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Sensory loss and suicide ideation in older adults: findings from the Three-City cohort study

  • S. Cosh (a1) (a2), I. Carrière (a3) (a4), V. Daien (a3) (a4) (a5), C. Tzourio (a5) (a6), C. Delcourt (a1) and C. Helmer (a1)...
Abstract
Objectives:

To examine the longitudinal risk of vision loss (VL) or hearing loss (HL) for experiencing suicidal ideation in older adults.

Design:

The Three-City study, examining data from three waves of follow-up (2006–2008, 2008–2010, and 2010–2012).

Setting:

Community-dwelling older French adults.

Participants:

N = 5,438 adults aged 73 years and over.

Measurements:

Suicidality was assessed by the Mini-International Neuropsychiatric Interview, Major Depressive Disorder module. Mild VL was defined as Parinaud of 3 or 4 and severe VL as Parinaud >4. Mild HL was self-reported as difficulty understanding a conversation and severe HL as inability to understand a conversation.

Results:

Severe VL was associated with an increased risk of suicidal ideation at baseline (OR = 1.59, 95% CIs = 1.06–2.38) and over five years (OR = 1.65, 95% CIs = 1.05–2.59). Mild and severe HL were associated with an increased risk of suicidal ideation, both at baseline (OR = 1.29, 95% CIs = 1.03–1.63; OR = 1.78, 95% CIs = 1.32–2.40) and over five years (OR = 1.47, 95% CIs = 1.17–1.85; OR = 1.97, 95% CIs = 1.44–2.70).

Conclusion:

Sensory losses in late life pose a risk for suicidal ideation. Suicidality requires better assessment and intervention in this population.

Copyright
Corresponding author
Correspondence should be addressed to: Dr. S. Cosh, Université Bordeaux, Case 11, 146 rue Léo Saignat, 33076 Bordeaux cedex, France. Phone: +33-5-57-57-13-93. Email: scosh@une.edu.au.
Footnotes
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Authorlist for Sense-Cog WP1 group is available as supplementary material attached to the electronic version of this paper; please visit https://doi.org/10.1017/S104161021800056X.

Footnotes
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International Psychogeriatrics
  • ISSN: 1041-6102
  • EISSN: 1741-203X
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