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BEEN THERE, DONE THAT, BOUGHT THE T-SHIRT: BEŞIKTAŞ FANS AND THE COMMODIFICATION OF FOOTBALL IN TURKEY

Abstract
Abstract

In this article, I explore how the rapid commercialism and commodification of Turkish premier league football has affected the activities of a particular fan group, Çarşı, for the club Beşiktaş, one of Turkey's oldest teams. I look at how elements of the commodification of football have been harnessed and mediated by Çarşı to make ethical and political statements and convey an anarcho-socialist message. These processes, I argue, are driven by the possibilities opened up by rapid social and technological development. The shift to searching for identity among the forums and video websites of the internet, rather than on the terraces of Beşiktaş, is profoundly altering how fans construct their allegiance to the fan group and the club. This process, it will be shown, is not so much liberating supporters from the requirements of fandom as it is generating new conventions and processes to which Çarşı members must adhere.

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John McManus is a PhD student in Social and Cultural Anthropology at Green Templeton College, University of Oxford, Oxford, U.K.; e-mail: johnmcman@gmail.com
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This list contains references from the content that can be linked to their source. For a full set of references and notes please see the PDF or HTML where available.

Adrian Walsh and Richard Giulianotti , Ethics, Money and Sport: This Sporting Mammon (London: Routledge, 2007), 4, 14.

Richard Giulianotti , “Supporters, Followers, Fans and Flaneurs: A Taxonomy of Spectator Identities in Football,” Journal of Sport and Social Issues 26 (2002): 2546.

Robert Hastings , “Juve is Magic: The Anglicisms of Italian Football Graffiti,” Italian Studies 39 (1984): 102.

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International Journal of Middle East Studies
  • ISSN: 0020-7438
  • EISSN: 1471-6380
  • URL: /core/journals/international-journal-of-middle-east-studies
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