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Risk Factors for Nosocomial Infections in a Critically Ill Pediatric Population: A 25-Month Prospective Cohort Study

  • Alfredo E. Gilio (a1), Adalberto Stape (a1), Crésio R. Pereira (a1), Maria Fátima S. Cardoso (a1), Claudia V. Silva (a1) and Eduardo J. Troster (a1)...

We studied risk factors for nosocomial infections among 500 critically ill children who were admitted to a pediatric intensive care unit from August 1994 through August 1996 and who were prospectively followed until death, transfer, or discharge. Age, gender, postoperative state, length of stay, device-utilization ratio, pediatric risk of mortality score, and total parenteral nutrition were the risk factors studied. Through multivariate analysis, we identified three independent risk factors for nosocomial infection: device-utilization ratio (odds ratio [OR], 1.6; 95% confidence interval [CI95], 1.10-2.34), total parenteral nutrition (OR, 2.5; CI95, 1.05-5.81) and length of stay (OR, 1.7; CI95, 1.31-2.21).

Corresponding author
Pediatric Intensive Care Unit, Hospital Israelita Albert Einstein, Av Albert Einstein, 627/701, Morumbi, CEP 05651-901, São Paulo, Brasil
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Infection Control & Hospital Epidemiology
  • ISSN: 0899-823X
  • EISSN: 1559-6834
  • URL: /core/journals/infection-control-and-hospital-epidemiology
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