Skip to main content
    • Aa
    • Aa

The Political Culture of Sugar Tariffs: Immigration, Race, and Empire, 1898–1930

  • April Merleaux (a1)

This article contends that the chronology of popular and legislative movements for restrictive tariffs and immigration exclusion in the United States ran parallel courses between 1898 and the 1930. Those who spoke for and against such policies did so using the rhetoric of race, labor, and empire. The article analyzes the career of Nevada Senator Francis G. Newlands in order to show how the sugar industry and Asian immigration were intrinsic to debates over imperial policy between 1898 and the First World War. The article then describes policy changes during the First World War. The war set the stage for renewed debates over immigration and the sugar trade in the 1920s as the newly formed Tariff Commission attempted to grapple with an oversupplied world sugar market. Their work ultimately reinforced the old associations among race, labor, and trade policy and did little to improve the global sugar crisis.

Linked references
Hide All

This list contains references from the content that can be linked to their source. For a full set of references and notes please see the PDF or HTML where available.

Gail Hollander , Raising Cane in the ‘Glades: The Global Sugar Trade and the Transformation of Florida (Chicago, 2008)

Julian Go , “The Chains of Empire: Building and ‘Political Education’ in Puerto Rico and the Philippines,” in The American Colonial State in the Philippines: Global Perspectives, ed. Go and Foster (Durham, NC, 2003)

Efrén Rivera Ramos , “Deconstructing Colonialism: The ‘Unincorporated Territory’ as a Category of Domination,” in Foreign in a Domestic Sense: Puerto Rico, American Expansion and the Constitution, ed. Christina Duffy Burnett and Burke Marshall (Durham, 2001)

Delber L. McKee , “The Chinese Boycott of 1905–1906 Reconsidered: The Role of Chinese Americans,” Pacific Historical Review 55 (May 1986):165191

A Western View of the Race Question,” Annals of the American Academy of Political and Social Science 34 (September 1909):4951

Robert B. Campbell , “Newlands, Old Lands: Native American Labor, Agrarian Ideology, and the Progressive-Era State in the Making of the Newlands Reclamation Project, 1902–1926,” Pacific Historical Review 71 (2002):203238

Roy G. Blakey , “Sugar Prices and Distribution under Food Control,” The Quarterly Journal of Economics 32 (August 1918):567596

Barry Carr , “Identity, Class, and Nation: Black Immigrant Workers, Cuban Communism, and the Sugar Insurgency, 1925–1934,” The Hispanic American Historical Review 78 (February 1998): 83116

Recommend this journal

Email your librarian or administrator to recommend adding this journal to your organisation's collection.

International Labor and Working-Class History
  • ISSN: 0147-5479
  • EISSN: 1471-6445
  • URL: /core/journals/international-labor-and-working-class-history
Please enter your name
Please enter a valid email address
Who would you like to send this to? *


Full text views

Total number of HTML views: 2
Total number of PDF views: 12 *
Loading metrics...

Abstract views

Total abstract views: 91 *
Loading metrics...

* Views captured on Cambridge Core between September 2016 - 25th June 2017. This data will be updated every 24 hours.