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The impact of forced migration on the mental health of the elderly: a scoping review

  • Ashwini Virgincar (a1), Shannon Doherty (a2) and Chesmal Siriwardhana (a2) (a3)



The worldwide elderly population fraction is increasing, with the greatest rise in developing countries. Older adults affected by conflict and forced migration mainly taking place in developing countries may be particularly vulnerable to poor mental health due to other age-specific risk factors. This review aims to explore global evidence on the effect of conflict-induced forced migration on the mental health of older adults.


Seven bibliographic databases were searched. The title and abstract of 797 results were reviewed for qualitative and quantitative studies meeting inclusion and exclusion criteria.


Six studies were selected for the in-depth review. Five papers assessed mental health in older adult populations displaced as refugees. One paper assessed mental health of older adults with varying immigration status.


This review highlights the dearth of evidence about the impact of forced migration on the mental health of older adults. Further research is needed to explore the risk factors and processes that contribute to adverse mental health outcomes among older adult populations. This is essential to the development of interventions for this vulnerable and at-risk population, particularly in resource-poor settings.


Corresponding author

Correspondence should be addressed to: Chesmal Siriwardhana, Anglia Ruskin University, Bishop Hall Lane, Chelmsford CM1 1SQ, UK. Phone: +44 (0)1245 68 4199. Email:


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The impact of forced migration on the mental health of the elderly: a scoping review

  • Ashwini Virgincar (a1), Shannon Doherty (a2) and Chesmal Siriwardhana (a2) (a3)


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