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    Fassmann, Heinz and İçduygu, Ahmet 2013. Turks in Europe: Migration Flows, Migrant Stocks and Demographic Structure. European Review, Vol. 21, Issue. 03, p. 349.


Project-Tied Labor Migration from Turkey to the MENA Region: Past, Present, and Future

  • Ahmet İçduygu (a1) and Deniz Sert (a1)
  • DOI:
  • Published online: 17 May 2011

The geographic region of the Middle East and North Africa (MENA) comprises one of the most fascinating immigration regions of the world, hosting millions of migrants and receiving thousands of new migrants each year. While the panorama of MENA's immigration arena is extremely diverse, this article aims to investigate project-tied, or contract-based, labor migration from Turkey, which occurs mostly through the long-established work of Turkish companies that engage in various construction and service-sector businesses. Taking the analytical context of migration system theory into consideration, the main aim of this essay is twofold: while it attempts to document the dynamics and mechanisms of contract-based labor migration from Turkey to the MENA countries, it also intends to elaborate on research about migratory systems between Turkey and the MENA region, mainly referring to macro-level factors affecting the relevant migration system.

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Alejandro Portes and Jozef Böröcz , “Contemporary Immigration: Theoretical Perspectives on its Determinants and Modes of Incorporation,” International Migration Review 23 (1989): 606–30

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Thomas Faist , The Volume and Dynamics of International Migration and Transnational Social Spaces (Oxford, 2000)

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J. S. Birks , “Migrant Workers in the Arab Gulf: The Impact of Declining Oil Revenues,” International Migration Review 20 (1986), 799814

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International Labor and Working-Class History
  • ISSN: 0147-5479
  • EISSN: 1471-6445
  • URL: /core/journals/international-labor-and-working-class-history
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