughes, JP. Design and analysis of stepped wedge cluster randomized trials. Contemp Clin Trials
Gibbs, L, Kakis, A, Weinstein, P, Conte, JE Jr. Bone wax as a risk factor for surgical-site infection following neurospinal surgery. Infect Control Hosp Epidemiol
Geissler, A, Gerbeaux, P, Granier, I, Blanc, P, Facon, K, Durand-Gasselin, J. Rational use of antibiotics in the intensive care unit: impact on microbial resistance and costs. Intensive Care Med
Marra, AR, de Almeida, SM, Correa, L, et al.
The effect of limiting antimicrobial therapy duration on antimicrobial resistance in the critical care setting. Am J Infect Control
Brahmi, N, Biel, Y, Kouraichi, N, Ben, HR, Thabet, H, Amamou, M. Impact of antibiotic use and prescribing policy in a Tunisian intensive care unit [in French]. Med Mai Infect
Starr, JM, Campbell, A, Renshaw, E, Poxton, IR, Gibson, GJ. Spatio-temporal stochastic modelling of Clostridium difficile
. J Hosp Infect
Valiquette, L, Cossette, B, Garant, MP, Diab, H, Pepin, J. Impact of a reduction in the use of high-risk antibiotics on the course of an epidemic of Clostridium difficile-associated disease caused by the hypervirulent NAP1/027 strain. Clin Infect Dis
2007; 45(suppl 2):S112–S121.
Ntagiopoulos, PG, Paramythiotou, E, Antoniadou, A, Giamarellou, H, Karabinis, A. Impact of an antibiotic restriction policy on the antibiotic resistance patterns of gram-negative microorganisms in an intensive care unit in Greece. Int J Antimicrob Agents
Brahmi, N, Biel, Y, Kouraichi, N, et al.
Impact of ceftazidime restriction on gram-negative bacterial resistance in an intensive care unit. J Infect Chemother
Elligsen, M, Walker, S, Simor, A, Daneman, N. Antimicrobial prospective-audit and feedback in critical care: program implementation, experience and challenges. Can J Hosp Pharm (forthcoming).