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    This article has been cited by the following publications. This list is generated based on data provided by CrossRef.

    Sucala, Ion Voicu 2015. Managers of Transition—Leadership in Post-Communist Romanian Companies. Europe-Asia Studies, Vol. 67, Issue. 4, p. 652.


    Jarosz, Dariusz 2014. POST-1989 historiography’s distorted image of the relation between authorities and society in Poland during the period from 1944 to 1989. Revue d’études comparatives Est-Ouest, Vol. 45, Issue. 02, p. 215.


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Workers under Communist Rule: Research in the Former Socialist Countries of Eastern-Central and South-Eastern Europe and in the Federal Republic of Germany

  • Peter Heumos (a1)
  • DOI: http://dx.doi.org/10.1017/S0020859009990630
  • Published online: 01 April 2010
Abstract
Summary

After the collapse of the communist system in eastern Europe, the development of the historiographies in the Czech and Slovak republics, Poland, Hungary, Romania, Bulgaria, and the Federal Republic of Germany has been characterized by a broad spectrum of differences. This article offers an overview of the ways in which these differences have worked out for the history of the working class in the eastern European countries under communist rule, understood here as the social history of workers. It shows that cultural and political traditions and the “embedding” of historical research in the respective societies prior to 1989, the extent to which historiography after 1989 was able to connect to pre-1989 social-historical or sociological investigations, and the specific national political situation after 1989 make up for much of the differences in the ways that the history of the working class is dealt with in the countries concerned.

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Résumés

Après l’effondrement du régime communiste en Europe de l’Est, le développement des historiographies dans les Républiques tchèques et slovaques ainsi qu’en Pologne, Hongrie, Roumanie, Bulgarie et République fédérale d’Allemagne s’est caractérisé par un large éventail de divergences. Dans cet article, l’auteur présente l’évolution de ces divergences pour l’histoire de la classe ouvrière dans les pays de l’Europe de l’Est sous le régime communiste, comprise ici comme l’histoire sociale des travailleurs. Il montre que des traditions politiques et culturelle et “l’enchâssement” de la recherche historique dans les sociétés respectives avant 1989, la mesure dans laquelle l’historiographie après 1989 est parvenue à se raccorder aux enquêtes socio-historiques ou sociologiques d’avant 1989 et la situation politique nationale spécifique après 1989 expliquent en grande partie les divergences dans les méthodes par lesquelles l’histoire de la classe ouvrière est traitée dans les pays concernés.

Zusammenfassungen

Nach dem Kollaps des kommunistischen Systems in Osteuropa war die Entwicklung der Geschichte in der tschechischen und slowakischen Republik, in Polen, Ungarn, Rumänien, Bulgarien und der BRD durch ein breites Spektrum der Unterschiede charakterisiert. Der Autor bietet einen Überblick auf die Weise, in denen diese Unterschiede für die Geschichte der Arbeiterklasse in osteuropäischen Ländern unter kommunistischer Herrschaft ausgearbeitet sind – hier verstanden als die Sozialgeschichte der Arbeiter. Gezeigt wird, dass kulturelle und politische Traditionen und das “embedding” historischer Forschung in den jeweiligen Gesellschaften vor 1989 sowie die Ausdehnung der Historiographie nach 1989 fähig war, sozialhistorische und soziologische Untersuchungen zu verbinden. Die Zeit vor 1989 und die spezifische nationale politische Situation nach 1989 zeigen viele der unterschiedlichen Wege der Geschichte der Arbeiterklasse in den jeweiligen Ländern.

Resúmenes

Después del colapso del sistema comunista en Europa del Este, el desarrollo de la historiografía en las Republicas Checa y Eslovaca, en Polonia, Hungría, Rumania, Bulgaria y en la República Federal Alemana se ha caracterizado por mostrar un amplio abanico de diferencias. Este artículo presenta una visión general de las maneras en que estas diferencias han afectado a la historia de la clase trabajadora en los países de Europa del Este sometidos a la ley comunista, entendida aquí como la historia social del trabajo. Demuestra que, tanto las tradiciones culturales y políticas y la “incrustación” de la investigación histórica en las respectivas sociedades antes de 1989, como el grado en que, después de 1989, la historiografía fue capaz de enlazar con investigaciones socio-históricas o sociológicas anteriores a 1989, además de la situación política nacional específica posterior a 1989, compensan en gran parte las diferencias de cómo es tratada la historia de la clase trabajadora en los países en cuestión.

Copyright
Corresponding author
E-mail: janaheumos @yahoo.de
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International Review of Social History
  • ISSN: 0020-8590
  • EISSN: 1469-512X
  • URL: /core/journals/international-review-of-social-history
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