Aalto, M., Alho, H., Halm, J. and Seppa, K. (2011). The alcohol use disorders identification test (AUDIT) and its derivatives in screening for heavy drinking among the elderly. International Journal of Geriatric Psychiatry, 26, 881–885.
Australian Institute of Health and Welfare (2011a). 2010 National Drug Strategy Household Survey Report. Drug Statistics Series No 25. Cat. No. PHE 145. Canberra: Australian Institute of Health and Welfare.
Australian Institute of Health and Welfare (2011b). National Opioid Pharmacotherapy Statistics Annual Data Collection: 2010 Report. Cat. No. HSE 109. Canberra: Australian Institute of Health and Welfare.
Babor, T. F., Higgins-Biddle, J. C., Saunders, J. B. and Monteiro, M. G. (2001). The Alcohol use Disorders Identification Test: Guidelines for use in Primary Care. Geneva, Switzerland: World Health Organisation.
Beynon, C. (2009). Drug use and ageing: older people do take drugs! Age and Ageing, 38, 8–10.
Bradley, K. A., Kivlahan, D. R., Bush, K. R., McDonell, M. B. and Fihn, S. D. (2001). Variations on the CAGE alcohol screening questionnaire: strengths and limitations in VA general medical patients. Alcoholism: Clinical and Experimental Research, 25, 1472–1478.
Bush, K., Kivlahan, D., McDonell, M., Fihn, S. and Bradley, K. (1998). The AUDIT alcohol consumption questions (AUDIT-C): an effective brief screening test for problem drinking. Archives of Internal Medicine, 158, 1789–1795.
Chan, J., Draper, B. and Banerjee, S. (2007). Deliberate self-harm in older adults: a review of the literature from 1995 to 2004. International Journal of Geriatric Psychiatry, 22, 720–732.
Dhalla, S. and Kopec, J.A. (2007). The CAGE questionnaire for alcohol misuse: a review of reliability and validity studies. Clinical and Investigative Medicine, 30, 33–41.
Draper, B., Karmel, R., Gibson, D., Peut, A. and Anderson, P. (2011). The hospital dementia services project: age differences in hospital stays of older people with and without dementia. International Psychogeriatrics, 23, 1649–1658.
et al. (2010). Correlates of alcohol-related discussions between older adults and their physicians. Journal of the American Geriatrics Society, 58, 2369–2374.
Ewing, J. A. (1984). Detecting alcoholism: the CAGE questionnaire. JAMA, 252, 1905–1907.
Folstein, M., Folstein, S. and McHugh, P. (1975). “Mini-mental state.” A practical method for grading the cognitive state of patients for the clinician. Journal of Psychiatric Research, 12, 189–198.
Goldstein, M. Z., Pataki, A. and Webb, M. T. (1996). Alcoholism among elderly persons. Psychiatric Services, 47, 941–943.
et al. (2008). Validation of the alcohol, smoking and substance involvement screening test (ASSIST). Addiction, 103, 1039–47
Humeniuk, R., Henry-Edwards, S., Ali, R., Poznyak, V., Monterio, V. and Maristela, G. (2010). The Alcohol, Smoking and Substance Involvement Screening Test (ASSIST); Manual for use in Primary Care. Geneva, Switzerland: World Health Organisation.
IBM Corp (2012). IBM SPSS Statistics for Windows, Version 21.0. Armonk, NY: IBM Corp.
Jeste, D. and Palmer, B. (2013). A call for a new positive psychiatry of ageing. British Journal of Psychiatry, 202, 81–83.
et al. (2012). Validation of the French version of the alcohol, smoking and substance involvement screening test (ASSIST) in the elderly. Substance Abuse Treatment Prevention and Policy, 7, 14.
Mioshi, E., Dawson, K., Mitchell, J., Arnold, R. and Hodges, J. R. (2006). The Addenbrooke's cognitive examination revised (ACE-R): a brief cognitive test battery for dementia screening. International Journal of Geriatric Psychiatry, 21, 1078–1085.
Moore, A., Whiteman, E. and Ward, K. (2007). Risks of combined alcohol/medication use in older adults. American Journal of Geriatric Pharmocotherapy, 5, 64–74.
Mulinga, J. (1999). Elderly people with alcohol-related problems: where do they go?
International Journal of Geriatric Psychiatry, 14, 564–566.
Park, J. and Lavin, R. (2010). Risk factors associated with opioid medication misuse in community-dwelling older adults with chronic pain. The Clinical Journal of Pain, 26, 647–655.
Paton, C. (2002), Benzodiazepines and disinhibition: a review. The Psychiatric Bulletin, 26, 460–462.
Pfeffer, R. I., Kurosaki, T. T., Harrah, C. H. J., Chance, J. M. and Filos, S. (1982). Measurement of functional activities in older adults in the community. Journal of Gerontology, 37, 323–329.
Poole, C., Jones, D. and Veitch, B. (1999). Relationships between prescription and non-prescription drug use in an elderly population. Archives of gerontology and geriatrics, 28, 259–271.
Satre, D. D., Sterling, S. A., Mackin, R. and Weisner, C. (2011). Patterns of alcohol and drug use among depressed older adults seeking outpatient psychiatric services. The American Journal of Geriatric Psychiatry
Saunders, J., Aasland, O., Babor, T., de la Fuente, J. and Grant, M. (1993). Development of the alcohol use disorders identification test (AUDIT): WHO collaborative project on early detection of persons with harmful alcohol consumption – II. Addiction, 88, 791–804.
Schonfeld, L., Rohrer, G. E., Zima, M. and Spiegel, T. (1993) Alcohol abuse and medication misuse in older adults as estimated by service providers. Journal of Gerontological Social Work, 21, 113–125.
Shah, A. and Fountain, J. (2008). Illicit drug use and problematic use in the elderly: Is there a case for concern?
International Psychogeriatrics, 20, 1081–1089.
Sharp, L. and Vacha-Haase, T. (2011). Physician attitudes regarding alcohol use screening in older adult patients. Journal of Applied Gerontology, 30, 226–240.
Sheik, J. and Yesavage, J. (1986). Geriatric depression scale (GDS). Recent evidence and development of a shorter version. In Brink, T. L., (ed.), Clinical Gerontology: A Guide to Assessment and Intervention. Binghamton, NY: the Haworth Press.
Vaishnavi, S., Connor, K. and Davidson, J. R. T. (2007). An abbreviated version of the connor-davidson resilience scale (CD-RISC), the CD-RISC2: psychometric properties and applications in psychopharmacological trials. Psychiatry Research, 152, 293–297.
van Vliet, P., van der Mast, R. C., van den Broek, M., Westendorp, R. G. and de Craen, A. J. (2009). Use of benzodiazepines, depressive symptoms and cognitive function in old age. International Journal of Geriatric Psychiatry, 24, 500–508.
Von Elm, E., Altman, D., Egger, M., Pocock, S., Gøtzsche, P. and Vandenbroucke, J. (2007). The strengthening the reporting of observational studies in epidemiology (STROBE) statement: guidelines for reporting observational studies. Epidemiology, 18, 800–804.
Voyer, P., Cappeliez, P., Perodeau, G. and Preville, M. (2005). Mental health for older adults and benzodiazpine use. Journal of Community Health Nursing, 22, 213–229.
Voyer, P., Preville, M., Roussel, M.-E., Berbiche, D. and Beland, S.-G. (2009). Factors associated with benzodiazepine dependence among community-dwelling seniors. Journal of Community Health Nursing, 26, 101–113.
Working Group of the Royal College of Psychiatrists (2011). Our Invisible Addicts: First Report of the Older Persons’ Substance Misuse Working Group of the Royal College of Psychiatrists (College Report CR 165). London, UK; Royal College of Psychiatrists.