Skip to main content
×
×
Home

Behavioural and electrophysiological response of sorghum chafer Pachnoda interrupta (Coleoptera: Scarabaeidae) to plant compounds

  • Yitbarek Wolde-Hawariat (a1) (a2), Emiru Seyoum (a1), Bekele Jembere (a1), Merid Negash (a1), Bill S. Hansson (a2) (a3) and Ylva Hillbur (a2)...
Abstract

Behavioural and antennal responses of the sorghum chafer Pachnoda interrupta (Olivier) were tested to the synthetic compounds, such as eugenol, methyl salicylate, methyl anthranilate, isoamyl acetate and butyl butyrate. In the field, all odour-baited traps, except isoamyl acetate applied on cotton dispensers, were significantly more attractive than blank (unbaited) traps and all compounds, except isoamyl acetate, elicited dose-dependent responses in both male and female antennae. Dispenser type (cotton wick or rubber septum), trap location (inside or outside sorghum fields) and season (mating/July or feeding/September) affected the performance of the different compounds as lures. In July, methyl salicylate applied on cotton was the most attractive lure, whereas the most attractive treatments in September were eugenol and isoamyl acetate on rubber septa. Possibly due to odour and visual competition from the sorghum plants, traps placed outside the sorghum fields caught significantly more beetles than traps placed inside the fields. The trapping efficiency of a locally produced trap was found not to be competitive with that of the commercially available Japanese beetle trap. Overall, the results suggest that trapping with semiochemicals has a potential in sorghum chafer management, either for mass trapping and/or as part of an integrated pest management programme.

Copyright
Corresponding author
*E-mail: yitbarek_hawariat@yahoo.com
References
Hide All
Alm, S. R. and Dawson, C. G. (2003) Evaluation of two prototype traps and existing trap designs for captures of Japanese beetles (Coleoptera: Scarabaeidae). Journal of Economic Entomology 96, 453455.
Alm, S. R., Yeh, T., Dawson, C. G. and Klein, M. G. (1996) Evaluation of trapped beetle repellency, traps height, and string pheromone dispensers on Japanese beetle captures (Coleoptera: Scarabaeidae). Environmental Entomology 25, 12741278.
Anderbrant, O., Bengtsson, M., Löfqvist, J. and Baeckström, P. (1992) Field response of the pine sawfly Neodiprion sertifer to controlled release of diprionyl acetate, diprionyl propionate and trans-perillenal. Journal of Chemical Ecology 18, 17071725.
Ben-Yakir, D., Bazar, A. and Chen, M. (1995) Attraction of Maladera matrida (Coleoptera: Scarabaeidae) to eugenol and other lures. Journal of Chemical Ecology 88, 415420.
Bengtsson, M., Jaastad, G., Knudsen, G., Kobro, S., Bäckman, A.-C., Pettersson, E. and Witzgall, P. (2006) Plant volatiles mediate attraction to host and non-host plant in apple fruit moth, Argyresthia conjugella. Entomologia Experimentalis et Applicata 118, 7785.
Blight, M. M. and Smart, L. E. (1999) Influence of visual cues and isothiocyanate lures on capture of the pollen beetle, Meligethes aeneus in field traps. Journal of Chemical Ecology 25, 15011516.
Clark, R. O. S. and Crowe, T. J. (1978) The Genus Pachnoda in Ethiopia. Identification, Pest Status and Control of the Species. Institute of Agricultural Research, Addis Ababa, Ethiopia. 19 pp.
Crocker, R. L., Klein, M. G., Wie, X. and Nailon, W. T. (1999) Attraction of Phyllophaga congrua, Phyllophaga crassissima, Phyllophaga crinita, and Cyclocephala lurida (Coleoptera: Scarabaeidae) adults to selected volatile compounds. Southwestern Entomologist 24, 315320.
Domek, J. M. and Johnson, D. T. (1988) Demonstration of semiochemically induced aggregation in the green June beetle, Cotinis nitida (L.) (Coleoptera: Scarabaeidae). Environmental Entomology 17, 147–149.
Donaldson, J. M. I., McGovern, T. P. and Ladd, T. L. (1986) Trapping techniques and attractants for Cetoniinae and Rutelinae (Coleoptera: Scarabaeidae). Journal of Economic Entomology 79, 374377.
Donaldson, J. M. I., McGovern, T. P. and Ladd, T. L. (1990) Floral attractant for Cetoniinae and Rutelinae (Coleoptera: Scarabaeidae). Journal of Economic Entomology 83, 12981305.
Grunshaw, J. P. (1992) Field studies on the biology and economic importance of Pachnoda interrupta (Coleoptera: Scarabaeidae) in Mali West Africa. Bulletin of Entomological Research 82, 19–27.
Harari, A. R., Ben-Yakir, D. and Rosen, D. (1994) Mechanism of aggregation behavior in Maladera matrida Argaman (Coleoptera: Scarabaeidae). Journal of Chemical Ecology 20, 361371.
Held, D. W. and Potter, D. A. (2004) Floral characteristics affect susceptibility of hybrid tea Rosa × hybrida to Japanese beetle (Coleoptera: Scarabaeidae). Journal of Economic Entomology 97, 353–360.
Hillbur, Y. (2001) Tracking the tiny: identification of sex pheromone of the pea midge as prerequisite for pheromone based monitoring. PhD Dissertation. Swedish University of Agricultural Sciences..
Hillbur, Y., El-Sayed, A., Bengtsson, M., Löfqvist, J., Biddle, A., Plass, E. and Francke, W. (2000) Laboratory and field study of male midges, Contarinia pisi, to synthetic sex pheromone components. Journal of Chemical Ecology 26, 19411952.
Hiwot, L. (2000) Historical background on the pest status and control of sorghum chafer, Pachnoda interrupta (Coleoptera: Scarabaeidae) in Ethiopia, pp. 9–15. In Proceedings of the Workshop on the Development of Monitoring and Control Strategy Against Sorghum Chafer, Pachnoda interrupta (Coleoptera: Scarabaeidae) in Ethiopia. 28 February – 2 March 2000. MOA, Addis Ababa, Ethiopia.
Imai, T., Tsuchiya, S., Maekawa, M., Fujimori, T. and Leal, W. S. (1997) Methyl anthranilate, a noble attractant for soybean beetle Anomala rufocuprea Motschulsky (Coleoptera: Scarabaeidae). Applied Entomology and Zoology 32, 4548.
Jaffé, K., Sánchez, P., Cerda, H., Hernández, J. V., Jaffé, R., Urdaneta, N., Guerra, G., Martínez, R. and Miras, B. (2000) Chemical ecology of the palm weevil Rhynchophorus palmarum (L.) (Coleoptera: Curculionidae): attraction to host plants and to a male-produced aggregation pheromone. Journal of Chemical Ecology 19, 17031720.
Jago, N. D. (1995) Population monitoring and crop loss assessment in integrated pest management of panicle pests of sorghum and pearl millet, pp. 103–113. In Panicle Insect Pests of Sorghum and Pearl Millet (Edited by Youm, O.). ICRISAT, Niamey, Niger.
Kevan, P. G. and Baker, H. G. (1983) Insects as flower visitors and pollinators. Annual Review of Entomology 28, 407–453.
Klein, M. G. and Edwards, D. C. (1989) Captures of Popillia lewisi (Coleoptera: Scarabaeidae) and other scarabs on Okinawa with Japanese beetle lures. Journal of Economic Entomology 82, 101–103.
Klein, M. G., Lawrence, K. D. and Ladd, T. L. (1973) A modified trap of Japanese beetle. Journal of Economic Entomology 66, 275276.
Ladd, T. L. (1986) Enhancement of lures for Japanese beetles (Coleoptera: Scarabaeidae) by Eugenol and Japonilure. Journal of Economic Entomology 79, 405409.
Ladd, T. L., Klein, M. G. and Tumlinson, J. H. (1981) Phenethyl propionate + eugenol + geraniol (3:7:3) and Japonilure: A highly effective joint lure for Japanese beetles. Journal of Economic Entomology 74, 665667.
Lamarque, A. L., Maestri, D. M., Zygadlo, J. A. and Grosso, N. R. (1998) Volatile constituents from flowers of Acacia caven (Mol.) Mol. var. caven, Acacia aroma Gill. ex Hook., Erythrina crista-galli L. and Calliandra tweedii Benth. Flavour and Fragrance Journal 13, 266–268.
Larsson, M. C., Stensmyr, M. C., Bice, S. B. and Hansson, B. S. (2003) Attractiveness of electrophysiologically active fruit and flower volatiles to Pachnoda marginata (Coleoptera: Scarabaeidae). Journal of Chemical Ecology 29, 12531268.
Leal, W. S., Mochizuki, F., Wakamura, S. and Yasuda, T. (1992) Electroantennographic detection of Anomala cuprea Hope (Coleoptera: Scarabaeidae) sex pheromone. Journal of Applied Entomology and Zoology 27, 289–291.
Loughrin, J. H., Potter, D. A. and Hamilton-Kemp, T. R. (1995) Volatile compounds induced by herbivory act as aggregation kairomones for the Japanese beetle (Popillia japonica Newman). Journal of Chemical Ecology 21, 14571467.
Macku, C. and Jennings, W. J. (1987) Production of volatiles by ripening bananas. Journal of Agricultural and Food Chemistry 35, 845–848.
McGovern, T. P. and Ladd, T. L. (1984) Japanese beetle (Coleoptera: Scarabaeidae) attractant: Tests – with eugenol substitute and phenethyl propionate. Journal of Economic Entomology 77, 370–373.
MOA (2003) Pest status of sorghum chafer Pachnoda interrupta (Olivier) in Afar Region, pp. 36–39. In Proceedings of a Workshop on Recent Developments in Sorghum Chafer, Pachnoda interrupta (Olivier) Research 25–26 June 2003. Crop Protection and Regulatory Department (CPPTRD), Addis Ababa, Ethiopia.
MOA and EARO (1999) Control measures used by farmers and associated problems, pp. 19–23. In Proceedings of a Workshop on the Significance, Distribution and Control of Sorghum Chafer, Pachnoda interrupta (Olivier) (Coleoptera: Scarabaeidae) in Amhara and Afar regions 10–13 March, 1999. MOA and EARO, Addis Ababa, Ethiopia.
Murai, T., Imai, T. and Maekawa, M. (2000) Methyl anthranilate as an attractant for two thrips species and the thrips species parasitoids Ceranisus menes. Journal of Chemical Ecology 26, 25572565.
Potter, D. A. and Held, D. W. (2002) Biology and management of the Japanese beetle. Annual Review of Entomology 47, 175–205.
Reed, D. K., Lee, M. H., Kim, S. H. and Klein, M. G. (1991) Attraction of scarab beetle populations (Coleoptera: Scarabaeidae) to Japanese beetle lures in the Republic of Korea. Agriculture, Ecosystems and Environment 36, 163–174.
Ruther, J. and Mayer, C. J. (2005) Response of garden chafer, Phyllopertha horticola, to plant volatiles: From screening to application. Entomologia Experimentalis et Applicata 115, 51–59.
Ruther, J. and Tolasch, T. (2004) Attraction of garden chafer, Phyllopertha horticola, to floral Japanese beetle lure. Journal of Applied Entomology 128, 158160.
SPSS (2001) SPSS for Windows. Version 13.0. SPSS Inc., Chicago.
Seneshaw, A. and Mulugeta, N. (2002) Study on the biology of sorghum chafer, Pachnoda interrupta (Coleoptera: Scarabaeidae) under laboratory condition. Pest Management Journal of Ethiopia 6, 31–36.
Tasin, M., Anfora, G., Ioriatti, C., Carlin, S., Decristofaro, A., Schmidt, S., Bengtsson, M., Versini, G. and Witzgall, P. (2005) Antennal and behavioral responses of grapevine moth Lobesia botrana females to volatiles from grapevine. Journal of Chemical Ecology 31, 7787.
Yitbarek, W. H. and Hiwot, L. (2000) Yield loss assessment of sorghum chafer, Pachnoda interrupta (Coleoptera: Scarabaeidae) in Ethiopia, pp. 40–43. In Proceedings of the Workshop on the Development of Monitoring and Control Strategy Against Sorghum Chafer, Pachnoda interrupta (Coleoptera: Scarabaeidae) in Ethiopia 28 February–2 March, 2000. MOA, Addis Ababa.
Zar, J. H. (1984) Biostatistical Analysis. Prentice Hall Inc., New Jersey. 718 pp.
Recommend this journal

Email your librarian or administrator to recommend adding this journal to your organisation's collection.

International Journal of Tropical Insect Science
  • ISSN: 1742-7584
  • EISSN: 1742-7592
  • URL: /core/journals/international-journal-of-tropical-insect-science
Please enter your name
Please enter a valid email address
Who would you like to send this to? *
×

Keywords

Metrics

Full text views

Total number of HTML views: 0
Total number of PDF views: 0 *
Loading metrics...

Abstract views

Total abstract views: 0 *
Loading metrics...

* Views captured on Cambridge Core between <date>. This data will be updated every 24 hours.

Usage data cannot currently be displayed