Skip to main content
×
Home
    • Aa
    • Aa
  • Get access
    Check if you have access via personal or institutional login
  • Cited by 7
  • Cited by
    This article has been cited by the following publications. This list is generated based on data provided by CrossRef.

    Bailly, Nathalie Martinent, Guillaume Ferrand, Claude Gana, Kamel Joulain, Michèle and Maintier, Christine 2016. Tenacious goal pursuit and flexible goal adjustment in older people over 5 years: a latent profile transition analysis. Age and Ageing, Vol. 45, Issue. 2, p. 287.


    Haratsis, Jessica M. Creed, Peter A. and Hood, Michelle 2016. Cross-lagged relationships between person-based resources, self-perceptions, and career and life satisfaction in young adults. International Journal for Educational and Vocational Guidance, Vol. 16, Issue. 2, p. 169.


    Johnson, Judith and Wood, Alex M. 2015. Integrating Positive and Clinical Psychology: Viewing Human Functioning as Continua from Positive to Negative Can Benefit Clinical Assessment, Interventions and Understandings of Resilience. Cognitive Therapy and Research,


    Alsawy, Sarah Mansell, Warren Carey, Timothy A. McEvoy, Phil and Tai, Sara J. 2014. Science and Practice of Transdiagnostic CBT: A Perceptual Control Theory (PCT) Approach. International Journal of Cognitive Therapy, Vol. 7, Issue. 4, p. 334.


    Bailly, Nathalie Gana, Kamel Hervé, Catherine Joulain, Michèle and Alaphilippe, Daniel 2014. Does flexible goal adjustment predict life satisfaction in older adults? A six-year longitudinal study. Aging & Mental Health, Vol. 18, Issue. 5, p. 662.


    Coffey, Laura Gallagher, Pamela Desmond, Deirdre and Ryall, Nicola 2014. Goal pursuit, goal adjustment, and affective well-being following lower limb amputation. British Journal of Health Psychology, Vol. 19, Issue. 2, p. 409.


    Dunne, Simon Coffey, Laura Gallagher, Pamela and Desmond, Deirdre 2014. “If I can do it I will do it, if I can’t, I can’t”: a study of adaptive self-regulatory strategies following lower limb amputation. Disability and Rehabilitation, Vol. 36, Issue. 23, p. 1990.


    ×

Flexible and tenacious goal pursuit lead to improving well-being in an aging population: a ten-year cohort study

  • Rebecca E. Kelly (a1), Alex M. Wood (a2) and Warren Mansell (a2)
  • DOI: http://dx.doi.org/10.1017/S1041610212001391
  • Published online: 04 September 2012
Abstract
ABSTRACT

Background: Previous research has shown that tendencies to tenaciously pursue goals and flexibly adapt goals independently relate to well-being in adults in mid-to-late life, but research has not tested whether these tendencies interact. For example, tenacity may only predict well-being in combination with flexibility. This research tests whether these tendencies interact to predict changes in health-related outcomes.

Methods: A large cohort of people (n = 5,666), initially aged 55–56, completed measures of flexibility, tenacity, health-related outcomes (physical health, depression, hostility), as well as demographics. Participants provided follow-up data on all measures ten years later. Moderation analysis was used to test whether flexibility and tenacity interacted to predict changes in the health-related outcomes over the period.

Results: The interaction between tenacity and flexibility significantly predicted changes in depression, hostility, and physical ill-health symptoms over ten years, such that highly flexible and tenacious individuals experienced the largest decreases in symptoms of depression, hostility, and physical ill-health.

Conclusions: The interaction between flexibility and tenacity predicts greater well-being, such that one is most protective when an individual also scores highly on the other. The combination of flexibility and tenacity in the pursuit of personal goals may mean individuals can enjoy gains associated with goal pursuit without the detrimental effects of persevering in blocked goals.

Copyright
Corresponding author
Correspondence should be addressed to: Rebecca Kelly, Department of Psychology, Institute of Psychiatry, King's College London, 3rd Floor, Addiction Sciences Building, 4 Windsor Walk, Denmark Hill, London SE5 8AF, UK. Phone: +44 (0) 7736 042 836. Email: rebecca.erin.kelly@gmail.com.
Linked references
Hide All

This list contains references from the content that can be linked to their source. For a full set of references and notes please see the PDF or HTML where available.

A. T. F. Beekman , Deeg, D. J. H. Limbeek, J. van, Braam, A. W. Vries, M. Z. De and Tilburg, W. van. (1997). Criterion validity of the Center for Epidemiologic Studies Depression scale (CES-D): results from a community-based sample of older adults in the Netherlands. Psychological Medicine, 27, 231235.

A. C. Bohart (2000). The client is the most important common factor: clients’ self-healing capacities and psychotherapy. Journal of Psychotherapy Integration, 10, 127149.

K. Bouerner (2003). Adaptation to disability among middle-aged and older adults: the role of assimilative and accommodative coping. Journals of Gerontology, 59, 3542.

J. Brandtstadter and G. Renner (1990). Tenacious goal pursuit and flexible goal adjustment: explication and age related analysis of assimilative and accommodative strategies of coping. Psychology and Aging, 5, 5867.

J. Brandtstadter and K. Rothermund (2002). The life-course dynamics of goal pursuit and goal adjustment: a two-process framework. Developmental Review, 22, 117150.

J. Brandtstadter , D. Wentura and W. Greve (1993). Adaptive resources of the aging self: outlines of an emergent perspective. International Journal of Behavioral Development, 16, 323349.

C. S. Carver and M. F. Scheier (1990). Origins and functions of positive and negative affect: a control-process view. Psychological Review, 97, 1935.

J. Heckhausen and R. Schulz (1995). A life-span theory of control. Psychological Review, 102, 284304.

J. Heckhausen , C. Wrosch and W. Fleeson (2001). Developmental regulation before and after passing a developmental deadline: the sample case of “biological clock” for child-bearing. Psychology and Aging, 16, 400413.

P. Karoly (1993). Goal systems: an organizing framework for clinical assessment and treatment planning. Psychological Assessment, 5, 273280.

S. Joseph and A. M. Wood (2010). Assessment of positive functioning in clinical psychology: theoretical and practical issues. Clinical Psychology Review, 30, 830838.

R. E. Kelly , W. Mansell and A. M. Wood (2011). Goal conflict and ambivalence interact to predict depression. Personality and Individual Differences, 50, 531534.

R. E. Kelly , A. M. Wood , K. Shearman , S. Phillips and W. Mansell (2012). Encouraging acceptance of ambivalence using the expressive writing paradigm. Psychology and Psychotherapy: Theory Research and Practice, 85, 220228.

M. P. Lawton , M. S. Moss , L. Winter and C. Hoffman (2002). Motivation in later life: personal projects and well-being. Psychology and Aging, 17, 539547.

R. M. Lerner , D. K. Freedheim and I. B. Weiner (2003). Handbook of Psychology: Developmental Psychology. New Jersey: John Wiley and Sons Inc.

P. Mecocci , A. Cherubini , E. Mariani , C. Ruggiero and U. Senin (2004). Depression in the elderly: new concepts and therapeutic approaches. Aging Clinical and Experimental Research, 16, 176189.

R. M. Nesse (2000). Is depression an adaptation? Archives of General Psychiatry, 57, 1420.

L. S. Radloff (1977). The CES-D scale: a self-report depression scale for research in the general population. Applied Psychological Measurement, 1, 385401.

C. D. Ryff and C. L. M. Keyes (1995). The structure of psychological well-being revisited. Journal of Personality and Social Psychology, 69, 719727.

S. C. Segerstrom and L. Solberg-Nes (2006). When goals conflict but people prosper: the case of dispositional optimism. Journal of Research in Personality, 40, 675693.

L. Serpell , G. Waller , P. Fearon and C. Meyer (2009). The roles of persistence and perseveration in psychopathology. Behaviour Therapy, 40, 260271.

A. M. Wood and S. Joseph (2010). The absence of positive psychological (eudemonic) well-being as a risk factor for depression: a ten year cohort study. Journal of Affective Disorders, 122, 213217.

A. M. Wood and N. Tarrier (2010). Positive clinical psychology: a new vision and strategy for integrated research and practice. Clinical Psychology Review, 30, 819829.

C. Wrosch and J. Heckhausen (1999). Control processes before and after passing a developmental deadline: activation and deactivation of intimate relationship goals. Journal of Personality and Social Psychology, 77, 415427.

C. Wrosch , M. F. Scheier , G. E. Miller , R. Schultz and C. S. Carver (2003). Adaptive self-regulation of unattainable goals: goal disengagement, goal reengagement, and subjective well-being. Personality and Social Psychology Bulletin, 29, 14941508.

D. Zapf , C. Dormann and M. Frese (1996). Longitudinal studies in organizational stress research: a review of the literature with reference to methodological issues. Journal of Occupational Health Psychology, 1, 145169.

Recommend this journal

Email your librarian or administrator to recommend adding this journal to your organisation's collection.

International Psychogeriatrics
  • ISSN: 1041-6102
  • EISSN: 1741-203X
  • URL: /core/journals/international-psychogeriatrics
Please enter your name
Please enter a valid email address
Who would you like to send this to? *
×

Keywords: