Varona-Barquin, Aketza Ballesteros-Peña, Sendoa Lorrio-Palomino, Sergio Ezpeleta, Guillermo Zamanillo, Verónica Eraso, Elena and Quindós, Guillermo 2017. Detection and characterization of surface microbial contamination in emergency ambulances. American Journal of Infection Control, Vol. 45, Issue. 1, p. 69.
Aftab, Hassaan Bin Zia, Bushra Zahid, Mohammad Faizan Raheem, Ahmed and Beg, Mohammad Asim 2016. Knowledge, Attitude, and Practices of Healthcare Personnel Regarding the Transmission of Pathogens via Fomites at a Tertiary Care Hospital in Karachi, Pakistan. Open Forum Infectious Diseases, Vol. 3, Issue. 1, p. ofv208.
Alexander, Johannes Knopp, Gregor Dötsch, Andreas Wieland, Arne and Schwartz, Thomas 2016. Ozone treatment of conditioned wastewater selects antibiotic resistance genes, opportunistic bacteria, and induce strong population shifts. Science of The Total Environment, Vol. 559, p. 103.
Campos, Matias D. Zucchi, Paola C. Phung, Ann Leonard, Steven N. Hirsch, Elizabeth B. and Deshpande, Abhishek 2016. The Activity of Antimicrobial Surfaces Varies by Testing Protocol Utilized. PLOS ONE, Vol. 11, Issue. 8, p. e0160728.
Chatterjee, Rakesh Mondal, Abhisek Basu, Abhishek and Datta, Saumen 2016. Transition of phosphopantetheine adenylyltransferase from catalytic to allosteric state is characterized by ternary complex formation in Pseudomonas aeruginosa. Biochimica et Biophysica Acta (BBA) - Proteins and Proteomics, Vol. 1864, Issue. 7, p. 773.
Edelblute, C.M. Malik, M.A. and Heller, L.C. 2016. Antibacterial efficacy of a novel plasma reactor without an applied gas flow against methicillin resistant Staphylococcus aureus on diverse surfaces. Bioelectrochemistry, Vol. 112, p. 106.
Fattorini, Mattia Ceriale, Emma Nante, Nicola Lenzi, Daniele Manzi, Pietro Basagni, Claudia and Messina, Gabriele 2016. Use of a fluorescent marker for assessing hospital bathroom cleanliness. American Journal of Infection Control, Vol. 44, Issue. 9, p. 1066.
Fisher, Dale Pang, Long Salmon, Sharon Lin, Raymond T.P. Teo, Cathrine Tambyah, Paul Jureen, Roland Cook, Alex R. and Otter, Jonathan A. 2016. A Successful Vancomycin-Resistant Enterococci Reduction Bundle at a Singapore Hospital. Infection Control & Hospital Epidemiology, Vol. 37, Issue. 01, p. 107.
Garvey, M.I. Bradley, C.W. and Jumaa, P. 2016. Environmental decontamination following occupancy of a burns patient with multiple carbapenemase-producing organisms. Journal of Hospital Infection, Vol. 93, Issue. 2, p. 136.
Gostine, Andrew Gostine, David Donohue, Cristina and Carlstrom, Luke 2016. Evaluating the effectiveness of ultraviolet-C lamps for reducing keyboard contamination in the intensive care unit: A longitudinal analysis. American Journal of Infection Control, Vol. 44, Issue. 10, p. 1089.
Hessels, Amanda J. Genovese-Schek, Vinni Agarwal, Mansi Wurmser, Teri and Larson, Elaine L. 2016. Relationship between patient safety climate and adherence to standard precautions. American Journal of Infection Control, Vol. 44, Issue. 10, p. 1128.
Ho, Hanley J. Toh, Cheng Yen Ang, Brenda Krishnan, Prabha Lin, Raymond T.P. La, My-Van and Chow, Angela 2016. Outbreak of New Delhi metallo-β-lactamase-1–producing Enterobacter cloacae in an acute care hospital general ward in Singapore. American Journal of Infection Control, Vol. 44, Issue. 2, p. 177.
Jelden, Katelyn C. Gibbs, Shawn G. Smith, Philip W. Hewlett, Angela L. Iwen, Peter C. Schmid, Kendra K. and Lowe, John J. 2016. Comparison of hospital room surface disinfection using a novel ultraviolet germicidal irradiation (UVGI) generator. Journal of Occupational and Environmental Hygiene, Vol. 13, Issue. 9, p. 690.
Karahan, H. Enis Wei, Li Goh, Kunli Wiraja, Christian Liu, Zhe Xu, Chenjie Jiang, Rongrong Wei, Jun and Chen, Yuan 2016. Synergism of Water Shock and a Biocompatible Block Copolymer Potentiates the Antibacterial Activity of Graphene Oxide. Small, Vol. 12, Issue. 7, p. 951.
Kim, Jin Hwi Lee, Dong Hoon Joo, Yongsung Zoh, Kyung Duk Ko, Gwangpyo and Kang, Joo-Hyon 2016. Identification of environmental determinants for spatio-temporal patterns of norovirus outbreaks in Korea using a geographic information system and binary response models. Science of The Total Environment, Vol. 569-570, p. 291.
Lambertini, Elisabetta Buchanan, Robert L. Narrod, Clare and Pradhan, Abani K. 2016. Transmission of Bacterial Zoonotic Pathogens between Pets and Humans: The Role of Pet Food. Critical Reviews in Food Science and Nutrition, Vol. 56, Issue. 3, p. 364.
Lin, Jialing Lin, Dongxin Xu, Ping Zhang, Ting Ou, Qianting Bai, Chan and Yao, Zhenjiang 2016. Non-hospital environment contamination with Staphylococcus aureus and methicillin-resistant Staphylococcus aureus: proportion meta-analysis and features of antibiotic resistance and molecular genetics. Environmental Research, Vol. 150, p. 528.
Lofgren, Eric T. Egizi, Andrea M. and Fefferman, Nina H. 2016. Patients as Patches: Ecology and Epidemiology in Healthcare Environments. Infection Control & Hospital Epidemiology, Vol. 37, Issue. 12, p. 1507.
McCord, J. Prewitt, M. Dyakova, E. Mookerjee, S. and Otter, J.A. 2016. Reduction in Clostridium difficile infection associated with the introduction of hydrogen peroxide vapour automated room disinfection. Journal of Hospital Infection, Vol. 94, Issue. 2, p. 185.
Messina, Gabriele Fattorini, Mattia Nante, Nicola Rosadini, Daniele Serafini, Andrea Tani, Marco and Cevenini, Gabriele 2016. Time Effectiveness of Ultraviolet C Light (UVC) Emitted by Light Emitting Diodes (LEDs) in Reducing Stethoscope Contamination. International Journal of Environmental Research and Public Health, Vol. 13, Issue. 10, p. 940.
Studies in the 1970s and 1980s suggested that environmental surface contamination played a negligible role in the endemic transmission of healthcare-associated infections. However, recent studies have demonstrated that several major nosocomial pathogens are shed by patients and contaminate hospital surfaces at concentrations sufficient for transmission, survive for extended periods, persist despite attempts to disinfect or remove them, and can be transferred to the hands of healthcare workers. Evidence is accumulating that contaminated surfaces make an important contribution to the epidemic and endemic transmission of Clostridium difficile, vancomycin-resistant enterococci, methicillin-resistant Staphylococcus aureus, Acinetobacter baumannii, Pseudomonas aeruginosa, and norovirus and that improved environmental decontamination contributes to the control of outbreaks. Efforts to improve environmental hygiene should include enhancing the efficacy of cleaning and disinfection and reducing the shedding of pathogens. Further high-quality studies are needed to clarify the role played by surfaces in nosocomial transmission and to determine the effectiveness of different interventions in reducing associated infection rates.
This list contains references from the content that can be linked to their source. For a full set of references and notes please see the PDF or HTML where available.
Email your librarian or administrator to recommend adding this journal to your organisation's collection.
Full text views reflects the number of PDF downloads, PDFs sent to Google Drive, Dropbox and Kindle and HTML full text views.
Abstract views reflect the number of visits to the article landing page.
* Views captured on Cambridge Core between September 2016 - 29th March 2017. This data will be updated every 24 hours.