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  • Cited by 4
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    This article has been cited by the following publications. This list is generated based on data provided by CrossRef.

    Civantos, Christina 2006. Literacy, sexuality and the literary in the self-inscription of Mu ammad Shukrī. Middle Eastern Literatures, Vol. 9, Issue. 1, p. 23.

    Ulker, Erol 2005. Contextualising 'Turkification': nation-building in the late Ottoman Empire, 1908-18*. Nations and Nationalism, Vol. 11, Issue. 4, p. 613.

    1999. Bibliography. Center for Migration Studies special issues, Vol. 15, Issue. 1, p. 224.

    Salloukh, Bassel F. 1997. Studying Arab politics: The end of ideology or the quest for alternative methods?. Critique: Critical Middle Eastern Studies, Vol. 6, Issue. 10, p. 109.

  • International Journal of Middle East Studies, Volume 26, Issue 2
  • May 1994, pp. 201-222

The Rise of Arab Nationalism Reconsidered

  • Mahmoud Haddad (a1)
  • DOI:
  • Published online: 01 April 2009

The debate over the origins of early Arab nationalism in geographical Syria before World War I revolves around a twofold thesis presented two decades ago. Its first and most influential part advances a social explanation, maintaining that it was a traditional intra-Arab elite conflict: “those members of the Arab elite who had a vested interest in the Ottoman state were Ottomanists. Those who were without such a stake were Arabists.”

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Glen W. Swanson , “Enver Pasha: The Formative Years,” Middle Eastern Studies 16 (091980): 194.

David Kushner , “The Place of the Ulema in the Ottoman Empire during the Age of Reform (1839–1918),” Turcica 19 (1987): 60.

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International Journal of Middle East Studies
  • ISSN: 0020-7438
  • EISSN: 1471-6380
  • URL: /core/journals/international-journal-of-middle-east-studies
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