Skip to main content Accessibility help
×
Home
Hostname: page-component-55597f9d44-zdfhw Total loading time: 0.292 Render date: 2022-08-09T17:56:02.006Z Has data issue: true Feature Flags: { "shouldUseShareProductTool": true, "shouldUseHypothesis": true, "isUnsiloEnabled": true, "useRatesEcommerce": false, "useNewApi": true } hasContentIssue true

Building Destruction: The Consequences of Rising Urbanization on Cultural Heritage in the Ramallah Province

Published online by Cambridge University Press:  14 April 2009

Salah H. al-Houdalieh
Affiliation:
Institute of Archaeology, Al-Quds University, Palestine. Email: shoudalieh@art.alquds.edu
Robert R. Sauders
Affiliation:
Department of Geography & Anthropology, Department of History, Eastern Washington University. Email: rsauders@ewu.edu

Abstract

Urbanization, particularly in terms of private housing construction, constitutes a mounting threat to cultural heritage sites in Palestine. At risk are not only archaeological sites, but traditional architecture and other locations of cultural heritage. The Ramallah province serves as a practical case study by which to examine how this process of urbanization affects the cultural heritage of the region, because of the increased rate of development the province has experienced over the past decade. This urbanization has proceeded with relatively little governmental oversight and administration by the Palestinian National Authority (PNA) and is typified by an absence of planning, which often places sites of cultural, historical, and archaeological significance in severe jeopardy. This article considers both the internal and external factors affecting the urbanization of Ramallah and proposes solutions to mitigate the dangers to cultural heritage posed by unchecked urban growth.

Type
Research Article
Copyright
Copyright © International Cultural Property Society 2009

Access options

Get access to the full version of this content by using one of the access options below. (Log in options will check for institutional or personal access. Content may require purchase if you do not have access.)

References

Abu Hajar, A. The Encyclopedia of the Palestinian Cities and Villages. Amman, 2003.Google Scholar
Abu Khalaf, Marwan, A'mar, Ibrahim Abu, al-Houdalieh, Salah, and Hoyland, Robert. “The Byzantine and Early Islamic Settlement of Khirbat Shuwayka.” Web Journal of Cultural Patrimony 2 (2006): 4776.Google Scholar
al-Dabagh, Mustafa Murad. Palestine, Our Home. Beirut: Tali'a, 1966.Google Scholar
al-Houdalieh, Salah. “The Destruction of Palestinian Archaeolgoical Heritage: Saffa Village as a Model.” Near Eastern Archaeology 69, no. 2 (2006): 102–12.Google Scholar
Amnesty International. “Israel and the Occupied Territories Surviving under Siege: The Impact of Movement Restrictions on the Right to Work (MDE 15/001/2003).” London, 2003.Google Scholar
Bagatti, Bellarmino. Ancient Christian Villages of Samaria. Jerusalem: Franciscan Printing Press, 2002.Google Scholar
Brodie, Neil, and Colin, Renfrew. “Looting and the World's Archaeological Heritage: The Inadequate Response.” Annual Review of Anthropology 35 (2005): 343–61.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
Brodie, Neil, and Tubb, Kathryn Walker. Illicit Antiquities: The Theft of Culture and the Extinction of Archaeology. One World Archaeology, 42. London: Routledge, 2002.Google Scholar
Callaway, Joseph A. “Raddana, Khirbet.” In New Encyclopedia of Archaeological Excavation in the Holy Land, edited by Stern, Ephraim, 1253–54. Jerusalem: Carta, 1993.Google Scholar
Callaway, Joseph A., and Cooley, Robert E.. “A Salvage Excavation at Raddana, in Bireh.” Bulletin of the American Schools of Oriental Research 201 (1971): 919.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
Conder, C.R., Kitchener, Horatio Herbert, Palmer, Edward Henry, and Besant, Walter. The Survey of Western Palestine. Memoirs of the Topography, Orography, Hydrography, and Archaeology. London: Committee of the Palestine Exploration Fund, 1881.Google Scholar
Cooley, Robert E.Four Seasons of Excavation at Khirbet Raddana.” Near Eastern Archaeological Society Bulletin 5 (1975): 520.Google Scholar
Coward, Martin. “Against Anthropocentrism: The Destruction of the Built Environment as a Distinct Form of Political Violence.” Review of International Studies 32, no. 3 (2006): 419–37.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
El-Eini, Roza. Mandated Landscape : British Imperial Rule in Palestine, 1929–1948. London: Routledge, 2006.Google Scholar
Finkelstein, Israel, and Lederman, Zvi, eds. Highlands of Many Cultures: The Southern Samaria Survey. Vol. 14, Monograph Series of the Sonia and Marco Nadler Institute of Archaeology. Tel Aviv: Tel Aviv University, 1997.Google Scholar
Graham, Stephen. “Postmortem City.” City 8, no. 2 (2004): 165–96.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
Johansson, Bengt O.H., and Kämpe, Ann. “Review of the Cultural Heritage Sector in the Palestinian Areas—the Built Environment and Cultural Landscapes: Final Report.” Swedish International Development Cooperation Agency, 2006.Google Scholar
Kershner, Isabel. “The Changing Face of Ramallah.” The Jerusalem Report (1999): 28.Google Scholar
Khamaisi, Rassem. “Planning and Developing a New Palestinian Urban Core under Conditional Israeli Occupation: Ramallah City.” In Cities between Integration and Disintegration: Opportunities and Challenges—International Society of City and Regional Planners Congress. Istanbul, Turkey, 2006.Google Scholar
Lowenthal, David. “Natural and Cultural Heritage.” International Journal of Heritage Studies 11, no. 1 (2005): 8192.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
McAlister, Martin E. “Looting and Vandalism of Archaeological Resources on Federal and Indian Lands in the United States.” In Protecting the Past, 9399: Boca Raton: CRC Press, 1991.Google Scholar
Meskell, Lynn. “Negative Heritage and Past Mastering in Archaeology.” Anthropological Quarterly 75, no. 3 (2002): 557–74.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
Miller, Joseph C., and Pitaluga, Patricia. “Cultural Marketing and Archaeology: The Case of Brazil.” Journal of Nonprofit and Public Sector Marketing 8, no. 4 (2001): 6374.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
Naerouz, Ibrahim. Ramallah: Geography, History and Civilization. Ramallah, 2004.Google Scholar
Palestinian Central Bureau of Statistics. “Projected Mid-Year Population for Ramallah & Al Bireh Governorate by Locality 2004–2006.” http://www.pcbs.gov.ps/Portals/_pcbs/populati/pop07.aspx (Accessed November 17, 2007).Google Scholar
Reinhold, R.Theft and Vandalism: An Archaeological Disaster.” Expedition 15, no. 4 (1973): 26.Google Scholar
Reyman, Jonathan Eric. “Vandalism and Site Destruction at Some National Parks and Monuments: A Call for Action.” Newsletter—American Society for Conservation Archaeology 6, no. 3 (1979): 49.Google Scholar
Riwaq. Registry of Historic Buildings in Palestine, Vol. 2. Ramallah: Riwaq, 2006.Google Scholar
Shaheen, Lubna. “The Urbanization Impact on the Palestinian Landscape.” Paper presented at the International Conference on Conservation and Management of Landscape in Conflict Regions, Birzeit University, 2007.Google Scholar
Shehadeh, Raja. Occupier's Law: Israel and the West Bank, rev. ed.Washington, DC: Institute for Palestine Studies, 1988.Google Scholar
Spennemann, Dirk H.R.Cultural Heritage Conservation During Emergency Management: Luxury or Necessity?International Journal of Public Administration 22, no. 5 (1999): 745804.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
Tsimhoni, Daphne. “Israel and the Territories—Disappearance.” Middle East Quarterly 8, no. 1 (2001): 31.Google Scholar
United Nations Department of Economic, and Social Affairs, Population Division. World Population Prospects: The 2006 Revision. New York: United Nations Publications, 2006.Google Scholar
Vandkilde, Helle. “Commemorative Tales: Archaeological Responses to Modern Myth, Politics, and War.” World Archaeology 35, no. 1 (2003): 126–44.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
Yahya, Adel. “Archaeology and Nationalism in the Holy Land.” In Archaeologies of the Middle East: Critical Perspectives, edited by Pollock, Susan and Bernbeck, Reinhard. Malden, MA: Blackwell, 2005.Google Scholar
15
Cited by

Save article to Kindle

To save this article to your Kindle, first ensure coreplatform@cambridge.org is added to your Approved Personal Document E-mail List under your Personal Document Settings on the Manage Your Content and Devices page of your Amazon account. Then enter the ‘name’ part of your Kindle email address below. Find out more about saving to your Kindle.

Note you can select to save to either the @free.kindle.com or @kindle.com variations. ‘@free.kindle.com’ emails are free but can only be saved to your device when it is connected to wi-fi. ‘@kindle.com’ emails can be delivered even when you are not connected to wi-fi, but note that service fees apply.

Find out more about the Kindle Personal Document Service.

Building Destruction: The Consequences of Rising Urbanization on Cultural Heritage in the Ramallah Province
Available formats
×

Save article to Dropbox

To save this article to your Dropbox account, please select one or more formats and confirm that you agree to abide by our usage policies. If this is the first time you used this feature, you will be asked to authorise Cambridge Core to connect with your Dropbox account. Find out more about saving content to Dropbox.

Building Destruction: The Consequences of Rising Urbanization on Cultural Heritage in the Ramallah Province
Available formats
×

Save article to Google Drive

To save this article to your Google Drive account, please select one or more formats and confirm that you agree to abide by our usage policies. If this is the first time you used this feature, you will be asked to authorise Cambridge Core to connect with your Google Drive account. Find out more about saving content to Google Drive.

Building Destruction: The Consequences of Rising Urbanization on Cultural Heritage in the Ramallah Province
Available formats
×
×

Reply to: Submit a response

Please enter your response.

Your details

Please enter a valid email address.

Conflicting interests

Do you have any conflicting interests? *