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Healthcare-Associated Infection in Developing Countries: Simple Solutions to Meet Complex Challenges

  • Benedetta Allegranzi (a1) (a2) and Didier Pittet (a2)
Corresponding author
Infection Control Program, University of Geneva Hospitals, 24 Rue Micheli-du-Crest, 1211 Geneva 14, Switzerland (
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1.MW Raza , BM Kazi , M Mustafa , FK Gould . Developing countries have their own characteristic problem with infection control. J Hosp Infect 2004;57:294299.

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13.VD Rosenthal , DG Maki . Prospective study of the impact of open and closed infusion systems on rates of central venous catheter-associated bacteremia. Am J Infect Control 2004;32:135141.

14.RD Lobo , AS Levin , LM Gomes , et al. Impact of an educational program and policy changes on decreasing catheter-associated bloodstream infections in a medical intensive care unit in Brazil. Am J Infect Control 2005;33:8387.

15.VD Rosenthal , S Guzman , N Safdar . Reduction in nosocomial infection with improved hand hygiene in intensive care units of a tertiary care hospital in Argentina. Am J Infect Control 2005;33:392397.

16.F Higuera , VD Rosenthal , P Duarte , J Ruiz , G Franco , N Safdar . The effect of process control on the incidence of central venous catheter–associated bloodstream infections and mortality in intensive care units in Mexico. Crit Care Med 2005;33:20222027.

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20.D Pittet , P Mourouga , TV Perneger . Compliance with handwashing in a teaching hospital. Ann Int Med 1999;130:126130.

21.D Pittet , JM Boyce . Hand hygiene and patient care: pursuing the Semmelweis legacy. Lancet Infect Dis 2001;1:920.

23.H Sax , B Allegranzi , I Uckay , E Larson , J Boyce , D Pittet . “My five moments for hand hygiene”: a user-centred design approach to understand, train, monitor and report hand hygiene. J Hosp Infect 2007;67 921

24.D Pittet , S Hugonnet , S Harbarth , et al. Effectiveness of a hospital-wide programme to improve compliance with hand hygiene. Lancet 2000;356:13071312.

27.QA Ahmed , ZA Memish , B Allegranzi , D Pittet . Hand hygiene and the Muslim healthcare worker. Lancet 2006;367 10251027

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Infection Control & Hospital Epidemiology
  • ISSN: 0899-823X
  • EISSN: 1559-6834
  • URL: /core/journals/infection-control-and-hospital-epidemiology
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