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The Development of Settlement in the North Jazira between the 7th and 1st Millennia BC


This, the second report on the activities of a team from the British Archaeological Expedition to Iraq in the north Jazira, will present an overview of the results of the first four seasons of fieldwork. A review of settlement change since the first millennium BC will be reserved for a future publication. The first two seasons of survey (autumn 1986 and 1987), which concentrated on the region around Tell al-Hawa, were followed, in autumn 1988, by a season of excavation of three sites within the hinterland: Tulul al-Biyadir, Tell al-Hilwa and Khanijdal. The most recent season, conducted over some four months between September 1989 and February 1990, resulted in a total survey coverage of some 475 sq km. In addition, a single Late Assyrian/Hellenistic/Parthian site (Khirbet ‘Aloki) was excavated to investigate the sequence of settlement within the area of putative Neo-Assyrian colonisation. The first interim report (Ball, Tucker and Wilkinson 1989, henceforth, Ball et al. 1989) presented an introduction to the area and the rescue project; this report will focus upon the development of settlement and the influence that early route systems had upon settlement patterns.

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P. M. M. G. Akkermans , 1988 An updated chronology for the northern Ubaid and late chalcolithic periods in Syria: new evidence from Tell Hammam et-Turkman. Iraq 50: 109145.

W. Ball , D. Tucker , and T. J. Wilkinson , 1989 The Tell al-Hawa Project: Archaeological investigations in the north Jazira 1986–87. Iraq 51: 166.

A. Goetze , 1953 An Old Babylonian itinerary. Journal of Cuneiform Studies 7–1: 5172.

W. Hallo , 1964 The road to Emar. Journal of Cuneiform Studies 18: 5788.

R. Miller , 1980 Water use in Syria and Palestine from the Neolithic to the Bronze Ages. World Archaeology 11.3: 331–41.

D. Oates , 1968a The Excavations at Tell al-Rimah, 1967. Iraq 30: 115–38.

J. N. Postgate , 1974 Some remarks on conditions in the Assyrian countryside. Journal of the Economic and Social History of the Orient 17.3: 225–43.

J. E. Reade , 1968 Tell Taya (1967): Summary report. Iraq 30: 234–64.

P. Wattenmaker , 1987 Town and village economies in early state societies. Paléorient 13.2: 113–22.

T. J. Wilkinson , 1989 Extensive sherd scatters and land use intensity: some recent results. Journal of Field Archaeology 16: 3146.

T. J. Wilkinson , 1990 Soil development and early land use in the Jazira region, Upper Mesopotamia. World Archaeology 22.1: 87103.

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  • ISSN: 0021-0889
  • EISSN: 2053-4744
  • URL: /core/journals/iraq
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