Skip to main content
×
Home
    • Aa
    • Aa

Nuclear astrophysics: nucleosynthesis in the Universe

  • Alinka Lépine-Szily (a1) and Pierre Descouvemont (a2)
Abstract
Abstract

Nuclear astrophysics is a relatively young science; it is about half a century old. It is a multidisciplinary subject, since it combines nuclear physics with astrophysics and observations in astronomy. It also addresses fundamental issues in astrobiology through the formation of elements, in particular those required for a carbon-based life. In this paper, a rapid overview of nucleosynthesis is given, mainly from the point of view of nuclear physics. A short historical introduction is followed by the definition of the relevant nuclear parameters, such as nuclear reaction cross sections, astrophysical S-factors, the energy range defined by the Gamow peak and reaction rates. The different astrophysical scenarios that are the sites of nucleosynthesis, and different processes, cycles and chains that are responsible for the building of complex nuclei from the elementary hydrogen nuclei are then briefly described.

Copyright
Corresponding author
e-mail: pdesc@ulb.ac.be
Linked references
Hide All

This list contains references from the content that can be linked to their source. For a full set of references and notes please see the PDF or HTML where available.

R. Alpher , H. Bethe & G. Gamow (1948). Phys. Rev. 73, 803. http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Bibcode.

C. Angulo (1999). Nucl. Phys. A 656, 3.

M. Asplund (2006). Astrophys. J. 644, 229.

C.L. Bennett (WMAP collaboration) (2003). Astrophys. J. (Suppl. Ser.) 148, 1.

H. Bethe (1939). Phys. Rev. 55, 434.

P. Bonifacio (2007). Astron. Astrophys. 462, 851.

C. Broggini (2010). Annu. Rev. Nucl. Part. Sci. 60, 53.

E.M. Burbidge , G.R. Burbidge , W.A. Fowler & F. Hoyle (1957). Rev. Mod. Phys. 29, 547.

G.R. Caughlan & W.A. Fowler (1988). At. Data Nucl. Data Tables 40, 283.

A. Coc (2012). Astrophys. J. 744, 158.

R.H. Cyburt , B.D. Fields & K.A. Olive (2008). J. Cosmol. Astropart. Phys. JCAP11(2008), 12.

P. Descouvemont (2004). At. Data Nucl. Data Tables 88, 203.

G. Hinshaw (2009). Astrophys. J. Suppl. 180, 225.

F. Hoyle (1946). Monthly Notices of the Royal Astron. Soc. 106, 343.

F. Hoyle (1954). Astrophys. J. Suppl. 1, 121.

C. Iliadis (2007). Nuclear Physics of Stars. Wiley-VCH Verlag GmbH, Weinheim.

Y.I. Izotov & T.X. Thuan (2010). Astrophys. J. 710, L67.

J. José & C. Iliadis (2011). Rep. Prog. Phys. 74, 096901.

T. Kajino , G.J. Mathews & G.M. Fuller (1990). Astrophys. J. 364, 7.

E. Komatsu (2009). Astrophys. J. Suppl. 180, 330.

S. Kubono (2001). Nucl. Phys. A 693, 221.

R. Longland (2010). Nucl. Phys. A 841, 1.

R.A. Malaney & W.A. Fowler (1988). Astrophys. J. 333, 14.

S. Mitton (2011). Fred Hoyle: A Life in Science. Cambridge University Press, Cambridge.

M. Peimbert , V. Luridiana & A. Peimbert (2007). Astrophys. J. 666, 636.

A.A. Penzias & R.W. Wilson (1964). Astrophys. J. 142, 419.

M. Pettini (2008). Mon. Not. R. Acad. Sci. 391, 1499.

S.G. Ryan (2000). Astrophys. J. 530, L57.

M.S. Smith & K.E. Rehm (2001). Annu. Rev. Nucl. Part. Sci. 51, 91.

R.V. Wagoner , W.A. Fowler & F. Hoyle (1967). Astrophys. J. 148, 3.

Recommend this journal

Email your librarian or administrator to recommend adding this journal to your organisation's collection.

International Journal of Astrobiology
  • ISSN: 1473-5504
  • EISSN: 1475-3006
  • URL: /core/journals/international-journal-of-astrobiology
Please enter your name
Please enter a valid email address
Who would you like to send this to? *
×

Keywords:

Metrics

Altmetric attention score

Full text views

Total number of HTML views: 2
Total number of PDF views: 14 *
Loading metrics...

Abstract views

Total abstract views: 126 *
Loading metrics...

* Views captured on Cambridge Core between September 2016 - 20th September 2017. This data will be updated every 24 hours.