Alesina, Alberto, and Summers, Lawrence H.. 1993. Central Bank Independence and Macroeconomic Performance: Some Comparative Evidence. Journal of Money, Credit, and Banking 25 (2):151–62.
Ammer, John, and Freeman, Richard T.. 1995. Inflation Targeting in the 1990s: The Experiences of New Zealand, Canada, and the United Kingdom. Journal of Economics and Business 47 (2):165–92.
Atkenson, Andrew, and Kehoe, Patrick J.. 2001.
Ball, Laurence, and Sheridan, Niamh. 2005. Does Inflation Targeting Matter? In The Inflation-Targeting Debate, edited by Bernanke, Ben S. and Woodford, Michael, 249–82. Chicago: University of Chicago Press.
Banaian, King, Burdekin, R.C.K., and Willett, Thomas D.. 1995. On the Political Economy of Central Bank Independence. In Monetarism and the Methodology of Economics: Essays in Honor of Thomas Mayer, edited by Hoover, Kevin D. and Sheffri, Steven M., 178–97. Brookfield, Vt.: Edward Elgar.
Barro, Robert J., and Gordon, David B.. 1983. A Positive Theory of Monetary Policy in a Natural Rate Model. Journal of Political Economy 91 (4):589–610.
Bernanke, Ben S., and Mishkin, Frederic S.. 1997. Inflation Targeting: A New Framework for Monetary Policy? Journal of Economic Perspectives 11 (2):97–116.
Bernhard, William. 2002.
Bernhard, William, Broz, J. Lawrence, and Clark, William Roberts. 2002. The Political Economy of Monetary Institutions. Cambridge, Mass.: MIT Press.
Broz, J. Lawrence. 2002. Political System Transparency and Monetary Commitment Regimes. International Organization 56 (4):861–87.
Broz, J. Lawrence, Frieden, Jeffry, and Weymouth, Stephen. 2008. Exchange Rate Policy Attitudes: Direct Evidence from Survey Data. IMF Staff Papers 55 (3):417–44.
Calvo, Guillermo A., and Végh, Carlos. 1999. Inflation Stabilization and BOP Crises in Developing Countries. In Handbook of Macroeconomics, 1C, edited by Taylor, John B. and Woodford, Michael, 1531–614. Amsterdam: North-Holland.
Canavan, Chris, and Tommasi, Mariano. 1997. On the Credibility of Alternative Exchange-Rate Regimes. Journal of Developmental Economics 54 (1):101–22.
Cecchetti, Stephen G., and Ehrmann, Michael. 2002. Does Inflation Targeting Increase Output Volatility? An International Comparison of Policymakers' Preferences and Outcomes. In Monetary Policy: Rules and Transmission Mechanisms, edited by Loayza, Norman and Schmidt-Hebbel, Klaus, 247–74. Santiago: Central Bank of Chile.
Cooper, Richard. 1971.
Crowe, Christopher. 2006.
Crowe, Christopher, and Meade, Ellen E.. 2007. The Evolution of Central Bank Governance around the World. Journal of Economic Perspectives 21 (4):69–90.
Cukierman, Alex. 1992. Central Bank Strategy, Credibility, and Independence: Theory and Evidence. Cambridge, Mass.: MIT Press.
Cukierman, Alex, Webb, Steven B., and Neyapti, Bilin. 1992. Measuring the Independence of Central Banks and Its Effect on Policy Outcomes. World Bank Economic Review 6 (3):353–98.
de Haan, Jakob, and Kooi, Willem. 2000. Does Central Bank Independence Really Matter? New Evidence for Developing Countries Using a New Indicator. Journal of Banking and Finance 24 (4):643–64.
Flood, Robert, and Isard, Peter. 1989. Monetary Policy Strategies. IMF Staff Papers 36 (3):612–32.
Forder, James. 2000. Central Bank Independence and Credibility: Is There a Shred of Evidence? International Finance 3 (1):167–85.
Frankel, Jeffrey A. 1999.
Ghosh, Atish R., Gulde, Anne-Marie, and Wolf, Holger C.. 2002. Exchange Rate Regimes, Choices and Consequences. Cambridge, Mass.: MIT Press.
Giavazzi, Francesco, and Pagano, Marco. 1988. The Advantage of Tying One's Hands: EMS Discipline and Central Bank Credibility. European Economic Review 32 (5):1055–75.
Gürkaynak, Refet S., Levin, Andrew T., and Swanson, Eric T.. 2006.
Keefer, Philip, and Stasavage, David. 2003. The Limits of Delegation: Veto Players, Central Bank Independence, and the Credibility of Monetary Policy. American Political Science Review 97 (3):407–23.
Levin, Andrew T., Natalucci, Fabio M., and Piger, Jeremy M.. 2004. The Macroeconomic Effects of Inflation Targeting. Federal Reserve Bank of St. Louis Review 86 (4):51–80.
Levy-Yeyati, Eduardo, and Sturzenegger, Federico. 2005. Classifying Exchange Rate Regimes: Deeds vs. Words. European Economic Review 49 (6):1603–35.
Lohmann, Susanne. 1992. Optimal Commitment in Monetary Policy: Credibility Versus Flexibility. American Economic Review 82 (1):273–86.
Mahadeva, Lavan, and Sterne, Gabriel. 2000. Monetary Frameworks in a Global Context. New York: Routledge.
Mankiw, N. Gregory, Reis, Ricardo, and Wolfers, Justin. 2003. Disagreement About Inflation Expectations. NBER Macroeconomics Annual 18:209–48.
McCallum, Bennett T. 1995. Two Fallacies Concerning Central-Bank Independence. American Economic Review 85 (2):207–11.
Mishkin, Frederic S. 1999. International Experiences with Different Monetary Policy Regimes. Journal of Monetary Economics 43 (3):579–605.
Mishkin, Frederic S. 2004.
Mishkin, Frederic S., and Posen, Adam S.. 1997. “Inflation Targeting: Lessons from Four Countries.” Federal Reserve Bank of New York Economic Policy Review 3(3): 9–110.
Mishkin, Frederic S., and Schmidt-Hebbel, Klaus. 2002. One Decade of Inflation Targeting in the World: What Do We Know and What Do We Need to Know? In Inflation Targeting: Design, Performance, Challenges, edited by Loayza, Norman V. and Soto, Raimundo, 171–219. Santiago: Central Bank of Chile.
Mishkin, Frederic S., and Schmidt-Hebbel, Klaus. 2007.
Polillo, Simone, and Guillén, Mauro F.. 2005. Globalization Pressures and the State: The Global Spread of Central Bank Independence. American Journal of Sociology 110 (6):1764–802.
Reinhart, Carmen M., and Rogoff, Kenneth S.. 2004. The Modern History of Exchange Rate Arrangements: A Reinterpretation. Quarterly Journal of Economics 119 (1):1–48.
Rogoff, Kenneth. 1985. The Optimal Degree of Commitment to an Intermediate Monetary Target. Quarterly Journal of Economics 100 (4):1169–90.
Tavlas, George, Dellas, Harris, and Stockman, Alan C.. 2008. The Classification and Performance of Alternative Exchange-Rate Systems. European Economic Review 52 (6):941–63.
Tomz, Michael, Wittenberg, Jason, and King, Gary. 1998. CLARIFY: Software for Interpreting and Presenting Statistical Results. Cambridge, Mass.: Harvard University.
Walsh, Carl E. 1995. Optimal Contracts for Central Bankers. American Economic Review 85 (1):150–67.