The ring nebulae that surround most Luminous Blue Variable (LBV) stars are believed to be the relics of one or more giant eruptions (cf. Nota, these proc.). The nebulae thus represent the stellar surface layers at the time of the eruption(s) and by analysing their chemical composition and dynamics, it is possible to infer the past evolutionary state of the star.
Observations with the Hubble Space Telescope (HST) and the Faint Object Spectrograph (FOS) were obtained for the nebulae around the two LMC LBVs R127 and R143, and the Ofpe/WN9 star S119 for the purpose of obtaining abundances. The spectra cover the wavelength range 3235–6818 Å and aslit of dimensions 1″.7 × 0″.2 was placed on the brightest portion of each nebula. Full details of these observations are given in Smith et al. (1998).