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Published online by Cambridge University Press:  15 July 2010


I begin with a pair of narratives:

[Jenin] itself showed signs of the Government's wrath. It was in a shocking state, having the appearance of a front-line town in a modern war. Huge gaps were visible between the blocks of buildings and houses, while piles of rubble lay across the streets. . . . Many men had been arrested and detained, while many buildings, including shops and offices, had been demolished as a punitive measure by the military.

On the fourth day, they managed to enter [the Jenin camp] because . . . this giant tank could simply run over booby traps, especially since they were very primitive booby traps. Once the army took over our street, they started shooting missiles from the air. On the fifth day they started shelling homes. A large number of people were killed or wounded. My neighbour's home was blown up by missiles . . . Close to us was a group of [detained] young men. They were handcuffed, naked, and lying on their stomachs . . . They would take each one of us and force us onto the ground, stomping on our backs and heads. One soldier would put his machine gun right on your head, and the other would tie you up.

The first narrative dates from 1939, when the British finally suppressed the Arab Revolt; the second is from the Israeli counterinsurgency against Palestinians during the second intifada in 2002. What is striking about the two narratives is not only the similarity of “control” measures and the targeting of politically mobilized towns and villages across time but also the persistence of these techniques across different administrative/colonial systems. Further, these practices—house demolitions, detention of all men of a certain age, and the targeting of civilian spaces and populations—are familiar from other counterinsurgency contexts, whether British and French colonial wars in the 20th century or the 21st-century wars of the United States in Iraq and Afghanistan.

Copyright © Cambridge University Press 2010

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Author's Note: I thank the British Academy, the Harry Frank Guggenheim Foundation, and the School of Oriental and African Studies' research funds for generously providing necessary financial support for the research undertaken here. I am also sincerely grateful for the perceptive and thoughtful critiques of the four anonymous IJMES reviewers; for the questions and commentary by Beth Baron and Sara Pursley of IJMES; and to Ruth Blakeley, John Chalcraft, Rob Dover, Lisa Hajjar, Dan Neep, Sayres Rudy, Ted Swedenburg, and Lynn Welchman for their very useful comments and critiques, which even if I did not incorporate here, I hope to do so in the larger book project, of which this is a small part.

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51 See (accessed 2 July 2009).

52 See conference on “The Second Lebanon War: Lessons for Modern Militaries,” held on 20 June 2008, (accessed 2 July 2009).

53 Sari Horwitz, “Israeli Experts Teach Police On Terrorism,” in the Washington Post (12 June 2005); Jewish Institute for National Security Affairs, “JINSA Launches Law Enforcement Exchange,” 2002, (accessed 12 February 2009).

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