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The second image reversed: the international sources of domestic politics

  • Peter Gourevitch (a1)
  • DOI:
  • Published online: 01 May 2009

The international system is not only an expression of domestic structures, but a cause of them. Two schools of analysis exploring the impact of the international system upon domestic politics (regime types, institutions, coalitions, policies) may be distinguished: those which stress the international economy, and those which stress political-military rivalry, or war. Among the former are such arguments as: late industrialization (associated with Gershenkron); dependencia or core-periphery arguments (Wallerstein); liberal development model (much American writing in the 50s and 60s); transnational relation-modernization (Nye, Keohane, Morse); neo-mercantilists (Gilpin); state-centered Marxists (Schurmann). Arguments stressing the role of war include those which focus on the organizational requirements of providing security (Hintze, Anderson), the special nature of foreign relations (classical political theory), territorial compensation (diplomatic history), and strains of foreign involvement (analysis of revolutions). These arguments provide the basis for criticism of much of the literature which uses domestic structure as an explanation of foreign policy, in particular those which (such as the strong-state weak-state distinction) tend, by excessive focus on forms, to obscure the connection between structures and interests, and the role of politics. These arguments also permit criticism of the notion of a recent fundamental discontinuity in the nature of international relations.

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This list contains references from the content that can be linked to their source. For a full set of references and notes please see the PDF or HTML where available.

Samuel Huntington , “Transnational Organizations,” World Politics, 25 (041973): 338368

T. Hamerow , Revolution, Restoration, Reaction (Princeton: Princeton U.P., 1958)

Robert Keohane and Joseph Nye , eds., Transnational Relations and World Politics (Cambridge: Harvard U.P., 1971)

Robert Gilpin , US Power and the Multinational Corporation (New York: Basic Books, 1975)

Gilpin, “Three Models of the Future,” International Organization, 29 (Winter1975): 3760

Samuel Finer , “State Building, State Boundaries and Border Control,” Social Sciences Information, 13 (4/5): 79126

Theda Skocpol , “France, Russia, China: A Structural Analysis of Social Revolutions,” Comparative Studies in Society and History 18 (041976): 175210

R. Harrison Wagner , “Dissolving the State: Three Recent Perspectives on International Relations,” International Organization 28 (Summer, 1974): 335466

Peter Katzenstein , “Introduction” and “Conclusion” to “Between Power and Plenty: Foreign Economic Policies of Advanced Industrial States,” International Organization 31 (Autumn1977)

Peter Bachrach and Morton Baratz , “Decisions and Non-decisions: An Analytic Framework,” American Political Science Review 57 (1963)

Hans-Ulrich Wehler Bismarck's Imperialism, 1862–1890”, Past and Present 48 (1970): 119155

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International Organization
  • ISSN: 0020-8183
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