Skip to main content
    • Aa
    • Aa
  • Get access
    Check if you have access via personal or institutional login
  • Cited by 6
  • Cited by
    This article has been cited by the following publications. This list is generated based on data provided by CrossRef.

    Abdalla, Mohamad 2015. The Wiley Blackwell Encyclopedia of Race, Ethnicity, and Nationalism.

    Maridal, J. Haavard 2013. Cultural impact on national economic growth. The Journal of Socio-Economics, Vol. 47, p. 136.

    Abdullahi, Ali Arazeem and Salawu, Bashir 2012. Ibn Khaldun: A Forgotten Sociologist?. South African Review of Sociology, Vol. 43, Issue. 3, p. 24.

    Bariloche, Roberto Kozulj - Fundación 2011. A Critical View of Innovation in the Context of Poverty, Unemployment and Slow Economic Growth. Modern Economy, Vol. 02, Issue. 03, p. 228.

    Moaddel, Mansoor 2002. The Study of Islamic Culture and Politics: An Overview and Assessment. Annual Review of Sociology, Vol. 28, Issue. 1, p. 359.

    Wilson, Rodney 1997. Economics, Ethics and Religion.

  • International Journal of Middle East Studies, Volume 27, Issue 1
  • February 1995, pp. 29-37

Ibn Khaldun on Economic Transformation

  • Dieter Weiss (a1)
  • DOI:
  • Published online: 01 April 2009

A number of Arab countries have been exposed to structural adjustment programs. Under the guidance of the World Bank and the International Monetary Fund, these programs are aimed at making various kinds of Arab socialist and mixed-economy regimes more “market-friendly,” a policy that started in the 1950s and 1960s in countries like Algeria, Tunisia, Syria, and Egypt. Considering the mounting social tension that results from continuing population growth, urban agglomeration, and unemployment, it would be naive to expect—with Fukuyama—an “end of history” as most countries try to adopt market regimes and to strengthen civil society and parliamentary democracy. As Ibn Khaldun (1332–1406) well knew, economic and social change is a never-ending process. In the search for viable and sustainable strategies it may be stimulating to consider the insights of this great scholar of the Arab world who wrote 600 years ago.


Ibn Khaldun was born in Tunis into an influential clan of South Arabian origin with substantial influence in Islamic Spain and, after the fall of Seville in 1248, in north-western Africa. He was exposed to the turmoils of his time. He held his first position in 1352 at the court at Tunis at the age of 20 and then went on to high political, administrative, diplomatic, and judicial posts in the service of various rulers in the Maghrib, Spain, and Egypt.

Linked references
Hide All

This list contains references from the content that can be linked to their source. For a full set of references and notes please see the PDF or HTML where available.

Dieter Weiss , Wirtschaftliche Entwicklungsplanung in der Vereinigten Arabischen Republik (Cologne-Opladen, 1964), 238 f

Hellmut Ritter , “Irrational Solidarity Groups: A Socio-Psychological Study in Connection with Ibn Khaldun,” Oriens 1 (1948): 4

Dieter Weiss , “The Struggle for a Viable Islamic Economy,” Muslim World 79 (1989): 4658

Recommend this journal

Email your librarian or administrator to recommend adding this journal to your organisation's collection.

International Journal of Middle East Studies
  • ISSN: 0020-7438
  • EISSN: 1471-6380
  • URL: /core/journals/international-journal-of-middle-east-studies
Please enter your name
Please enter a valid email address
Who would you like to send this to? *