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    Winter-Livneh, Rona Svoray, Tal and Gilead, Isaac 2012. Secondary burial cemeteries, visibility and land tenure: A view from the southern Levant Chalcolithic period. Journal of Anthropological Archaeology, Vol. 31, Issue. 4, p. 423.



  • NEIL KODESH (a1)
  • DOI:
  • Published online: 01 September 2008

This article raises the question of how scholars might make sense of well-known components of social organization in Africa in the absence of the increasingly criticized evolutionary and lineage models that once gave them meaning. In an effort to understand why our earliest glimpses into the distant Ganda past appear in the form of clan histories, the article examines the relationship between clanship, public healing and transformations in agricultural practices. Beginning around the fifteenth and sixteenth centuries, Ganda expanded upon earlier knowledge of banana cultivation to develop a land-intensive banana farming system. This process coincided with the transformation of previously territorial spirits into portable spirits capable of ensuring the health of disconnected groups of people. At the heart of these undertakings stood the ideology and practices of clanship, which furnished the conceptual bridge connecting transformations in agriculture and public healing. The webs of shrines situated on discontiguous clan lands created therapeutic networks that drew together communities whose leaders possessed a variety of skills, thus forging a powerful connection between clanship, collective health and the composition of knowledge.

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Jane Guyer and S. E. Belinga , ‘Wealth in people as wealth in knowledge: accumulation and composition in equatorial Africa’, Journal of African History, 36 (1995), 91120

Adam Kuper , ‘Lineage theory: a critical retrospect’, Annual Review of Anthropology, 11 (1982), 92

Wyatt MacGaffey , ‘Changing representations in Central African history’, Journal of African History, 46 (2005), 189207

Steven Feierman , ‘Healing as social criticism in the time of colonial conquest’, African Studies, 54 (1995), 7388

Justin Willis , ‘Clan and history in western Uganda: a new perspective on the origins of pastoral dominance’, International Journal of African Historical Studies, 30 (1997), 583

Neil Kodesh , ‘History from the healer's shrine: genre, historical imagination, and early Ganda history’, Comparative Studies in Society and History, 49 (2007), 527–52

B. Julius Lejju , Peter Robertshaw and David Taylor , ‘Africa's earliest bananas?Journal of Archaeological Science, 33 (2006), 102–13

Christopher Wrigley , ‘Bananas in Buganda’, Azania, 24 (1989), 6470

Conrad P. Kottak , ‘Ecological variables in the origin and evolution of African states: the Buganda example’, Comparative Studies in Society and History, 14 (1972), 367

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The Journal of African History
  • ISSN: 0021-8537
  • EISSN: 1469-5138
  • URL: /core/journals/journal-of-african-history
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