Abdelkader, Engy (2014) ‘To Judge or Not to Judge: A Comparative Analysis of Islamic Jurisprudential Approaches to Female Judges in the Muslim World (Indonesia, Egypt and Iran)’, Fordham International Law Review 37(2): 309–372.
Abou El Fadl, Khaled (2001) Speaking in God's Name: Islamic Law, Authority and Women. Oxford: Oneworld.
Abu Bakr, Huda (2010) ‘Islamic Shari'a Does Not Prohibit Women from Becoming Judges’ [in Arabic], Al-Dustur, 5 March, online: <http://www.masress.com/dostor/8206> (last accessed 17 July 2014). Amin, Tariq (2006) ‘The Judges Club Receives “the Accountants” on Monday and Its President Describes the Campaign to Appoint Women to the Judiciary as “Biased”’ [in Arabic], Al-Masry al-Yawm, 3 December, online: <http://today.almasryalyoum.com/article2.aspx?ArticleID=39578> (last accessed 21 July 2014).
Anaonline (2013) ‘The Mufti Approves Women's Appointment as Judges and High-Level State Positions’ [in Arabic], AnaOnline (copy on file with authors).
Barsoum, Leila (2004) The Employment Crisis of Female Graduates in Egypt: An Ethnographic Account. Cairo: American University in Cairo Press.
Bensaid, Benaouda, Grine, Fadial and Mohd Nor, Mohd Roslan (2013) ‘Understanding Muslim Theology in the Works of Shaykh Muhammad Ghazali’, Kemanusiaan 20(1): 33–50.
Bernard-Maugiron, Nathalie (2008) ‘Introduction’, in Bernard-Maugiron, Nathalie (ed.), Judges and Political Reform in Egypt. Cairo: American University in Cairo Press, 1–18.
Bernard-Maugiron, Nathalie and Dupret, Baudouin (2002) ‘Introduction: A General Presentation of Law and Judicial Bodies’, in Bernard-Maugiron, Nathalie, Dupret, Baudouin and Rady, Wael (eds), Egypt and Its Laws. London: Kluwer Law International, xxiv–li.
Brown, Nathan J. (2011) ‘Egypt: Cacophony and Consensus in the Twenty-first Century’, in Hefner, Robert W. (ed.), Shari'a Politics: Islamic Law and Society in the Modern Muslim World. Bloomington, IN: Indiana University Press, 94–120.
Al-Dardir, Abu al-Barakat (1986) Al-Sharh al-Saghir. Cairo: Dar El-Maaref, 4/187.
Al-Dasuqi, Shams al-Din (2008) Hashiyyat al-Dasuqi ‘ala l-Sharh al-Kabir. Cairo: Matbah al-Azhar, 4:129.
Eickelman, Dale F. and Piscatori, James P. (2004 ) ‘The Invention of Tradition in Muslim Politics’, in Eickelman, Dale F. and Piscatori, James P. (eds), Muslim Politics. Princeton: Princeton University Press, 22–45.
Al-Ghazali, Muhammad (1989) Al-Sunna al-Nabawiya bayn Ahl al-Fiqh wa Ahl al-Hadith [The Prophet's Sunna between the People of Fiqh and the People of Hadith]. Cairo: Dar El Shorouk.
Hallaq, Wael B. (1984) ‘Was the Gate of Ijtihad Closed?’, International Journal of Middle Eastern Studies 16(1): 3–41.
Hamad, Mahmoud (2006) ‘The Politics of Judicial Selection in Egypt’, in Malleson, Kate (ed.), Appointing Judges in an Age of Judicial Power. Toronto: University of Toronto Press, 260–279.
Hamad, Mahmoud (2008) When the Gavel Speaks: Judicial Politics in Modern Egypt. Self-published PhD, University of Utah.
Hefner, Robert W. (2011) Shari'a Politics: Islamic Law and Society in the Modern World. Bloomington, IN: Indiana University Press.
Ibn Hanbal, Ahmad (1993) Musnad Imam Ahmad ibn Hanbal. Cairo: Dar Ihya al-Kitab al-Arabi, 5:231.
Ibn, Hazm (1990) Al-Muhalla. Cairo: Dar al-Afaq al-Jadida, 9:492.
Ibn Kathir, Isma'il (1998) Interpretation of the Qur'an [in Arabic]. Cairo: Dar al-Turath.
Ibn Qudama, Mawaffaq al-Din (1985) Al-Mughni. Cairo: Dar Ihya al-Turath al-Arabi, 39/9.
Ibn Salim, Ibrahim Ibn Muhammad (2010) Manar al-Sabil fi Sharh al-Dalil ‘ala Madhab al-Imam Ahmad Ibn Hanbal. Cairo: Dar al-Hadith, 2:342.
Kersten, Carool and Olsson, Susanne (2013) Alternative Islamic Discourses and Religious Authority. Farnham: Ashgate.
Labib Rizk, Yunan (2004) ‘Lady Lawyer’, Al-Ahram Weekly, 8–14 January.
Lombardi, Clark B. (2006) State Law as Islamic Law in Modern Egypt: The Incorporation of the Sharī'a into Egyptian Constitutional Law. Leiden: Brill.
Al-Mahalli, Jalal al-Din and Al-Suyuti, Jalal al-Din (2011) The Galalayn Interpretation of the Qur'an [in Arabic]. Al-Mansura: Maktab al-Iman.
Masud, Muhammad Khalid (2014) ‘Adab al-qādī’, in Encyclopaedia of Islam, vol. 3. Leiden: Brill.
Melchert, Christopher (1997) The Formation of the Sunni Schools of Law, 9th–10th Centuries C.E. Leiden: Brill.
Mohdzin, Najibah (forthcoming) ‘Female Judges in Malaysian Shariah Courts: A Problem of Gender or Legal Interpretation?’, in Lindbekk, Monika and Sonneveld, Nadia (eds), Women Judges in the Muslim World: A Comparative Study of Discourse and Practice. Leiden: Brill.
Mustafa, Hana’ (1994) ‘Women..Judges?’ [in Arabic]?, Al-Wafd, 14 June.
Otto, Jan Michiel (1995) ‘Jurists, Nation Building, and Social Tensions in Egypt’, in Galjart, Benno and Silva, Patricio (eds), Designers of Development: Intellectuals and Technocrats in the Third World. Leiden: CNWS, 107–128.
Al-Qalyubi, Shihab al-Din and 'umayra (2011) Hashiyat al-Qalyubi wa Umayra fi Fiqh al-Imam al-Shafi'i. Cairo: Matbah al-Azhar, 4:296.
Al-Qaradawi, Yusuf (1997) Min Fiqh al-Dawla fi-l-Islam [On the Jurisprudence of the State in Islam]. Cairo: Dar El Shorouk.
Al-Qasani, Abu-Bakr (1986) Bada'i al-Sana'i fi Tartib al-Shari'a. Al-Riyad: Dar al-Kutub al-'Ilmiyah, 9:4079.
Al-Qurtubi, Abu 'Abdullah (2011) Interpretation of the Qur'an [in Arabic]. Al-Mansura: Maktab al-Iman.
Rawiya, al Kamil Shatib (n.d.) ‘The Appointment of Women as Judges from an Islamic and Legal Point of View’ [in Arabic] (copy on file with authors).
Reid, Donald Malcolm (1981) Lawyers and Politics in the Arab World: 1880–1960. Minneapolis, MN: Bibliotheca Islamica.
Rutherford, Bruce K. (2008) Egypt after Mubarak: Liberalism, Islam, and Democracy in the Arab World. Princeton, NJ and Oxford: Princeton University Press.
Salvatore, Armando (2009) ‘The Reform Project in the Emerging Public Spheres’, in Masud, Muhammad Khalid, Salvatore, Armando and van Bruinessen, Martin (eds), Islam and Modernity: Key Issues and Debates. Edinburgh: Edinburgh University Press, 185–205.
El Sayed, Ahmed (2006–2007) ‘Female Judges in Egypt’, Yearbook of Islamic and Middle Eastern Law 13: 135–149.
Al-Sharbini, al-Khatib (1990) Mughni al-Muhtag. Beirut: Dar El-Fikr, 6/262.
Sonneveld, Nadia (2012) Khul’ Divorce in Egypt: Public Debates, Judicial Practices, and Everyday Life. Cairo and New York: American University in Cairo Press and Oxford University Press.
Sonneveld, Nadia (forthcoming) ‘Women's Access to Legal Education and Their Appointment to the Judiciary: The Dutch, Egyptian and Indonesian Cases Compared’, in Lindbekk, Monika and Sonneveld, Nadia (eds), Women Judges in the Muslim World: A Comparative Study of Discourse and Practice. Leiden: Brill.
Tawfik, Ahmed (2009) ‘The Concept of Crime in the Afghan Criminal Justice System: The Paradox between Secular, Tradition and Islamic Law, a View Point of an International Practitioner’, International Criminal Law Review 9: 667–687.
‘Uthman, Hagir (2014) ‘In Women's First Post-Constitutional Entitlement..The State Council Refuses the Appointment of Women as Judges..and the Council Declares “For Males Only”’ [in Arabic], al-Badil, 22 January, online: <http://wp.me/p3XNml-2MDW> (last accessed 18 July 2014).
Vikør, Knut S. (2005) Between God and the Sultan: A History of Islamic Law. Oxford: Oxford University Press.
Zakariya, Huda (2013) ‘Aisha Ratib..Died before Her Dream of Appointing Women to the Office of the Public Prosecutor was Realised..Sadat Appointed Her as a Minister after He Saw Her Refusal to Increase the Powers of the President in the 1971 Constitution.. She Was Made To Resign Because She Refused an Increase in Prices' [in Arabic], al-Yawm al-Saba‘, 4 May, online: <http://www.youm7.com/News.asp?NewsID=1048831&#.U8Ts7ajDAXw> (last accessed 15 July 2014).
Zaman, Muhammad Qasim (2009) ‘The Ulama and Contestations on Religious Authority’, in Masud, Muhammad Khalid, Salvatore, Armando and van Bruinessen, Martin (eds), Islam and Modernity: Key Issues and Debates. Edinburgh: Edinburgh University Press, 206–236.
Zeghal, Malika (1999) ‘Religion and Politics in Egypt: The Ulema of al-Azhar, Radical Islam, and the State (1952–94)’, International Journal of Middle East Studies 31(1): 371–399.