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Fecal Microbiota Therapy: Ready for Prime Time?

  • Krishna Rao (a1), Vincent B. Young (a1) (a2) and David M. Aronoff (a3) (a4)
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3120 Taubman Center, 1500 East Medical Center Drive, SPC 5378, Ann Arbor, MI 48109 (
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1. BW Hurley , CC Nguyen . The spectrum of pseudomembranous enterocolitis and antibiotic-associated diarrhea. Arch Intern Med 2002;162(19):21772184.

3. I Figueroa , S Johnson , SP Sambol , EJC Goldstein , DM Citron , DN Gerding . Relapse versus reinfection: recurrent Clostridium difficile infection following treatment with fidaxomicin or vancomycin. Clin Infect Dis 2012;55(suppl 2):S104S109.

4. LV McFarland , GW Elmer , CM Surawicz . Breaking the cycle: treatment strategies for 163 cases of recurrent Clostridium difficile disease. Am J Gastroenterol 2002;97(7):17691775.

5. KW Garey , SS Ghantoji , DN Shah , et al.A randomized, double-blind, placebo-controlled pilot study to assess the ability of rif-aximin to prevent recurrent diarrhoea in patients with Clostridium difficile infection. J Antimicrob Chemother 2011;66(12): 28502855.

7. E Gough , H Shaikh , AR Manges . Systematic review of intestinal microbiota transplantation (fecal bacteriotherapy) for recurrent Clostridium difficile infection. Clin Infect Dis 2011;53(10):9941002.

8. E van Nood , A Vrieze , M Nieuwdorp , et al.Duodenal infusion of donor feces for recurrent Clostridium difficile. N Engl J Med 2013;368(5):407415.

10. JY Chang , DA Antonopoulos , A Kalra , et al.Decreased diversity of the fecal microbiome in recurrent Clostridium difficile-associated diarrhea. J Infect Dis 2008;197(3):435438.

11. VB Young , TM Schmidt . Antibiotic-associated diarrhea accompanied by large-scale alterations in the composition of the fecal microbiota. J Clin Microbiol 2004;42(3): 12031206.

12. M Warny , J Pepin , A Fang , et al.Toxin production by an emerging strain of Clostridium difficile associated with outbreaks of severe disease in North America and Europe. Lancet 2005; 366(9491):10791084.

13. K Rao , D Micie , E Chenoweth , et al.Poor functional status as a risk factor for severe Clostridium difficile infection in hospitalized older adults. J Am Geriatr Soc 2013;61(10):17381742.

14. F Barbut , JC Petit . Epidemiology of Clostridium difficile-associated infections. Clin Microbiol Infect 2001;7(8):405410.

15. MR Welfare , LC Lalayiannis , KE Martin , S Corbett , B Marshall , JB Sarma . Co-morbidities as predictors of mortality in Clostridium difficile infection and derivation of the ARC predictive score. J Hosp Infect 2011;79(4):359363.

16. MGH Besselink , HC van Santvoort , E Buskens , et al.Probiotic prophylaxis in predicted severe acute pancreatitis: a randomised, double-blind, placebo-controlled trial. Lancet 371(9613):651659.

17. LM De Leon , JB Watson , CR Kelly . Transient flare of ulcerative colitis after fecal microbiota transplantation for recurrent Clostridium difficile infection. Clin Gastroenterol Hepatol 2013;11(8): 10361038.

18. I Sekirov , SL Russell , LCM Antunes , BB Finlay . Gut microbiota in health and disease. Physiol Rev 2010;90(3):859904.

19. WS Garrett , GM Lord , S Punit , et al.Communicable ulcerative colitis induced by T-bet deficiency in the innate immune system. Cell 2007;131(1):3345.

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Infection Control & Hospital Epidemiology
  • ISSN: 0899-823X
  • EISSN: 1559-6834
  • URL: /core/journals/infection-control-and-hospital-epidemiology
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