This list contains references from the content that can be linked to their source. For a full set of references and notes please see the PDF or HTML where available.
J. A. Allen , C. S. Brown , and T. J. Stohlgren
2009. Non-native plant invasions of United States National Parks. Biol. Invasions
J. P. Bakker
1989. Nature management by grazing and cutting. London
F. A. Bazzaz
1986. Life history of colonizing plants: some demographic, genetic, and physiological features. Pages 96–110 in H. G. Baker , H. A. Mooney , and J. A. Drake , eds. Ecology of Biological Invasions of North America and Hawaii. New York
B. Blossey and R. Notzold
1995. Evolution of increased competitive ability in invasive nonindigenous plants: a hypothesis. J. Ecol.
D. D. Briske , S. D. Fuhlendorf , and F. E. Smeins
2006. A unified framework for assessment and application of ecological thresholds. Range Ecol. Manag.
F. S. Chapin , E. S. Zavaleta , V. T. Eviner , R. L. Naylor , P. M. Vitousek , H. L. Reynolds , D. U. Hooper , S. Lavorel , O. E. Sala , S. E. Hobbie , M. C. Mack , and S. Diaz
2000. Consequences of changing biodiversity. Nature
J. M. Christian and S. D. Wilson
1999. Long-term ecosystem impacts of an introduced grass in the northern Great Plains. Ecology
M. J. Crawley and S. L. Brown
1995. Seed limitation and the dynamics of feral oilseed rape on the M25 motorway. Proc. R. Soc. Lond. B Biol. Sci.
C. C. Daehler
2003. Performance comparisons of co-occurring native and alien plants: Implications for conservation and restoration. Annu. Rev. Ecol. Syst.
C. M. D'Antonio and P. M. Vitousek
Biological invasions by exotic grasses, the grass/fire cycle, and global change. Annu. Rev. Ecol. Syst.
A. R. Dyer and K. J. Rice
1999. Effects of competition on resource availability and growth of a California bunchgrass. Ecology
C. S. Elton
1958. The Ecology of Invasions by Animals and Plants. London
E. A. Forys and C. R. Allen
1999. Biological invasions and deletions: community change in south Florida. Biol. Conserv.
G. Gavier-Pizarro , V. Radeloff , S. Stewart , C. Huebner , and N. Keuler
2010. Housing is positively associated with invasive exotic plant species richness in New England, USA. Ecol. Appl.
T. Heger and L. Trepl
2003. Predicting biological invasions. Biol. Invasions
S. I. Higgins , D. M. Richardson , and R. M. Cowling
2000. Using a dynamic landscape model for planning the management of alien plant invasions. Ecol. Appl.
D. J. Hodkinson and K. Thompson
1997. Plant dispersal: the role of man. J. Appl. Ecol.
C. S. Holling
1973. Resilience and stability of ecological systems. Annu. Rev. Ecol. Syst.
I. Ibanez , J. A. Silander , A. M. Wilson , N. LaFleur , N. Tanaka , and I. Tsuyama
2009. Multivariate forecasts of potential distributions of invasive plant species. Ecol. Appl.
T. A. Kennedy , S. Naeem , K. M. Howe , J. M. H. Knops , D. Tilman , and P. Reich
2002. Biodiversity as a barrier to ecological invasion. Nature
D. L. Larson , P. J. Anderson , and W. Newton
2001. Alien plant invasion in mixed-grass prairie: effects of vegetation type and anthropogenic disturbance. Ecol. Appl.
J. M. Levine , P. B. Adler , and S. G. Yelenik
2004. A meta-analysis of biotic resistance to exotic plant invasions. Ecol. Lett.
F. Lloret , F. Medail , G. Brundu , I. Camarda , E. Moragues , J. Rita , P. Lambdon , and P. E. Hulme
2005. Species attributes and invasion success by alien plants on Mediterranean islands. J. Ecol.
W. M. Lonsdale
1999. Global patterns of plant invasions and the concept of invasibility. Ecology
M. R. Lundgren , C. J. Small , and G. D. Dreyer
2004. Influence of land use and site characteristics on invasive plant abundance in the Quinebaugh Highlands of southern New England. Northeast. Nat.
R. N. Mack , D. Simberloff , W. M. Lonsdale , H. Evans , M. Clout , and F. Bazzaz
2000. Biotic invasions: causes, epidemiology, global consequences, and control. Ecol. Appl.
L. C. Maskell , J. M. Bullock , S. M. Smart , K. Thompson , and P. E. Hulme
2006. The distribution and habitat associations of non-native plant species in urban riparian habitats. J. Veg. Sci.
S. J. McCanny and P. B. Cavers
1988. Spread of proso millet (Panicum miliaceum L.) in Ontario, Canada, II: dispersal by combines. Weed Res.
M. L. McKinney
2001. Effects of human population, area and time on nonnative plant and fish diversity in the United States. Biol. Conserv.
M. L. McKinney
2006. Urbanization as a major cause of biotic homogenization. Biol. Conserv.
H. A. Mooney and E. E. Cleland
2001. The evolutionary impact of invasive species. Proc. Natl. Acad. Sci. U. S. A.
S. Naeem , J. M. H. Knops , D. Tilman , K. M. Howe , T. Kennedy , and S. Gale
2000. Plant diversity increases resistance to invasion in the absence of covarying extrinsic factors. Oikos
J. L. Orrock , M. S. Witter , and O. J. Reichman
2008. Apparent competition with an exotic plant reduces native plant establishment. Ecology
L. Pejchar and H. A. Mooney
2009. Invasive species, ecosystem services and human well-being. Trends Ecol. Evol.
A. T. Peterson , M. Papes , and D. A. Kluza
2003. Predicting the potential invasive distributions of four alien plant species in North America. Weed Sci.
D. Pimentel , L. Lach , R. Zuniga , and D. Morrison
2000. Environmental and economic costs of nonindigenous species in the United States. Bioscience
D. Pimentel , R. Zuniga , and D. Morrison
2005. Update on the environmental and economic costs associated with alien-invasive species in the United States. Ecol. Econ.
P. Pyšek , V. Jarošík , and T. Kucera
2002. Patterns of invasion in temperate nature reserves. Biol. Conserv.
1998. Is there a taxonomic pattern to plant invasions?
P. Pyšek , S. Bacher , M. Chytrý , et al. 2010. Contrasting patterns in the invasions of European terrestrial and freshwater habitats by alien plants, insects and vertebrates. Global Ecol. Biogeogr.
I. J. Radford and R. D. Cousens
2000. Invasiveness and comparative life-history traits of exotic and indigenous Senecio species in Australia. Oecologia
M. Rejmanek and D. M. Richardson
1996. What attributes make some plant species more invasive?
2003. The rich get richer—responses. Front. Ecol. Environ.
D. B. Roy , M. O. Hill , and P. Rothery
1999. Effects of urban land cover on the local species pool in Britain. Ecography
M. D. Smith and A. K. Knapp
2001. Physiological and morphological traits of exotic, invasive exotic, and native plant species in tallgrass prairie. Int. J. Plant Sci.
T. J. Stohlgren , D. Binkley , G. W. Chong , M. A. Kalkhan , L. D. Schell , K. A. Bull , Y. Otsuki , G. Newman , M. Bashkin , and Y. Son
1999. Exotic plant species invade hot spots of native plant diversity. Ecol. Monogr.
J. R. Sutton , T. J. Stohlgren , and K. G. Beck
2007. Predicting yellow toadflax infestations in the Flat Tops Wilderness of Colorado. Biol. Invasions
K. Thompson , G. Hodgson , and T. C. G. Rich
1995. Native and invasive plants: more of the same?
M. Van Clef and E. W. Stiles
2001. Seed longevity in three pairs of native and non-native congeners: assessing invasive potential. Northeast. Nat.
J. Vicente , P. Alves , C. Randin , A. Guisan , and J. Honrado
2010. What drives invisibility? A multi-model inference test and spatial modeling of alien plant species richness in northern Portugal. Ecography
K. D. Whitney and C. A. Gabler
2008. Rapid evolution in introduced species, ‘invasive traits’ and recipient communities: challenges for predicting invasive potential. Diversity Distrib.
M. H. Williamson and A. Fitter
1996. The characters of successful invaders. Biol. Conserv.