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Effect of Standardized Surveillance of Intensive Care Unit–Acquired Infections on Ventilator-Associated Pneumonia Incidence

  • Thomas Bénet (a1) (a2), René Ecochard (a2) (a3), Nicolas Voirin (a1) (a2), Anaïs Machut (a4), Alain Lepape (a4) (a5), Anne Savey (a4) and Philippe Vanhems (a1) (a2)...

In a multicenter surveillance of intensive care unit (ICU)–acquired infections, adjusted ventilator-associated pneumonia (VAP) incidence diminished by −1.0% per year (95% confidence interval [CI], −1.8 to −0.2; P = .02) in ICUs with continuous surveillance but increased by +16.1% (95% CI, 0.5%–34.1%; P = .04) in the year following surveillance disruption, suggesting a preventive effect of surveillance on VAP.

Infect Control Hosp Epidemiol 2014;35(10):1290–1293

Corresponding author
MPH, Service d’Hygiène, Epidémiologie, et Prévention, Hôpital Edouard Herriot, Hospices Civils de Lyon, 5 place d’Arsonval, 69437 Lyon cedex 03, France (
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Infection Control & Hospital Epidemiology
  • ISSN: 0899-823X
  • EISSN: 1559-6834
  • URL: /core/journals/infection-control-and-hospital-epidemiology
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